Guide to the Lifwynn Foundation Eye-Movement Camera Records

Administrative Information

Repository Information

Archives Center, National Museum of American History

P.O. Box 37012
 Suite 1100, MRC 601
 Washington, D.C., 20013-7012
 Phone: 202-633-3270

Conditions Governing Access note

The collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use note

Copyright held by the Smithsonian Institution. Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: fees for commercial use.

Custodial History note

The collection was transferred from the Division of Medical Sciences, on April 29, 1983.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note


Processing Information note

Collection processed by Robert S. Harding, archivist, 1983.

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Summary Information

Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Lifwynn Foundation.
Lifwynn Foundation Eye-Movement Camera Records
Date [inclusive]
.50 Cubic feet; 4 boxes

Preferred Citation note

Lifwynn Foundation Eye-Movement Camera Records, 1938-1954, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.

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Biographical/Historical note

These records of the Lifwynn Foundation document the development of the Lifwynn Eye-Movement Camera. The camera was devised and built by Dr. Henry Roger in his laboratory at Sand Hook, Connecticut. Charles Robinson assisted in the development and construction of the electrical features.

The registration and analysis of eye movements was undertaken as part of the study of the physiological alterations related to neurotic disorders. The investigation by L. Trigant Burrow, Scientific Director of the Lifwynn Foundation, and his associates, was undertaken especially in regard to disturbances in attention. Dr. Burrows' investigations were directed towards differentiating between a type of attention or adaption that is fundamentally healthy and direct and another type that is neurotic and under the influence of disturbing emotions.

Two earlier cameras - the two-film camera of Dr. Guy T. Buswell at Chicago University and the ophthalmograph of L.E. Luce and H.A. Thompson proved inadequate for this research project. Therefore, it was necessary to construct a camera especially designed to photograph eye movements exactly and continuously. The Lifwynn Foundation Eye-Movement Camera was constructed and made it possible to record both the horizontal and vertical components of the eye movements on one rolling film.

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Scope and Contents note

Included are file memoranda on meetings and correspondence, sent and received, 1938-1954, between the Lifwynn Foundation for Laboratory Research in Analytic and Social Psychiatry Incorporated, and in particular, Hans Syz, M.D., Secretary, and various doctors, psychologists, other professionals in the subject field, and various U.S. Military Departments, regarding either the eye movement camera or research projects using it; experiments and results with eye movement cameras; reprints of the American Journal of Psychology; and reprints in TIDE's series of monthly reports on tests made by Look's research staff with Look's eye cameras (eye camera tests of magazine advertising): "Left Side Preference Results"; "Flash Preference Tests and Results"; and "Headline Placement".

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Arrangement note

The collection is arranged alphabetically.

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Controlled Access Headings

Geographic Name(s)

  • Sand Hook (Conn.)

Personal Name(s)

  • Burrow, L. Trigant
  • Buswell, Guy
  • Luce, L. E.
  • Robinson, Charles, (electrical engineer)
  • Roger, Henry
  • Thompson, H. A.


  • Advertising--1930-1960
  • Cameras--1930-1960
  • Eye--Movements--Photographic measurements--1930-1960.
  • Neuroses--1930-1960
  • Photography, Medical--1930-1960
  • Photography, Ophthalmic--1930-1960
  • Psychologists--1930-1960
  • Psychology--1930-1960

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Collection Inventory

Box Folder

Additional Considerations

1 1

American Optical Co.

1 2

Conrad Berens

1 3

Herman F. Brandt

1 4

G.T. Buswell

1 5

Miscellaneous, A-B

1 6

Miscellaneous, C-D

1 7

Harold E. Edgerton

1 8

Eye Movement Paper, Science

1 9

Miscellaneous, E-F

2 1

LeGrand H. Hardy

2 2

W.R. Hess

2 3

Russell C. Holslag

2 4

Dagobert Horn

2 5

Miscellaneous, G-H

2 6

Fred Kerwer

2 7

Miscellaneous, I-K

2 8

Leonard E. Luce

2 9

Adolfo Marfaing

2 10

Miscellaneous L-M

2 11

Ophthalmograph (Eastman Kodak)

2 12

Miscellaneous, N-O

2 13

H.F. Pierce

2 14

Research Reports

2 15


2 16

Robert T. Rock

3 1

Henry Roger

3 2

Miscellaneous, P-R

3 3

Carl Schleischer

3 4

Herbert A. Thompson

3 5

Walter Turnbull

3 6

Miscellaneous, S-T

3 7

U.S. Military Priorities

3 8

Morris S. Viteles

3 9

Miscellaneous, U-V

3 10

Yale University

3 11

Miscellaneous, W-Z

3 12