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OVERVIEW OF THE COLLECTION

Title: Share Records

Collection Date(s): 1955-1986

Extent and Forms of Material: 20.5 cubic feet, including audio cassettes (57 boxes)

Creator: Morton I. Bernstein

Abstract: SHARE, the first organized user group in the computer industry, was established by a group of IBM 704 users in the Los Angeles area in 1955. The records document the SHARE group through proceedings of minutes, technical reports, by-laws, policies, projects, and subject files.

Repository: Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. archivescenter@si.edu 202-633-3270 www.americanhistory.si.edu/archives

Collection Number: AC0567

Processing Note: Processed by Brian Keough (intern), 1997 and Katrina Schoorl (intern), 2010; supervised by Alison Oswald, archivist.

INFORMATION FOR USERS OF THE COLLECTION

Conditions Governing Access: The collection is open for research use.

Conditions Governing Reproduction and Use: Copyright held by the Smithsonian Institution. Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: fees for commercial use.

Preferred Citation: [Title and date of item], SHARE Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, box number X, folder number XX, digital file number XXXXXXXX

 

IN-DEPTH INFORMATION ABOUT THE COLLECTION

Administrative/Biographical History: SHARE (Society to Help Avoid Redundant Effort), the first organized user group in the computer industry, was established by a group of IBM 704 users in the Los Angeles area in 1955. After IBM announced the introduction of the 704 in early 1955, MM installations recognized the need for a cooperative effort to prepare for the onset of new hardware. A similar group, the Project for the Advancement of Coding Techniques (PACT), had been formed in 1954 to improve computer productivity of the IBM 701. The spark for the creation of SHARE was a seminar conducted by the MM Applied Science on the new IBM 704. At the seminar, many users realized that they were more informed about IBM hardware than the IBM seminar instructors. After lunch on the day of the seminar, Jack Strong and Frank Wagner of North American Aviation, Lee Amaya of Lockheed, and Paul Armer of the Rand Corporation placed calls to all known 704 customers from a phone booth in Los Angeles to plan a meeting. The meeting was to bring together all 704 users for the purpose of cooperative planning for 704 installations. During the week of August 22, 1955, the first SHARE meeting (SHARE I) was held in the basement conference room of the RAND Corporation. Forty-six people, representing seventeen IBM 704 installations, were at the first meeting.

From the beginning SHARE's primary goals were to foster joint research and development, provide a forum for the exchange of ideas pertaining to computer science, facilitate the development of data processing standards and for dialogue with IBM hardware and software users, and promote the exchange of programs. During the ensuing years, SHARE held meetings biannually and various organizational policies and trends were established. SHARE III established basic rules of procedure and definition of membership. SHARE V, held in May 1956, established the practice of having smaller workshops at the meeting. At SHARE VII, members from Canada, France, and England were included and a formal set of by‑laws was created establishing SHARE as a formal organizational structure. In addition, SHARE VII initiated Standing Committees and an Executive Board. At SHARE IX, the hardware emphasis was combined with a focus on programming languages, translators, commercial data processing, and application packages. In April 1964, IBM announced the availability of the new System 360 and the next several years were focused on the OS/360, new time-sharing technology, and absorbing new members with application interests varying from the original SHARE members.

During 1968 and 1969, SHARE was planning for a merger with another user group, GUIDE. GUIDE was an IBM user group concerned with the 705 and the 7080. In 1969, the merger was voted down and this prompted a major restructuring of SHARE. An administrative office with full-time help was established, the by-laws were redrawn, and SHARE in its original form was dissolved and renamed SHARE Inc. The name change was completed at SHARE 34 in Denver, Colorado in March 1970. In practice, SHARE continued to function in the same way but with more precise definition of behavior and larger recognition of the information processing marketplace.

By 1986, members of SHARE represented the mainstream of the world's computer usagedevelopment. A substantial percentage of major users of high speed digital computing equipment now belong to SHARE. SHARE continues to provide users with a forum to gain knowledge from formal proceedings and informal conversations with colleagues having similar concerns. SHARE provides IBM with documented user requirements for developing new products and for modifying present hardware and software systems. SHARE has produced formal specifications to further define these requirements. Through SHARE procedures forestablishing such requirements and evaluating their relative costs and merits, IBM has received concise information about user needs.

Scope and Content: The collection documents the SHARE group through proceedings of minutes, technical reports, by-laws, policies, projects, and subject files.

Series 1, Proceedings of Meetings, 1958-1986, contains published proceedings of SHARE meetings.

Series 2, Share Secretary Distributions (SSD), 1958-1986, is a series of numerically arranged technical reports which SHARE distributed to its membership.

Series 3, Corporate Organization, 1970‑1973, contains information on the history of SHARE and includes membership lists, by-laws, policies, organizational practices, and projects and meeting dates.

Series 4, Computer Measurement and Evaluation Project, 1967-1984, contains bound volumes and newsletters about the Computer Measurement and Evaluation Project. The bound volumes are compendiums of select papers and Computer Measurement and Evaluation Newsletter. Members of the Computer Measurement & Evaluation Project wrote pieces for the newsletter and prepared open sessions for SHARE Meetings. The material in the bound volumes also appears in the SHARE Proceedings. The Computer Measurement and Evaluation Newsletter served as an impartial vehicle for stimulating innovation and application of new ideas in the area of computer performance measurement and evaluation.

Series 5, Committee on Graphic Requirements, 1965-1967, contains memoranda, correspondence, reports, and specifications from a SHARE committee related to problems associated with graphics. The committee was created to determine that areas of commercial and scientific applications for graphics were needed in order to better define system interfaces and software requirements.

Series 6, Subject Files, 1955-1979, contains memoranda, correspondence, reports, manuals, by-laws, contact sheets, meeting minutes, committee documentation and audio cassettes. The audio cassettes contained within this series relate to the SHARE Pioneer Days and commemorate the founding of SHARE as an organization. The files are arranged alphabetically.

System of Arrangement: This collection is divided into six series:

Series 1, Proceedings of Meetings, 1958-1986
Series 2, Share Secretary Distributions (SSD), 1958-1986
Series 3, Corporate Organization, 1970-1973
Series 4, Computer Measurement and Evaluation Project, 1967-1984
Series 5, Committee on Graphic Requirements, 1965-1967
Series 6, Subject Files, 1955-1979

Acquisition Information: This collection was donated by Morton and Maurine Bernstein, October, 1996.

Custodial History: Materials in document box 55 were transferred from the Division of Information Technology and Society.

Related Archival Materials: Computer Oral History Collection, 1969‑1973; 1977 and Share Numerical Analysis Project Records, 1964‑1970, located in the Archives Center.

Access Points:

Subject/Topical:
Computers—1950-2000

Form/Genre:
Audio cassettes
Correspondence
Manuals
Reports

CONTAINER LISTING

Box

Folder

 

 

 

Series 1, Proceedings of Meetings, 1958-1986

1

1

SHARE Meeting #1, August 22, 1955, RAND Corporation, Santa
Monica, California

 

 

SHARE Meeting #2, September 12, 1955, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 

 

SHARE Meeting #3, November 10, 1955, Boston, Massachusetts

 

 

SHARE Meeting #4, February 10, 1956, San Francisco, California

 

 

SHARE Meeting #5, April 20, 1956, New York City

 

 

SHARE Meeting #6, August 2-24, 1956, Denver, Colorado

 

 

SHARE Meeting #7, December 13, 1956, New York City

 

 

SHARE Meeting #8, April 24-26, 1957, Dallas, Texas

 

 

SHARE Meeting #9, October 1-3, 1958, San Diego, California

 

2

SHARE Meeting #10, February 26-28, 1958, Washington D.C.

 

3

SHARE Meeting# 11, September 10-12, 1958, San Francisco, California

 

4

SHARE Meeting #12, February 18-20, 1959, New York City

 

5

SHARE Meeting #13, August 19-21, 1959, Seattle, Washington

 

6

SHARE Meeting #15, September 11-16, 1960, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

 

7

SHARE Meeting #17, August 23-25, 1961, Washington D.C.

2

1

SHARE Meeting #19, September 10-14, 1962, Toronto, Canada

 

2-3

SHARE Meeting, #22, March 2-6, 1964, San Francisco, California

 

4

SHARE Meeting, #23, August 17-21, 1964, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 

5

SHARE Meeting, #24, March 1-5, 1965, Los Angeles, California

3

1

SHARE Meeting #25, August 16-20, 1965, Chicago, Illinois

 

2

SHARE Meeting #26, February 28 to March 4, 1966, San Diego, California

 

3

SHARE Meeting #28 February 13-17, 1967, San Francisco, California (Addendum)

4

1

SHARE Meeting #28, February 13-17, 1967, San Francisco, California

 

2

SHARE Meeting #29, August 14-18, 1967, Miami, Florida

5

1

SHARE Meeting #30, February 26 to March 1, 1968, Houston, Texas

 

2

SHARE Meeting #31, October 28 to November 1, 1968, Atlantic City, New Jersey (Vol. 2)

6

1

SHARE Meeting #31, October 28 to November 1, 1968, Atlantic City, New Jersey (Vol. 1)

 

2-3

SHARE Meeting #32, March 3-7, 1969, Los Angeles, California (Parts 1-2)

7

1-2

SHARE Meeting #33, August 18-22, 1969, Boston, Massachusetts (Parts1-2)

 

3

SHARE Meeting #34, March 2-6, 1970, Denver, Colorado (Vol. 1)

8

1-2

SHARE Meeting #34, March 2-6, 1970, Denver, Colorado (Vols. 2-3)

9

1

SHARE Meeting #35, August 17-21, 1970, Montreal, Canada

 

2-3

SHARE Meeting #36, March 8-12, 1971, Los Angeles, California

10

1-2

SHARE Meeting #38, March 6-10, 1972, San Francisco, California (Vols.1-2)

 

3

SHARE Meeting #39, August 7-11, 1972, Toronto, Canada (Vol. 1)

11

1

SHARE Meeting #39, August 7-11, 1972, Toronto, Canada (Vol. 2)

 

2-3

SHARE Meeting #40, March 5-9, 1973, Denver, Colorado (Vols. 1-2)

12

1-2

SHARE Meeting #41, August 13-17, 1973, Miami, Florida (Vols. 1-2)

 

3-4

SHARE Meeting #42, March 4-8, 1974, Houston, Texas (Vols. 1-2)

13

1

SHARE Meeting #42, March 4-8, 1974, Houston, Texas (Vol. 3)

 

2-3

SHARE Meeting #43, August 26-30, 1974, Chicago, Illinois (Vols. 1-2)

14

1

SHARE Meeting #43, August 26-30, 1974, Chicago, Illinois (Vol. 3)

 

2-3

SHARE Meeting #44, March 2-7, 1975, Los Angeles, California (Vols. 1-2)

15

1

SHARE Meeting #44, March 2-7, 1975, Los Angeles, California (Vol. 3)

 

2-3

SHARE Meeting #45, August 17-22, 1975, New York City, New York (Vols. 1-2)

16

1

SHARE Meeting #45, August 17-22, 1975, New York City, New York, (Vol. 3)

 

2-3

SHARE Meeting #46, February 22-27, 1976, San Francisco, California (Vols. 1-2)

17

1

SHARE Meeting #46, February 22-27, 1976, San Francisco, California (Vol. 3)

 

2-4

SHARE Meeting #47, August 15-20, 1976, Montreal, Canada (3 Vol.)

18

 

SHARE Meeting #48, March 6-11, 1977, Houston, Texas (Vols. 1-3)

19

1-3

SHARE Meeting #49, August 21-26, 1977, Washington, D.C. (Vols. 1-3)

20

1-3

SHARE Meeting #50, March 5-10, 1978, Denver, Colorado (Vols. 1-3)

21

1-2

SHARE Meeting #51, August 20-25, 1978, Boston, Massachusetts (Vol.1, Vol. 2 (book 1), Vol. 2 (book 2)

22

1-3

SHARE Meeting #52, March 18-23, 1979, San Francisco, California (Vol.1, Vol. 2 (book 1), Vol. 2 (book 2)

23

1-4

SHARE Meeting #53, August 26-31, 1979, New York City, New York, (Preliminary Agenda, Vol. 1, Vol. 2 (book 1), Vol. 2 (book 2)

24

1-4

SHARE Meeting #54 March 2-7, 1980, Anaheim, California (Preliminary Agenda, Vol. 1, Vol. 2 (book 1), Vol. 2 (book 2)

25

1-2

SHARE Meeting #55, August 17-22, 1980, Atlanta, Georgia

 

3

SHARE Meeting #56, March 8-13, 198 1, Houston, Texas

 

4

SHARE Meeting # 57, August 23-28, 1981, Chicago, Illinois

 

5

SHARE Meeting #60, February 20-25, 1983, San Francisco, California

25A

1

SHARE Meeting #55, August 17-22, 1980, Atlanta, Georgia
Original Tape Cassettes( 567.5-6)

26

1

SHARE Meeting #62, March 4-9, 1984, Anaheim, California

 

2

SHARE Meeting #63, August 12-17, 1984, Miami, Florida

 

3

SHARE Meeting #66, March 16-21, 1986, Anaheim, California

 

 

Series 2, Share Secretary Distributions (SSD), 1958-1986

27

 

# 1-31, October 1956-May 1958

28

 

#32-49, May 1958-April 1959

29

 

#50-68, March 1959 -March 1960

30

 

#69-84, April 1960-May 1961

31

 

#85-98, May 1961-December 1962

32

 

#99-100, 105-114, December 1962-October 1963

33

 

#115-123, December 1963-July 1964

34

 

#124-135, August 1964-May 1965

35

 

#136-146, June 1965-February 1966

36

 

#147-157, March 1966-September 1966

37

 

#158-187, November 1966-October 1971

38

 

#188-203, November 1968-April 1970

39

 

#204-215, May 1970-October 1971

40

 

#216, 218-232, November 1971-February 1973

41

 

#233-247, March 1973-June 1974

42

 

#248-260, 262-265, August 1974-May 1976

43

 

#266-282, June 1976-January 1978

44

 

#283-295, February 1978-July 1979

45

 

#296-299, 301, 303-305, 307-308, 311-314, July 1979-October 1981

46

 

#315-320, 322-328, December 1981-June 1983

47

 

#329, 331-337, 339, 341-342, 344-350, August 1983-October 1986

48

1

Correspondence from Secretary to Membership, 1957-1958

 

2

Correspondence from Secretary to Membership, 1959-1960

 

3

Correspondence from Secretary to Membership, 1961-1962, 1970, 1972

 

 

Series 3, Corporate Organization, 1965-1973

 

4

Introduction to SHARE, 1964;1973

 

5

Membership List, 1973

 

6

Officers, Projects, and Meeting Dates, 1970-1973

 

7

Bylaws and Government, 1973

 

8

SHARE Project Descriptions, 1973

 

9

Programming Standards and Conventions, 1973

 

10

Standardization Activities, 1973

 

11

Distribution Standards and Procedures, 1965-1970; 1973

 

12

SHARE Policies and Practices, 1973

 

13

Bibliography, 1973

 

14

SHARE History and Background, 1973

 

15

Project Managers Operations Manual, 1973

 

16

Submittals, 1965-1973

49

1

Keyword Index, 1966

 

2

Subject Code Index, 1966

 

3

SHARE Classification Codes, undated

 

4

SHARE Distribution Reference List, undated

 

5

Abstracts of EDPM Programs, 1966

 

 

Series 4, Computer Measurement and Evaluation Project, 1967-1984

 

6

Selected Papers from the Project, October 1967-October 1971

 

7

Selected Papers from the Project, November 1971-December 1973

50

1

Selected Papers from the Project, December 1973-March 1975

 

2

Selected Papers from the Project, April 1975-September 1976

 

3

Selected Papers from the Project, April 1980-July 1982

51

1

Selected Papers from the Project, October 1982-June 1984

 

2

Newsletter, January 1974, May 1974, July 1974, November 1974

 

 

Series 5, Committee on Graphic Requirements, 1965-1967

51A

1

List of committee members, undated

 

2-4

Correspondence, 1965-January 1967

 

5

Notes, 1966

 

6

Final Report to Committee, 1966

 

7

Bibliography on Graphic Data Processing, undated

 

8

Design study on graphic support, 1966

 

9

Language for 3-Dimensional Geometric, 1965

 

10

Preliminary Specifications/2250 display console, 1965

 

11

MM Operating System 360, 1965

 

12

IBM 360 System/2250 Display unit/2840 display, undated

 

13

IBM 360 System/2250 display unit model I, undated

52

1

ALGOL, Preliminary Report, 1960

 

2

ALGOL, General, 1960

 

3

ALGOL, SHARE, 1960-1961

 

4-5

ALGOL, Maintenance, 1960-1961

 

6

ALGOL, Bulletin, 1960-1961

 

7

ALGOL, SHARE Committee, 1959-1960

53

1

Ferranti Pegasus Computers, 1955

 

2

GAMMA 60, undated

 

3-4

Historical-Pioneer Day, 1980

 

5

IBM-Reference Manuals, 1962-1963, 1969

 

6

RAND, Information Processing Language Manual, 1960, 1963

 

7

SHARE by-laws, 1970-1973

 

 

Series 6, Subject files, 1955-1979

54

1

SHARE Reference Manuals, 1956

 

2

SHARE Reference Manuals, 1973

 

3

SHARE Reference Manuals, 1979

55

1

ALGOL Committee, 1959-1960

 

2

Membership, 1959-1960

 

3

Relationship with IBM, 1959-1960

 

4

Executive Board, 1959-1960

 

5

Committees, 1959-1960

 

6

Joint User Group Committee, 1959-1960

 

7

Executive Board Meetings and Agenda, 1959-1960

 

8

Incorporation of SHARE 14 Meeting, 1959-1960

 

9

SHARE meetings, 1959-1960

 

10

SHARE Operating System (SOS) Controversy, 1959‑1960

 

11

Standards, 1959-1960

 

12

Miscellaneous, 1956-1960

 

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Revised: February 19, 2010