Guide to the John Bucheimer Papers
NMAH.AC.0889

Administrative Information

Repository Information

Archives Center, National Museum of American History, 2006

P.O. Box 37012
 Suite 1100, MRC 601
 Washington, D.C., 20013-7012
 Phone: 202-633-3270
 archivescenter@si.edu

Conditions Governing Access note

The collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use note

Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

The collection was donated by John Bucheimer on April 26, 2005.

Processing Information note

Processed by Alison Oswald, archivist, 2006.

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Summary Information

Repository
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Creator - (creator,
Bucheimer, John
Title
John Bucheimer Papers
ID
NMAH.AC.0889
Date [inclusive]
1954-1977
Extent
4.00 Cubic feet; 11 boxes, 21 reels of film, 4 oversize folders, and samples of ski sections
Language
English
Abstract
Papers relate to John Bucheimer’s work as manager of new product manufacturing in the Engineering Department at Head Ski Company.

Preferred Citation note

John Bucheimer Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.

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Biographical/Historical note

John Bucheimer was born on December 7, 1919. During the 1940s, he worked with Howard Head at Glenn L. Martin Company, an aircraft company founded by aviation pioneer Glenn L. Martin (1886-1955) in Middle River, Maryland. At Martin, Bucheimer supervised work on planes and oversaw structural testing. Primarily self taught, he learned electronics and drafting skills on the job. Head left the Glenn L. Martin Company to start his own company, Head Ski Company in 1948, and Bucheimer joined him.

Head, a former aircraft engineer, developed, designed, manufactured, and marketed the first metal laminate skis in 1950 called the “Head Standard. These skis revolutionized the industry. They were made of two layers of aluminum bonded around a core of plywood at very high pressure; the outer layer was made of plastic. By 1952, Head introduced skis with edges made of tempered steel. His skis were lighter and faster than wood and earned the nickname “cheaters” by the industry. In 1969, Head introduced a fiberglass/metal ski, but this ski combined with a diversified product line of javelin and aluminum tennis rackets could not strengthen his company nor stop a takeover by AMF in 1970.

At Head Ski Company, Bucheimer held the position of manager of new products manufacturing. He trained employees on every aspect of work flow.

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Scope and Contents note

These records were assembled and saved by John Bucheimer in conjunction with his work at Head Ski Company. The bulk of the records relates to engineering matters and detail how the skis were manufactured. The records also provide insight into the daily operations and activities of the Head Ski Company factory.

Series 1, Operational Records, 1967-1973, include an organizational chart, company and management profile, annual reports, inter office correspondence, memoranda, management notes, the Management News Bulletin, and plant information. The organizational chart of 1969 provides the job title and name of the employee for specific positions within Head Ski Company, Head Ski and Sportswear, American Athletic Equipment, Wayne Plastics, Wing Archery, and Head International AG.

This series contains the Management News Bulletin, 1967-1970. An internal communication from the president, the news bulletin provided a forum for announcements, resignations, work plans, reorganizations, organizational charts, employee changes, and general work flow issues. While small in size, the content is rich for getting a sense of the management style at Head Ski Company.

The management notes, 1968-1971, are handwritten by Bucheimer and contain information on training, responsibilities, manufacturing expenses, production schedules, regional sales meetings, and job postings. There are a few management pamphlets published by the Economic Press, Inc. These pamphlets provided “tips” to managers. Also, the management notes contain two union fliers addressing the issue of union dues. Both fliers urge employees to “keep your take home pay free from Union dues. Vote no union.” Other materials include inventories of office surplus and plant information. There are instructions of how to conduct a tour of the plant and ADT protective service documentation. Bucheimer was the designated ADT card holder for the company.

Series 2, Employee Records, 1957-1973, consist of employee handbooks and insurance materials, a job description for manager of manufacturing projects, and vacation schedules for several employees. Some salary information is here.

Series 3, Marketing/Sales Records, 1969-1972, includes one catalog from 1972, three news releases, sales information, and ski show and shipment information. The ski show materials document specific shows—Canada, Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York—and the ski models displayed and, in some instances, orders placed. The special shipments, 1969-1971, include invoices, correspondence, notes, and material move tickets for companies such as Cell Pack, Ltd., Standard Metalwerke, Dura Fiber Corp., and United Shoe Machinery Corp.

Series 4, Financial/Accounting Records, 1967-1971, contains reports, inventories, expenses, and some payroll information. The majority of these records date from September 1969 to October of 1969. The expense statements reveal how much was budgeted and spent for materials, direct labor, payroll taxes, Christmas bonuses, travel, postage, maintenance, and ski parts, to name a few categories. There is some payroll information with the payroll control sheets.

Series 5, Engineering/Manufacturing Records, 1956-1977, comprise the largest and richest series within the collection. The records are subdivided into seven subseries: inventories, instructions, repair information, reports, drawings and specifications, testing information, and miscellaneous.

The inventories provide valuable information on the types of materials used, the quantities, and in some instances the cost. The raw material inventory of 1967 details material types (e.g. glue, plywood, aluminum, poles, saw blades), account numbers, date, quantity, price and actual cost. Like the raw material inventory, the perpetual inventory of 1966 is divided according to material type (e.g. aluminum, plastic, cloth tape, wood, rubber, steel) unit measure (typically in pounds), conversion factor, dates, and a balance amount.

The instructions include detailed information on “how to” for a variety of operations such as aluminum sandblasting bottom ski skin assembly, degreasing nosepieces, and sanding, gluing, and cutting “L” steel edges. The instructions consist of a workplace layout diagram, tools needed, and step by-step instruction elements. Of note is the material flow processes for the company. There are flow charts for each operational sequence performed. There are photographs of equipment with the flow charts, but they are not keyed to specific operational tasks.

The repair information contains procedures and lists of parts for skis. The repair procedures describe the repair needed and what model ski is affected. A detailed description of the repair is documented along with the materials required, tools, and how effective the repair was. The repairs documented here include finishing, grinding, bottom waxing, replacing edges, inlays, and remolding. The company had a program titled “rework” that handled returned skis. Many of the skis documented appear to have had cavity problems and were sent back to be remolded. There is some ski rejection analysis documentation citing why skis are being sent to the rework program. Additional information on cavity problems and production is also here. The parts list, 1969-1970, details various parts used on ski models JR-90, JR-60, 720-TA, 320-W, 240-B, K-short ski, deep powder-DP, Giant Slalom, slalom, 360-AR, 320-E and the downhill models. The part number and name, quantity, and any remarks are provided.

The reports, logs, and notes subseries contain manufacturing and production notes, and a variety of reports documenting engineering department activities. The inter-shift reports, 1963-1967, were maintained in spiral bound shorthand notebooks. They detail daily activities, operational suggestions, reminders to staff, materials available, and what work needs to be completed. Other reports include accidents, 1958-1961, and quality control reports, 1970-1971, which were created daily to provide detailed information on all aspects of the skis at final inspection time. The number of skis inspected with percentage information is summarized. The non-conforming material recovery reports, 1970, give the reasons why skis were rejected and indicate if skis were returned to vendors or used “as is.”

The drawings and specifications, 1964-1970, are comprised of oversize drawings ranging from 8” x 10” to 34” x 43 _”. The drawings are copies and include information on the short, slalom, giant slalom, downhill, and deep powder skis. The finished ski specifications, 1964-1967, document material types, assembly and subassembly procedures, ski data, ski poles, packaging material, and miscellaneous material. For each specification there is a corresponding instruction/narrative and, in some instances, a drawing.

The testing documentation is material specific (rubber, steel, plastic, adhesives) or ski model specific. It provides some insight into what materials the company worked with and under what conditions, such as, pulling, heating, or actual pilot ski runs. The suppliers, 1971-1973, include forms, receipts, bills, invoices, correspondence, receiving tickets, and descriptive inventories from companies that Head Ski Co. purchased supplies from.

Series 6, The General Files, 1954-1977, cover a variety of miscellaneous topics, such as the National Ski Patrol and postage, and are arranged alphabetically.

Series 7, Moving Image, no date, consists of twenty-one reels of 16 mm film which are unprocessed.

Series 8, Personal Materials, circa 1960s, contain greeting cards and notes and a photograph of Bucheimer with Howard Head.

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Arrangement note

Collection organized into eight series.

Series 1: Operational Records, 1967-1973

Series 2: Employee Records, 1957-1973

Series 3: Marketing/Sales Records, 1969-1972

Series 4: Financial/Accounting Records, 1967-1971

Series 5: Engineering/Manufacturing Records, 1956-1977

Subseries 1, Inventories, 1966-1971

Subseries 2, Instructions, 1967-1970

Subseries 3, Repair Information, 1969-1971

Subseries 4, Reports, logs, and notes, 1956-1971

Subseries 5, Drawings and Specifications, 1964-1970

Subseries 6, Testing Information, 1963-1970

Subseries 7, Miscellaneous, 1967-1973

Series 6: General Files, 1954-1977

Series 7: Moving Image, no date

Series 8: Personal Materials, circa 1960s

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

Materials in the Archives Center

Howard Head Papers, 1926-1991, AC0589

Materials in the National Museum of American History

The Division of Culture and the Arts, formerly the Division of Music, Sports, and Entertainment, holds artifacts related to the Howard Head Papers. These artifacts include downhill skis, ski poles, ski boots, ski bindings, and cross sections of downhill skis.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Head Ski Company.

Genre(s)

  • Audiovisual materials
  • Blueprints--1950-2000.
  • Business records--1950-2000.
  • Correspondence--1950-2000
  • Drawings--20th century
  • Financial records--20th century.
  • Photographs--Black-and-white photoprints--Silver gelatin--1950-2000

Personal Name(s)

  • Head, Howard, 1914-1991

Subject(s)

  • Skis and skiing
  • Sporting goods industry

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Collection Inventory

 Series 1: Operational Records, 1967-1973

Box Folder

Organizational chart, 1969

1 1

Company profile, 1968

1 2

Management profile, 1968

1 3

Annual reports, 1968-1969

1 4

Interoffice correspondence, 1971-1972

1 5

Memos, 1967-1970

1 6

Management News Bulletin, 1967-1970

1 7

Management notes, 1968, 1969

1 8

Management notes, 1970

1 9

Management notes, 1961

1 10

Inventory, 1972

1 11

Office surplus list for Timonium, Maryland office, 1971-1972

1 12

Statistical Control Department Inventory Transaction Procedures, 1964-1965

1 13

Plant Tour guide, [1969?]

1 14

Plant Security ADT Electric Protection Services, 1968-1973

1 15

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 Series 2: Employee Records, 1957-1973

Box Folder

Employee handbook and insurance information, 1957-1972 (not inclusive)

2 1

Job descriptions, undated

2 2

Vacation schedules, 1969, 1971

2 3

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 Series 3: Marketing/Sales Records, 1969-1972

Box Folder

Catalog, 1972

2 4

News releases, undated

2 5

Sales and disbursements for Head Ski Co. in Boulder, CO, 1972

2 6

Final sales for Head Ski Co. in Timonium, MD, 1973

2 7

Sales information, 1972 September-December

2 8

Bids on non-capital items, 1972

2 9

Ski shows (Canada, Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York), 1969

2 10

Ski show order, 1969-1971

2 11

Ski show paint/silk screen, undated

2 12

Special shipments, 1969-1971

2 13

Shipment to J.F. Cowan Association, 1969

2 14

Shipment of cut sections of skis, 1971

2 15

Ski Division give away order, 1970

2 16

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 Series 4: Financial/Accounting Records, 1967-1971

Box Folder

Composite Reports, 1969 October 11

4 1

Detail List Inventory, 1969 September 13

4 2

Expense statements, 1969 September 13

4 3

Materials price variance report, 1969 September 13

4 4

Materials price variance report, 1969 October 11

4 5

Unmatched accounts payable, 1969 September 13

4 6

Finished goods inventory count, 1969 September 13

4 7

Finished goods inventory count, 1969 October 11

4 8

Finished goods inventory evaluation, 1969 September 13

4 9

Finished goods inventory evaluation, 1969 October 11

5 1

Finished goods weekly stock status, 1969 October 11

5 2

Raw materials and manufacturing supplies inventory evaluation, 1969 September 12

5 3

Raw materials and manufacturing supplies inventory evaluation, 1969 October 11

5 4

Raw materials and manufacturing supplies, receipts and returns recap, 1969 September 12

5 5

Value of raw materials and manufacturing supplies, receipts and returns reports, 1969 September 12

5 6

Value of raw materials and manufacturing supplies, receipts and returns reports, 1969 October 11

5 7

Unidentified, 1968

5 8

Fixed assets-special tool and fixture supply and machine tool surplus, 1971

2 17

Payroll control sheets, 1967 March 10-1969 August 23

2 18

Securities and Exchange Commission registration statement, 1968

2 19

Voucher control sheets, 1967 March 1-October 10

3 1

Voucher control sheets, 1967 October 13-1968 September 6

3 2

Voucher control sheets, 1968 September 9-December 10

3 3

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 Series 5: Engineering/Manufacturing Records, 1956-1977

 Subseries 1: Inventories, 1966-1971

Box Folder

Raw material inventory, 1967

3 4-7

Perpetual inventory, 1966-1967

3 8

Perpetual inventory, 1966-1967

6 1

Material move tickets, 1969 September-1970 September

6 2

Material move tickets, 1970 October-November

6 3

Scrap inventory, 1970

6 4

Miscellaneous inventory transfers, 1970

6 5

Miscellaneous inventories, 1970-1971

6 6

 Subseries 2: Instructions, 1967-1970

Box Folder

Material flow process (includes photographs), 1968

6 7

Standard operation instructions, 1967 August-September

6 8

Standard operation instructions, 1967 October

6 9

Standard operation instructions, 1967 November, undated

6 10

Operational breakdown for HRP 100, 1970

6 11

Binding instructions, undated

6 12

 Subseries 3: Repair Information, 1969-1971

Box Folder

Repair procedure forms, undated

7 1

Repair procedures, 1969

7 2

Repair procedures, 1969-1971

7 3-4

Parts list for skis, 1969-1970

7 5

Parts list for skis, 1970

7 6

Parts list for skis, 1971

7 7

Change notices, 1970

7 8

Log of rework skis out, 1969

7 9

Rework information, 1969

7 10

Recovery (rework) information, 1969-1970

7 11

Skis sent back to rework, 1969

7 12

Rework on the Killy 800 ski, 1969-1971

7 13

Material recovery program, 1969-1970

7 14

Cavity problems, 1967

7 15

Cavity production, 1969

7 16

New product cavities, 1969

8 1

Cavity program (GS 800/AR 800 model), 1970

8 2

New cavity program (203 GS Killy model), 1970

8 3

 Subseries 4: Reports, Logs, and Notes, 1956-1971

Box Folder

Manufacturing and productions notes, 1967-1971

8 4

Memorandum, 1969-1970

8 5

Daily log, 1956

8 6

Intershift reports, 1964 January 17-1965 May 8

8 7

Intershift reports, 1963 April 24-1964 September 8

8 8

Intershift reports, 1964 September 8-1965 April 30

8 9

Intershift reports, 1965 September 3-1967 March 13

8 10

Accident reports (1st and 2nd shifts), 1958-1961

9 1

Paint log, 1970

9 2

Nonconforming material reports, 1970

9 3

Quality control reports, 1970-1971

9 4

Weekly man hour report, undated

9 5

Unidentified log book, undated

9 6

 Subseries 5: Drawings and Specifications, 1964-1970

Box Folder

Finished ski specifications, 1964-1967

9 7

Special ski specifications, 1970

9 8

Specifications for "L edge steel, 1970

9 9

Specification deviation requests/authorizations, 1970

9 10
Map-case Drawer Folder

Miscellaneous specifications, 1968

1 3 1

Subassembly and assembly molding, 1967-1968

1 3 2

Ski details, 1967-1968

1 3 3

Drawings of finished skis, 1968

1 3 4

Drawings of finished skis, 1970

1 3 5

 Subseries 6: Testing Information, 1963-1970

Box Folder

Cyclized rubber, 1970

9 11

Flexible steel, 1969

9 12

Formica plastic, 1969-1970

9 13

Glue test data, 1963

9 14

HSTM 105 bond test, undated

9 15

Model 240 ski, 1969-1970

9 16

Neoprene and steel, 1970

9 17

Photovolt meter readings on red top plastic, 1970

10 1

PTEX plug, undated

10 2

Photographs of general tests, undated

10 3

Steel bond, undated

10 4

 Subseries 7: Miscellaneous, 1967-1973

Box Folder

Problem solving program, 1969-1970

10 5

Productive and Non-Productive time sheets, 1967

10 6

Shell epoxy, 1969-1970

10 7

Shell molding, 1969

10 8

Special tooling, 1969-1970

10 9

Suppliers, 1971-1973

10 10

V-2 film/M 373 bond master adhesive, 1967-1970

10 11

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 Series 6: General Files, 1954-1977

Box Folder

Canadian materials returned, 1969

10 12

Canadian ski information, 1967-1969

10 13

Dictabelts of Jim Mitchell, undated

10 14

Killy ski 800, 1970-1971

10 15

National Ski Patrol serial numbers, 1970

10 16

Photo and Print Shop Department, 1969

10 17

Postage meter reading, 1971

10 18

Rubber and Asbestos Corp., 1954-1956

10 19

Safety Committee, 1967

10 20

Tennis line for Head Ski Co., Inc., 1969-1977

10 21

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 Series 7: Moving Image, undated

Reel
OF 889.1-21

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 Series 8: Personal Materials, circa 1960s

Box Folder

Greeting cards and notes, undated

10 22

Photograph: From left to right, Howard Head, John Bucheimer and two unidentified men, circa 1960s

10 23

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