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OVERVIEW OF THE COLLECTION

Title: Jean Bartel Miss America 1943 Photographs

Collection Date(s): 1943-1970, undated

Extent and Forms of Material: .66 cubic feet, (2 boxes)

Creator: Jean Bartel

Abstract: Photographs of Jean Bartel during the Miss America Pageant in 1943 and her activities during her reign.

Repository: Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.archivescenter@si.edu 202-633-3270 www.americanhistory.si.edu/archives

Collection Number: AC0902

Processing Note: Processed by Ramona Williamson (volunteer), Kiley Orchard (intern), 2008; supervised by Vanessa Broussard Simmons, archivist, 2008.

 

INFORMATION FOR USERS OF THE COLLECTION

Conditions Governing Access: The collection is open for research use.

Physical Access: Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves.

Conditions Governing Reproduction and Use: Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: fees for commercial use. All duplication requests must be reviewed and approved by Archives Center staff.

 Preferred Citation: Title and date of item, Jean Bartel Miss America 1943 Photographs, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, box number X, folder number XX, digital file number XXXXXXXX

 

IN-DEPTH INFORMATION ABOUT THE COLLECTION

Biographical History: Jean Bartel was born in Los Angeles, California, in 1924. She was strongly encouraged by her parents to follow her dream of performing on Broadway. Bartel entered the Miss America Pageant in 1943 after she learned that the financial backer of Oklahoma, Horace Schmidlapp, was going to be a pageant judge. For the talent portion of the competition, she sang Cole Porter's Night and Day and won the title of Miss America.

During her reign as Miss America, Bartel was given many opportunities to combine her love for singing and traveling. Her talent was often used to entertain American troops. Bartel also was involved in a b ond-selling tour and was honored by the United States Treasury Department as the individual who sold the most Series E Bonds that year. Women purchased most of the two and one half million dollars of these bonds.

After she relinquished the title, Bartel performed for radio and television traveling to South America, the Middle East, Europe, Canada, and in every state except Maine. Bartel was the first Miss America to star in a Broadway musical, Of Thee I Sing, in 1952.

Bartel met William J. Hogue while she was working for Japanese television and he was a consultant for the Mitsubishi Company. They were married in Kyoto, Japan, in 1970. Bartel continued to perform on the stage. She also worked for American television appearing in programs including The Red Skelton Show, The Danny ThomasShow, Perry Mason, Robert Montgomery Theatre, The Ed Wynn Show, Stop the Music, The Milton Berle Show, and Broadway TV Theatre. She also did television work in Paris, Cannes, London, Beirut, Athens, Rio de Janeiro, San Paulo, Hong Kong, Tokyo, and Scandinavia. Bartel received a special showing of It's a Woman's World at the Montreux International Television Festival in Switzerland in which she was the host and star. Other television and feature film work included The Rockford Files and The Debtors.

In 2001, Bartel lost her husband of thirty-one years. Bartel currently owns Jean Bartel and Associates, an international travel consultation firm. She resides in Los Angeles, California and continues to be active in church work, the Academy of Television Arts and Science, the Hollywood Radio and Television Society and in supporting the Veteran’s Cemetery.

Scope and Content: This collection primarily documents Bartel’s reign as Miss America from 1943-1944. There are some photographs of the Miss America pageant including images of other contestants and Atlantic City, New Jersey. In addition, there are a few photographs of Bartel after her reign ended.

System of Arrangement: The collection is arranged in three series.

Series 1, Miss America Competition, 1943, consists of photographs taken during the Miss America pageant in Atlantic City, New Jersey. The photographs are arranged by the activity during the competition.

Series 2, Miss America Reign, 1943-1944, consists of photographs taken during the year Bartel served as Miss America and highlights her travels around the country. Notably featured is New York, where Bartel visited Leon and Eddie’s nightclub, the Waldorf Astoria, Madison Square Garden, Stage Door Canteen, and the Empire State Building. Also included is a signed note from Eddie Davis, owner of Leon and Eddie’s. Bartel is photographed visiting with various people and participating in a variety of events. The series ends as she crowns Miss America 1944, Venus Ramey. The materials are arranged in chronological order.

Series 3, Post Miss America, 1954, 1970, undated, includes photographs taken after Bartel’s reign as Miss America. The photographs mostly document her professional career as an actress. There is one photograph of her wedding in 1970. The materials are arranged in chronological order.

 Acquisition Information: Jean Bartel donated this collection in 2005.

Related Archival Materials: This collection complements the Papers of Yolande Betbeze: Miss America 1951.

Related Artifacts: Bartel donated her Miss America crown to the Museum’s Division of Sports, Entertainment and Leisure accession number: 2005.3069.

Access Points:

Subject/Names:
Bartel, Jean
Miss America
Montand, Yves

Subject/Topical:
Beauty contestants
Beauty contests -- United States

Form/Genre:
Photographs -- 1940-1950
Photoprints -- Silver gelatin

Geographic:
Atlantic City (N.J.)
Boston, ( Mass.)
Bridgeport ( Conn.)
Buffalo (N.Y.)
Indianapolis ( Ind.)
Kansas City ( Mo.)
Lincoln ( Neb.)
Louisville ( Ky.)
Los Angeles ( Calif.)
Milwaukee ( Wis.)
New Orleans (LA)
New York (N.Y.)
Oklahoma ( Okla.)
Philadelphia ( Pa.)
Richmond ( Va.)
Saint Paul ( Minn.)
Salt Lake City ( Utah)
Washington, D.C.

CONTAINER LISTING

Box

Folder

 

 

 

Series 1, Miss America Competition, 1943

1

 

Swimsuits

 

 

Evening gowns

 

 

Talent

 

 

Finalists in ethnic costumes

 

 

Runway walk

 

 

Newly crowned

 

 

Court of Honor

 

 

Series 2, Miss America Reign, 1943-1944

 

 

New York, New York

 

 

Bridgeport, Connecticut

2

 

Boston, Massachusetts

 

 

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 

 

Washington, D.C.

 

 

Richmond, Virginia

 

 

Louisville, Kentucky

 

 

Indianapolis, Indiana

 

 

Ohio

 

 

Buffalo, New York

 

 

Milwaukee, Wisconsin

 

 

Saint Paul, Minnesota

 

 

New Orleans, Louisiana

 

 

Kansas City

 

 

Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

 

 

Lincoln, Nebraska

 

 

Salt Lake City, Utah

 

 

Los Angeles, California

 

 

Atlantic City, New Jersey

 

 

Series 3, Post Miss America, 1954, 1970, undated

 

 

Image from Glamourama, 1954 September 3

 

 

Image from performance of Sally, Los Angeles Philharmonic Auditorium, undated

 

 

Bartel with Yves Montand, undated

 

 

Wedding, Japan, 1970

 

 

 

 

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Revised: November 12, 2009