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Title: Jean Bartel Miss America 1943 Photographs

Collection Date(s): 1943-1970, undated

Extent and Forms of Material: .66 cubic feet, (2 boxes)

Creator: Jean Bartel

Abstract: Photographs of Jean Bartel during the Miss America Pageant in 1943 and her activities during her reign.

Repository: Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, 202-633-3270

Collection Number: AC0902

Processing Note: Processed by Ramona Williamson (volunteer), Kiley Orchard (intern), 2008; supervised by Vanessa Broussard Simmons, archivist, 2008.



Conditions Governing Access: The collection is open for research use.

Physical Access: Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves.

Conditions Governing Reproduction and Use: Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: fees for commercial use. All duplication requests must be reviewed and approved by Archives Center staff.

 Preferred Citation: Title and date of item, Jean Bartel Miss America 1943 Photographs, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, box number X, folder number XX, digital file number XXXXXXXX



Biographical History: Jean Bartel was born in Los Angeles, California, in 1924. She was strongly encouraged by her parents to follow her dream of performing on Broadway. Bartel entered the Miss America Pageant in 1943 after she learned that the financial backer of Oklahoma, Horace Schmidlapp, was going to be a pageant judge. For the talent portion of the competition, she sang Cole Porter's Night and Day and won the title of Miss America.

During her reign as Miss America, Bartel was given many opportunities to combine her love for singing and traveling. Her talent was often used to entertain American troops. Bartel also was involved in a b ond-selling tour and was honored by the United States Treasury Department as the individual who sold the most Series E Bonds that year. Women purchased most of the two and one half million dollars of these bonds.

After she relinquished the title, Bartel performed for radio and television traveling to South America, the Middle East, Europe, Canada, and in every state except Maine. Bartel was the first Miss America to star in a Broadway musical, Of Thee I Sing, in 1952.

Bartel met William J. Hogue while she was working for Japanese television and he was a consultant for the Mitsubishi Company. They were married in Kyoto, Japan, in 1970. Bartel continued to perform on the stage. She also worked for American television appearing in programs including The Red Skelton Show, The Danny ThomasShow, Perry Mason, Robert Montgomery Theatre, The Ed Wynn Show, Stop the Music, The Milton Berle Show, and Broadway TV Theatre. She also did television work in Paris, Cannes, London, Beirut, Athens, Rio de Janeiro, San Paulo, Hong Kong, Tokyo, and Scandinavia. Bartel received a special showing of It's a Woman's World at the Montreux International Television Festival in Switzerland in which she was the host and star. Other television and feature film work included The Rockford Files and The Debtors.

In 2001, Bartel lost her husband of thirty-one years. Bartel currently owns Jean Bartel and Associates, an international travel consultation firm. She resides in Los Angeles, California and continues to be active in church work, the Academy of Television Arts and Science, the Hollywood Radio and Television Society and in supporting the Veteran’s Cemetery.

Scope and Content: This collection primarily documents Bartel’s reign as Miss America from 1943-1944. There are some photographs of the Miss America pageant including images of other contestants and Atlantic City, New Jersey. In addition, there are a few photographs of Bartel after her reign ended.

System of Arrangement: The collection is arranged in three series.

Series 1, Miss America Competition, 1943, consists of photographs taken during the Miss America pageant in Atlantic City, New Jersey. The photographs are arranged by the activity during the competition.

Series 2, Miss America Reign, 1943-1944, consists of photographs taken during the year Bartel served as Miss America and highlights her travels around the country. Notably featured is New York, where Bartel visited Leon and Eddie’s nightclub, the Waldorf Astoria, Madison Square Garden, Stage Door Canteen, and the Empire State Building. Also included is a signed note from Eddie Davis, owner of Leon and Eddie’s. Bartel is photographed visiting with various people and participating in a variety of events. The series ends as she crowns Miss America 1944, Venus Ramey. The materials are arranged in chronological order.

Series 3, Post Miss America, 1954, 1970, undated, includes photographs taken after Bartel’s reign as Miss America. The photographs mostly document her professional career as an actress. There is one photograph of her wedding in 1970. The materials are arranged in chronological order.

 Acquisition Information: Jean Bartel donated this collection in 2005.

Related Archival Materials: This collection complements the Papers of Yolande Betbeze: Miss America 1951.

Related Artifacts: Bartel donated her Miss America crown to the Museum’s Division of Sports, Entertainment and Leisure accession number: 2005.3069.

Access Points:

Bartel, Jean
Miss America
Montand, Yves

Beauty contestants
Beauty contests -- United States

Photographs -- 1940-1950
Photoprints -- Silver gelatin

Atlantic City (N.J.)
Boston, ( Mass.)
Bridgeport ( Conn.)
Buffalo (N.Y.)
Indianapolis ( Ind.)
Kansas City ( Mo.)
Lincoln ( Neb.)
Louisville ( Ky.)
Los Angeles ( Calif.)
Milwaukee ( Wis.)
New Orleans (LA)
New York (N.Y.)
Oklahoma ( Okla.)
Philadelphia ( Pa.)
Richmond ( Va.)
Saint Paul ( Minn.)
Salt Lake City ( Utah)
Washington, D.C.







Series 1, Miss America Competition, 1943






Evening gowns






Finalists in ethnic costumes



Runway walk



Newly crowned



Court of Honor



Series 2, Miss America Reign, 1943-1944



New York, New York



Bridgeport, Connecticut



Boston, Massachusetts



Philadelphia, Pennsylvania



Washington, D.C.



Richmond, Virginia



Louisville, Kentucky



Indianapolis, Indiana






Buffalo, New York



Milwaukee, Wisconsin



Saint Paul, Minnesota



New Orleans, Louisiana



Kansas City



Oklahoma City, Oklahoma



Lincoln, Nebraska



Salt Lake City, Utah



Los Angeles, California



Atlantic City, New Jersey



Series 3, Post Miss America, 1954, 1970, undated



Image from Glamourama, 1954 September 3



Image from performance of Sally, Los Angeles Philharmonic Auditorium, undated



Bartel with Yves Montand, undated



Wedding, Japan, 1970





Revised: November 12, 2009