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OVERVIEW OF THE COLLECTION

Title: Anthony R. Lanza World War II Papers

Collection Date(s): 1925-1946 (bulk 1940s), undated

Extent and Forms of Material: 1.33 cubic feet, including photographs and a scrapbook (2 boxes)

Creator: Anthony R. Lanza

Abstract: World War II personal papers, photographs, and printed material of Anthony R. Lanza, who served in the U.S. Army in Japan between 1944 and 1946.

Repository: Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. archivescenter@si.edu 202-633-3270 www.americanhistory.si.edu/archives

Collection Number: AC0910

Processing Note: Processed by Kiley Orchard (intern), 2008; supervised by Vanessa Broussard Simmons, archivist.

 

INFORMATION FOR USERS OF THE COLLECTION

Conditions Governing Access: The collection is open for research use.

Physical Access: Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves.

Conditions Governing Reproduction and Use: Copyright held by the Smithsonian Institution. Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: fees for commercial use. All duplication requests must be reviewed and approved by Archives Center staff.

Preferred Citation: Title and date of item, Anthony Lanza World War II Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, box number X, folder number XX, digital file number XXXXXXXX

 

IN-DEPTH INFORMATION ABOUT THE COLLECTION

Biographical History: Dr. Anthony R. Lanza was born July 20, 1925, in New York City. He was inducted into the United States Army in March of 1944, worked at the 308 th General Hospital in Japan, and received an honorable discharge in May of 1946. He attained the rank of Master Sergeant and received the American Campaign Medal, Good Conduct Medal, Asiatic Pacific Campaign Medal, and World War II Victory Medal. Lanza later worked as a public school teacher in Union, New Jersey, and Valley Stream, New York, as well as a faculty member of the School of Education at New York University. He also served as Chief of the NESA Education Branch in AID/Washington, as an Education Advisor in Turkey for nine years, and as a USAID Chief Education Officer in Guatemala, Afghanistan, and Pakistan for twelve years. He went on to work as Regional Education Officer for Africa for the Office of Overseas Schools in the U.S. State Department.

Scope and Content: The collection documents Anthony Lanza’s United States Army service in Japan during World War II, mostly through letters and photographs. Also included are miscellaneous items such as newsletters, clippings, drawings, Japanese travel and language guides, and official military papers. Particular research value lies in the photographic documentation of Hiroshima shortly after the atomic bomb was dropped, photographs of the Enola Gay, and an eyewitness account by a survivor.

Series 1, Photographs, 1925, 1944, 1945, 1946, undated, contains documentation of Lanza’s time in Japan during World War II, divided by subject matter. Many of the photographs are annotated on the reverse side. Included in the collection are photographs of the Enola Gay, Hiroshima shortly after the atomic bomb was dropped, and the 308 th General Hospital in Japan. There are also several photographs of landscapes and Japanese citizens. The folder containing street scenes includes one formal portrait of a Japanese family Lanza encountered in his travels. There are also photographs not taken in Japan, including images of Niagara Falls.

Series 2, Personal Papers, 1940s, undated, contains various papers that belonged to Lanza, including his diary, several letters to his mother written from Japan, a scrapbook, a first person account of the Hiroshima bombing written by Reverend John A. Siemes, military papers (special orders, immunization records, payroll information, and discharge papers), military newsletters, newspaper and magazine clippings, and various sketches and notes. The newspaper and magazine subjects contain information regarding a relative, a blurb about a DDT insecticide experiment, and information regarding musical performances.

Series 3, Materials Related to Japan, 1945, undated, contains two Japanese language books, a tourist magazine, and a book created for tourism about Japan dated 1945.

System of Arrangement: The collection is arranged in three series.

Series 1, Photographs, 1925, 1944, 1945, 1946, undated
Series 2, Personal Papers, 1940s, undated
Series 3, Materials Related to Japan, 1945, undated

Languages: Some notes are in Japanese.

Acquisition Information: Anthony Lanza’s son, Kenneth Lanza, donated this collection in 2005 and additional materials were donated in 2007.

Related Archival Materials: World War II Bomb Damage Photographs contains photographs of the aftermath of the bombings in Nagasaki, Japan, and Manila in the Philippines. Emilio Segre Collection documents research relating to the development of the atomic bomb.

Access Points:

Subject/Names:
Lanza, Anthony R.
Siemes, John A.

Subject/Topical:
Atomic bomb
Hiroshima-shi ( Japan)
Japanese language--1940-1950
Military occupation-Japan-history-bombardment, 1945
Nuclear warfare
Travel-- Japan
World War, 1939-1945

Geographic:
Camp Grant ( Ill.)
Eta Island ( Japan)
Eta Shuma ( Japan)
Fort Bragg (N.C.)
Hiroshima ( Japan)
Island of Myajima ( Japan)
Itsukushima ( Japan)

New York
Tinian ( Northern Mariana Islands)
Tokyo ( Japan)
Yokohama ( Japan)
Japan-World War, 1939-1945

Form/Genre:

Diaries--1940-1950

Drawings--1940-1950
Letters (correspondence)--20 th century
Newsletters--1940-1950
Photographs--1940-1950

CONTAINER LISTING

 

Box

Folder

 

 

 

Series 1, Photographs, 1925, 1944, 1945, 1946, undated

1

1

Anthony Lanza, 1944, 1945, 1946, undated

 

2

Buildings, 1946, undated

 

3

Hiroshima, 1945, undated

 

4

Landscapes, 1945, 1946, undated

2

1

Military photographs, 1944, undated

1

5

Soldiers, 1945, 1946, undated

 

6

Street scenes, 1945, 1946, undated

 

7

Other, 1925, undated

 

 

Series 2, Personal Papers, 1942-1946, undated

 

8

Diary, 1944-1945

 

9

Hiroshima account, 1945

 

10

International Date Line certificate, 1945

 

11

Letters, 1943-1946

 

12

Military papers, 1942-1946

 

13

Newsletters, 1945, 1946, undated

2

2

Newspaper and magazine clippings, 1943

1

14

Newspaper and magazine clippings, 1945, 1946, undated

 

15

Report, 1946

 

16

Scrapbook, 1940s, undated

 

17

Sketches and notes, undated

 

 

Series 3, Materials Related to Japan, 1945, undated

 

18

Printed materials, 1945, undated

 

 

 

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Revised: November 12, 2009