Uriah A. Boyden Papers
NMAH.AC.0982

Administrative Information

Publication Information

Archives Center, National Museum of American History 2010

Smithsonian Institution
P.O. Box 37012
Suite 1100, MRC 601
Washington, D.C., 20013-7012
Phone: 202-633-3270
Email: archivescenter@si.edu

Conditions Governing Access

The collection is open for research use.

Conditions Governing Reproduction and Use

Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rules may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply.

Custodial History

Transferred to the Archives Center from the Division of Work and Industry, 2008.

Processing Note

Processed by Kimberly Kennedy (intern), August, 2010; supervised by Alison Oswald, archivist.

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Summary Information

Repository
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Creator
Boyden, Uriah A. (Uriah Atherton), 1804-1879
Creator
Francis, Joseph Sidney
Creator
Schultze, Bernhard
Title
Uriah A. Boyden Papers, 1806-1879
ID
NMAH.AC.0982
Date [bulk]
Bulk, 1830-1879
Date [inclusive]
1806-1879
Extent
21.0 Cubic feet
General Physical Description note
(20 boxes, 45 oversize folders)
Language
English
Language of Materials note
Some materials are in French, German, and Greek and some have been translated from French and German into English.
Abstract
Papers of Uriah A. Boyden (1804-1879), a Boston civil and mechanical engineer and the inventor of the Boyden turbine. Materials include correspondence, notes, calculations, articles, notebooks, legal documents, financial documents, patents and patent assignments, design drawings, newspaper clippings, pamphlets, business cards, and a print of a daguerreotype.

Preferred Citation

Title and date of item, Uriah A. Boyden Papers, 1806-1879, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, box number X, folder number XX

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Administrative/Biographical History

Civil and mechanical engineer and multi-faceted scientist, Uriah Atherton Boyden was born on February 17, 1804 in Foxborough, Massachusetts. His father Seth Boyden (1764-1849) was a farmer and blacksmith and invented a machine to split leather (Reynolds 2010). His brother Seth Boyden (1788-1870) was a noted inventor in Newark, New Jersey, and in 1825 Boyden worked for him in a “leather and sheepskin bookbinding business” (Reynolds 2010). Boyden moved back to Massachusetts in 1828 and worked with James Hayward on surveys for the Boston and Providence Railroad, and with Loammi Baldwin on a dry dock for the Charlestown Navy Yard (now Boston Navy Yard) (Reynolds 2010). In the 1830s he opened his own engineering practice and worked on mills in the growing industrial center of Lowell, Massachusetts and was the chief engineer from 1836-1838 on the Nashua and Lowell Railroad. He designed a hydraulic power system for the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company in Manchester, New Hampshire around 1840 (American Society of Mechanical Engineers 1975, 5).

Boyden is best known for inventing the Boyden turbine, “the first turbine to be manufactured in quantity in the United States”( American Society of Mechanical Engineers 1975, 1). Boyden developed this turbine around 1844 while working for the Appleton Company in Lowell, Massachusetts(  American Society of Mechanical Engineers 1975, 5). Boyden improved the efficiency of the Fourneyron outward flow turbine by “providing a conical approach passage for the incoming water… providing guide vanes in the outlet passages and by adding a submerged diffuser” (  American Society of Mechanical Engineers 1975, 2). Boyden assigned his patent rights to a number of mills and manufacturing companies in New England and provided them with plans and specifications for turbines, although he did not oversee construction.

The Boyden turbine was superseded in 1849 by the more efficient inward flow Francis turbine, developed by James B. Francis with Boyden’s assistance ( American Society of Mechanical Engineers 1975, 2-3). The Francis turbine is now used throughout the world (Reynolds 2010).

After 1850, Boyden focused on scientific pursuits, including chemistry, physics, and meteorology. His other interests included the causes of fires in Boston, tobacco’s effect on people’s health, and mental illness in Europe and the United States. However, he rarely published the results of his research (Reynolds 2010). In 1874, Boyden “deposited $1,000 with the Franklin Institute of Philadelphia to be awarded to any resident of North America who should determine by experiment whether light and other physical rays are transmitted at the same velocity” ( American Society of Mechanical Engineers 1975, 5). No one has claimed the prize. Boyden died on October 17, 1879 in Boston. In his will, he bequeathed approximately $250,000 to Harvard University, which it used to build an observatory in Peru (Reynolds 2010). The Boyden Observatory is now located in South Africa.

Reference List

1975. The 102-inch Boyden Hydraulic Turbines at Harmony Mill No. 3, Cohoes, New York. The American Society of Mechanical Engineers. http://files.asme.org/ASMEORG/Communities/History/Landmarks/5507.pdf, (accessed 18 July 2010).

Reynolds, Terry S. 2010. Boyden, Uriah Atherton. American National Biography Online. Oxford University Press. http://www.anb.org/articles/13/13-00178.html (accessed 18 July 2010).

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Scope and Content

This collection documents the activities of Uriah Atherton Boyden (1804-1879), a Boston civil and mechanical engineer. The papers cover the span of Boyden’s life, but the bulk of the papers date from between 1830 and 1879. The materials relate to his professional engineering life, including his work as an engineer for the Nashua and Lowell Railroad Corporation and his work with turbines at New England mills and manufacturing companies. The collection also contains papers that illustrate his scientific interests, including sound, meteorology, chemistry, and physics. Materials include correspondence, notes, calculations, articles, notebooks, legal documents, financial documents, patents and patent assignments, design drawings, newspaper clippings, pamphlets, business cards, and a print of a daguerreotype.

Series 1, Correspondence, 1823-1879, consists of three subseries: Subseries 1, Outgoing Correspondence, 1830-1879; Subseries 2, Incoming Correspondence, 1823-1879; and Subseries 3, Miscellaneous Correspondence, 1825-1879. The bulk of the series is comprised of letters, although some telegrams are included. The majority of Boyden’s letters discuss his business dealings and scientific interests, but some correspondence is related to family matters. Family correspondents include his brothers Seth Boyden (1788-1870), William Pitts Boyden, Otis Boyden, Benjamin F. Boyden, and Alexander Boyden (1791-1881); his sisters Sarah Boyden (d. 1834) and Sabra Smith; and his parents Seth (1764-1840) and Susanna Boyden. He also corresponded with his niece Susan Boyden Burnet and sister-in-law Abigail Boyden. Subjects discussed include Seth Boyden’s illness, death, and will in 1840 and Sarah Boyden’s death in 1834.

Correspondence from the 1830s discusses the construction of the dry dock at the Charlestown Navy Yard, Massachusetts; experiments conducted at the Boston and Roxbury Mill Dam; Boyden’s work as Chief Engineer for the Nashua and Lowell Railroad Corporation and his subsequent lawsuit against the Nashua and Lowell Railroad Corporation over a pay dispute; the employment of assistants; and the construction of a mill at the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company.

Frequent correspondents include William Livingston, who was deposed in Boyden’s lawsuit of the Nashua and Lowell Railroad Company; F. George Stark of Amoskeag Village; John Jacques of Worcester, Massachusetts; R. Read of Amoskeag Manufacuring Company; and Ezekial Albert Straw (1819-1882), a civil engineer and agent for the Amoskeag Manufacuring Company and the governor of New Hampshire from 1872-1874. Correspondence from the 1840s is primarily about turbines. Subjects include the development of the Boyden Turbine at the Lowell Appleton Company and Boyden’s patents (US Patents 5,068, 5,090, 5,114, 10,026, and 10,027).

Other topics include the Merrimack Manufacturing Company’s new mill; the Stark Company’s turbine; turbine pits for the Merrimack Company’s Picking House; Boyden’s design for a turbine built at the Lowell Machine Shop and used at Tilestons & Hollingsworth Upper Mill; and requests for books. During this period, Boyden sent letters to various manufacturing companies and mills, informing them he would be willing to sell his patent rights for turbine improvements and provide plans and specifications, although he would not oversee the construction of turbines. Recipients of these letters include hydraulic engineer James B. Francis, P. T. Jackson, treasurer of the Proprietors of Locks and Canals; T. G. Cary, treasurer of the Appleton Company; John Avery, agent of the Hamilton Manufacturing Company; Alexander Wright, agent of the Lowell Manufacturing Company; Charles T. Storrow, treasurer of the Essex Company and the Atlantic Cotton Mills; R. Read, agent of the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company; Amos A. Lawrence, treasurer of Salmon Falls Manufacturing Company; John Mixer, treasurer of the Suncook Manufacturing Company; and William Dwight, treasurer of the Saco Water Power Company.

Letters relating to the Atlantic Cotton Mills turbine design, testing, and lawsuit comprise a portion of the correspondence from the late 1840s and 1850s. Other correspondence from the 1850s includes letters to and from Boyden’s employee Norman W. Stearns, who traveled to California and Australia; discussion of the testing of a turbine at the Hamilton Manufacturing Company Mills at Lowell; an extract from a report on the power derived from the tides at the Boston and Roxbury Mill Dam; a letter from the Smithsonian Institution encouraging Boyden to publish his research on turbines; and the difficulties with turbine experiments at the Nashua Manufacturing Company’s mills. Boyden continued to offer his patent rights to various companies, including James T. Ames, agent of the Ames Manufacturing Company, and Ezekial Albert Straw, agent of the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company.

Some letters were written by assistant Edward Sawyer on behalf of Uriah Boyden. Letters from the 1860s include Boyden’s correspondence with the Franklin Institute in Philadelphia concerning the prize he created for any resident of North America who could determine by experiment whether all rays of light are transmitted at the same velocity. Common subjects include turbines; physics; Henri Giffard’s invention of the injector; an apparatus for atmospheric electrical experiments; expanding gas; and the purchase of chemical substances.

There are many letters to the Bailliere Brothers, importers of periodicals; and E. G. Wallis, the Assistant Assessor of the third district of Boston for taxes. In 1862, Boyden wrote a letter to Massachusetts Governor John A. Andrew offering a letter of recommendation for hydraulic engineer James B. Francis. Boyden also paid for a lecture in 1862 given by George Boutwell on liberating some Southern slaves. Letters from the 1870s discuss a variety of topics, including patents, the New England Glass Company, and the purchase of books. Finally, a folder of miscellaneous materials includes several letters of recommendation and introduction for Boyden, and a few letters neither to nor from Boyden.

Series 2, Notes on Turbines, 1833-1870, contains primarily Boyden’s notes and calculations relating to the design, development, construction, and testing of turbines. There are also drawings of turbines, excerpts from scholarly journals about turbines, and the manuscript article about turbines for  American Cabinet authored by Boyden. A published copy of this article is located in Series 10, Printed Material, 1835-1879. Some materials are in French.

A large portion of the papers are the calculations and results of experiments on Turbine No. 3 of the Atlantic Cotton Mills. More information on these experiments can be found in the Series 5, Notebooks, 1819-1867, and Series 6, Lawsuits, 1836-1864. Experiments conducted at the Appleton Company, where Boyden developed the Boyden turbine, appear in this series.

The turbine notes also contain measurements and computations for turbines for the Chicopee Manufacturing Company; designs and calculations for the Tileston and Hollingsworth’s turbine in Dorchester, Massachusetts; an estimate for installing turbines for the Jackson Company; and a report to the Boston Water Power Company on the estimate of power from the Boston and Roxbury Mill Dam. Boyden was assisted in his calculations and experiments by Maximilian L. G. Wilde, Edward Sawyer, [Neil?], W. Mertz, David Dows, and James Emerson. The series contains an oversize miscellaneous folder comprised of calculations and tables.

Series 3, Subject Files, circa 1827-1875, contains groups of papers that Boyden assembled into packets and numbered and labeled with topical categories. The papers cover a wide range of topics. A large portion of the materials are excerpts or notes from published sources, although some packets contain Boyden’s own calculations, tables, and surveys. Some materials are in French, German, and Greek and some have been translated from French and German into English.

One subject Boyden explores in depth is tobacco, including the tobacco trade, taxes on tobacco, consumption statistics from the United States and Europe, different varieties of plants, and tobacco’s effect on health, including whether or not it contributes to mental illness. In addition, he discusses alcohol’s effect on health; whether crime is connected with drinking alcohol, liquor licensing laws, and the option of prohibition in Massachusetts. He was also interested in the early history of the Bible, including how it was translated from the original Hebrew and how Egyptian connects to Old Testament history. Boyden compares different religious practices, including Islam, Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism, and ancient Greek and Egyptian religion.

Boyden collected a great deal of information from census data in the United States and Great Britain. In the Boston area, he looks at the number of births among Irish immigrants compared to native born Americans, and in particular explores whether tobacco use increases or decreases births among Irish immigrants. He also utilizes population statistics to discuss mental illness in both Europe and the United States. Like Series 4, Notes and Papers, 1806-1879, the Subject Files contain statistics on the cause of and response to fires in Boston.

Finally, the Subject Files include information on a variety of scientific subjects. For instance, a portion of materials discuss hydraulic lime, atomic theory and molecules, chemistry, thermoelectricity, meteorology, astronomy, batteries, and water pressure through pipes. Boyden quotes from Charles Darwin’s On the Origin of Species in his explorations of natural history. Several packets are comprised of surveys of property lots in Brookline, Massachusetts and the Longwood area of Boston. Sources Boyden utilized include publications such as the Encyclopaedia Britannica, the  Bible, the New York Herald, The Boston Daily Advertiser, L’Annales des Ponts et Chaussées (The Annals of the Department of Civil Engineering), Brockhaus’s Encyclopaedia, Annals of Chemistry and Pharmacy, Les Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences (The Proceedings of the French Academy of Sciences), Annales de Chimie et de Physique (Annals of Chemistry and Physics), Annales d’Hygiène (Annals of Hygiene), Appleton’s Cyclopaedia, Hunt’s Merchant’s Magazine, Esquirol’s Treatise on Mental Maladies, The London Times, and Poggendorff’s Annals. The packets also contain call slips from the Boston Athenaeum and the Boston Public Library.

Series 4, Notes and Papers, 1806-1879, consists of a wide range of material. Some papers are in French and German, or translated from published French and German into English. The series encompasses notes from Boyden’s scientific experiments and observations. One subject Boyden studied indepth was meteorology, and the series contains weather observations, recordings of temperature and air pressure, and eyewitness accounts of unusual weather.

In addition, Boyden conducted experiments on the effect of a dam in the Merrimack River, the specific heat of steam, electricity, the effects of rays on bisulphide of carbon, glass making, and oils. Five notebooks document experiments on the chemical combination of oxygen with liquids at atmospheric temperatures. Furthermore, the series contains information on sound experiments made at Chelsea, Massachusetts, and at the Charlestown, Massachusetts aqueduct, which are also discussed in Series 5, Notebooks, 1819-1867, and Series 9, Drawings, circa 1835-1872. Boyden conducted surveys of various industrial projects, including the Jackson Manufacturing Company’s mill work and dam; the sewers of Lowell, Massachusetts; the Nashua Mills; the aqueduct, cistern and pumping apparatus for the Boston Iron Company; the Lewiston Water Power Company; the bursting of a locomotive for the Boston and Lowell Railroad; and the cold well at Brandon, Vermont.

The series consists of several folders of drawings, including sketches of an apparatus for making signal sounds, and a design for a mercurial pump, and various scientific instruments. There are also copies of drawings of a differential galvanometer, dynamometer, pneumatic apparatus, and pneumatic glasses. The originals are located in Series 9, Drawings, circa 1835-1872. A significant portion of the series consists of Boyden’s investigations of the causes of fires in Boston, including statistics and eyewitness accounts. The series also contains Boyden’s computations and design for a chronometer.

Boyden is the author of several published papers found in this series, including “Researches in Meteorology,” “Paper on Mechanical force,” “An Essay on Caloric’s Repulsing Caloric and its Attracting Ponderable Matter,” and “Paper on Sound.” “  Explosions produced by Niter in Burning Buildings” appeared in  The Boston Post May 9, 1862. Boyden also wrote  Researches in Physics, which was printed in 1863. The series also contains translations and copies of papers and articles on various scientific subjects, including magnetism, electricity, heat, light, meteorology, and physics. These include articles from the  Annales de Chimie et de Physique (Annals of Chemistry and Physics), the Bulletin des Sciences Mathématiques (Bulletin of the Mathematical Sciences), the Annalen der Physik und Chemie (Annals of Physics and Chemistry), Mémoires de l‘Academie Royale (Imperial) des Sciences de l’Institut de France, and Les Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences (The Proceedings of the French Academy of Sciences). Boyden also collected single works, including  A Treatise on the Heat of Permanent Gases by John Plana, New Branch of Physics, or Studies Concerning Bodies in the Spheroidal State by P. H. Boutigny, and  Thermochrosis, or  Calorific Coloration by Macedoine Melloni.

Nine miscellaneous folders contain citations from encyclopedias, notes from scientific articles and newspapers, calculations, notes on laws, notes from experiments, a tide table, accounts of the weather, directions for experiments, specifications for a section of a canal built in Lowell by the Proprietors of the Locks and Canals, and a description of a heliostat. One oversize miscellaneous folder contains a legal document concerning lease from the Boston and Roxbury Mill Corporation to Horace Gray, a plan of a screwdriver, a table of experiments made in grinding rye at the City Mills, and experiments on the flow of water over dams made at the Lower Locks in Lowell, Massachusetts.

Series 5, Notebooks, 1819-1867, consists of bound notebooks ranging in size from 5” x 7” to 7” x 8”. The notebooks demonstrate Boyden’s wide-ranging scientific interests. They contain primarily technical information, such as experiments on sound, electromagnetism, and thermometers and include drawings and tables with data. His notebooks include excerpts from scientific journals on physics and chemistry, including some materials in French.

The personal memoranda feature notes from his travels around New England and the Mid-Atlantic States, including descriptions of railroads, dams, and mills; bridges in Georgetown, Washington, District of Columbia; a smelting furnace in Pottsville, Pennsylvania; and the Baltimore Water Works aqueduct. Several additional personal notebooks document Boyden’s property and expenditures. Many notebooks were written or corrected by others, presumably Boyden’s assistants, including Edward Sawyer, Levi York, Maximilian S. G. Wilde, Charles Leonard, Charles Mason, Jeremiah Dickson, L.W. Cushing, and A. Neill. One common subject is Boyden’s work with turbines and water-wheels at New England mills and manufacturing companies. Many notebooks record turbine experiments at the Lowell Appleton Company, where Boyden developed the Boyden turbine, and at the Atlantic Cotton Mills. For more information on Boyden’s work at the Atlantic Cotton Mills, see Series 6, Lawsuits, 1836-1864 and Series 2, Notes on Turbines, 1833-1870.

Other notebooks document Boyden’s involvement in the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company in Manchester, New Hampshire, where he developed a hydraulic power system. Other mills Boyden studied include the Stark Mills, the Lawrence Company’s mills, and the Boston and Roxbury Mill Dam. Boyden was interested in the construction of canals and locks, including the Weston Canal near Lowell, Massachusetts. Railroad surveys comprise a significant portion of the notebooks’ content and include his work with railroad companies, including the Boston and Lowell Railroad Corporation and the Boston and Worcester Railroad Corporation. Boyden conducted a survey of a cold well at Brandon, Vermont. More information about that well can be found in Series 3, Subject Files, circa 1827-1875, and Series 3, Notes and Papers, 1806-1879.

Series 6, Lawsuits, 1836-1864, consists of legal materials related to lawsuits Boyden was involved in, both as a plaintiff and as a witness. The majority of the series is comprised of documents relating to Boyden’s Atlantic Cotton Mills lawsuit, a conflict over whether Boyden had a right to conduct tests on turbines built from his design at the Atlantic Cotton Mills. The suit also involved a dispute over Boyden’s patent rights to his turbine improvements used at the Atlantic Cotton Mills. On February 14, 1856, the court decided in favor of Boyden, and required the Atlantic Cotton Mills to award him reparations.

The series contains copies of correspondence related to Boyden’s dealings with the Atlantic Cotton Mills, including letters to and from Charles S. Storrow and William Gray, treasurers of the Atlantic Cotton Mills. Also included are depositions; replies to allegations; Boyden’s drafts of his answers to interrogatories; and calculations, notes, and drawings, presumably used as evidence in court. Bernhard Schultze (see Series 12, Bernhard Schultze Materials, 1837-1857) compared and corrected Boyden’s November 21, 1855 reply to the answer of the Atlantic Cotton Mills and a statement of some expenses in measuring the power expended in actuating turbine No. 3 of the Atlantic Cotton Mills.

Also included are letters of reference for Boyden, probably related to his lawsuit of the Nashua and Lowell Railroad; Boyden’s answers to interrogatories filed by the Boston Water Power Company in the case of Boston Water Power Company v. Horace Gray, which also includes his answers to interrogatories filed by the Boston and Worcester Railroad Company in regard to the receiving basin of the Boston Water Power Company; and Boyden’s deposition in the case of O  swego Canal Company v. Henry M. Ames & Isaac L. Merriam.

Series 7, Financial Papers, 1820-1876, contains both personal and business financial papers. A large portion documents the New England Glass Company, including records of the stockholders meetings and end of year reports on the financial state of the company. There are also copies of receipts of bills Boyden sent to companies he worked for, including the Atlantic Cotton Mills, the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company, the Boston and Lowell Railroad Corporation, the Ames Manufacturing Company, the Salmon Falls Manufacturing Company, the Lowell Machine Shop, and the Holyoke Water Power Company. Boyden also received stock dividends from some of the same companies and others, including the Merrimack Manufacturing Company, the New England Glass Company, the Old Colony Railroad Company, Stark Manufacturing Company, the Lancaster Mills, the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company, the Boston and Lowell Railroad Corporation, and the Boston Gas Light Company.

Another aspect of the papers includes Boyden’s requests to buy certain items, including metals, glass cylinders, and wire for his experiments; books in English, French and German; and periodicals. There are also reports of Boyden’s income for the Internal Revenue Service dating from 1864-1871. One document is a quitclaim deed for the Savin Hill property in Dorchester, Massachusetts, which Boyden surveyed. Surveying records can be found in Series 3, Subject Files, circa 1827-1875.

Series 8, Patents, 1838-1847, consists of three subseries, Subseries 1, Boyden’s Patents, 1843-1847; Subseries 2, Other Patents, 1838-1843; and Subseries 3, Patent Assignments, 1849-1856.

Subseries 1, Boyden’s Patents, 1843-1847, consists of issued patents for Boyden's turbine improvements with attached drawings and specifications, including patents for improvement in turbines, September 20, 1843 (US Patent 10,026); improvement in hydraulic motors, September 20, 1843 (US Patent 10,027); improvements in hanging shafts of waterwheels, April 17, 1847 (US Patent 5,068); and improvement in diffuser for waterwheels, May 1, 1847 (US Patent 5,090).

Subseries 2, Other Patents, 1838-1843, consists of a patent granted to John R. Wheeler for an improved waterwheel on April 14, 1838, and a patent granted to Amasa B. Beckwith for improvement in waterwheels on October 20, 1843.

Subseries 3, Patent Assignments, 1849-1856, consists of legal documents giving various companies the right to use Boyden’s patented turbine improvements in their mills in exchange for royalties. Companies include the Great Falls Manufacturing Company, the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company, the Appleton Company, the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company, the Merrimack Manufacturing Company, the Lowell Manufacturing Company, and the Lowell Machine Shop.

Series 9, Drawings, circa 1835-1872, contains oversize drawings and some tables, ranging in size from approximately 48’’ x 30’’ to 21’’ x 30’’. Some of the papers are brittle and crumble easily. The series contains one work in German, “  Werke Theorie und Bau der Wasserraeder” (A Work on the Theory and Construction of Waterwheels).

A significant portion of the series consists of Boyden’s designs for turbines used at various mills throughout New England, including the Ames Manufacturing Company; the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company; the Appleton Company, the Atlantic Cotton Mills; the Hamilton Manufacturing Company; the Essex Company Machine Shop and Blacksmith Shop; the Lancaster Mill; the Manchester Printing Works; the Merrimack Manufacturing Company; the Merrimack Print Works; the Perkins Mills the Salmon Falls Manufacturing Company; the Stark Mills; and the New England Worsted Company and Suncook Manufacturing Company. More information on Boyden’s work designing turbines for these companies can be found in Series 1, Correspondence, 1823-1879; Series 2, Notes on Turbines, 1833-1870; and Series 5, Notebooks, 1819-1867.

Of particular note are drawings from “Lowell Hydraulic Experiments”, a work published in 1855 by James B. Francis. Francis developed an improved turbine based on the inward flow Poncelet turbine, which became known as the Francis turbine and was more efficient than the outward flow Boyden turbine. Boyden was an associate of Francis’s, but it is unclear how closely involved he was in the development of the Francis turbine. One subseries, Boyden’s improvements, contains drawings that demonstrate Boyden’s development of new turbines.

The series also includes records from Boyden’s experiments on sound in Charlestown, Massachusetts. Notes from other experiments on sound can be found in Series 4, Notes and Papers, 1806-1879, and Series 5, Notebooks, 1819-1867. Included in the series are designs for various tools, including a chronometer, differential galvanometer, hydraulic apparatus, and pneumatic glasses. Smaller copies of some of these drawings can be found in Series 4, Notes and Papers, 1806-1879.

Two folders of miscellaneous materials include several tables documenting people admitted to mental hospitals, the observation of tides made at the Charlestown Navy Yard; a table of fires in Boston; experiments on the wheel of the Poncelet System; a plan and sections for showing the results of surveys at the cold well in Brandon, Vermont; and designs for a brass apparatus, a rack of reflectors, an apparatus for measuring the heights of water, a glass scale, and a dynamometer. Nine folders contain unidentified drawings.

Series 10, Printed Material, 1835-1879, contains newspaper clippings and other printed material collected by Boyden. The major subjects covered by the newspaper clippings include a campaign to supply Boston with drinking water, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the Smithsonian Institution. Other newspaper clippings discuss the career of Patrick Tracy Jackson, the founder of the Merrimack Manufacturing Company; Boyden’s turbine wheel; railway accidents; a court case involving an escaped slave; the rotation of the earth; the establishment of a public library in Boston; the American Academy of Arts and Sciences; the Louisiana imbroglio of 1874-1875; and smoking. Boyden frequently clipped from the  Daily Evening Traveller, the  Boston Advertiser,  The Boston Atlas, the Boston Post, and the  Boston Evening Transcript. Some newspapers have been saved and placed in a folder in a map case drawer.

The series also includes a pamphlet entitled Martin’s Twenty-One Years in the Boston Stock Market, or Fluctuations Therein from January 1835 to January 1856, two bulletins of new books offered by the Boston Public Library and marked up by Boyden, patents for Alfred Nobel’s new explosive compound, several of Boyden’s business cards, a print portrait of Boyden, and a metal sign that hung outside his office in Boston. The series contains one miscellaneous file that includes items such as a price list for mechanists’ tools, an article on the phenomena of sound, and a table of the work and expenses on the Boston and Lowell Railroad.

Series 11, Seth Boyden Materials, 1840-1841, is comprised of documents related to the death of Uriah Boyden’s father, Seth Boyden (1764-1840). Included are drawings of the headstones for the graves of Seth Boyden (1764-1840) and Uriah Boyden’s sister, Sarah Boyden; Seth Boyden’s last will and testament; a poster for an executer’s sale; and the account of Uriah Boyden and Benjamin F. Boyden, the executers of Seth Boyden’s (1764-1840) last will and testament.

Series 12, Bernhard Schultze Materials, 1837-1857, contains the letters and papers of Bernhard Schultze, a man employed by Boyden as a translator from around November 26, 1853 until his death in August 1857. Schultze was a witness in the case of  Boyden v. Atlantic Cotton Mills and compared and corrected materials related to the case. These can be found in Series 6, Lawsuits, 1836-1864. He died from a head injury that occurred in Boyden’s offices at 81 Washington Street.

More information about the accident in Boyden’s official statement, August 17, 1857, to the coroner and the jury investigating Schultze’s death, in Series 1, Correspondence, 1823-1879. Half of the materials are in German and consist of correspondence, receipts, registered letter slips, a medical bill, and a program for the Paine Festival and Annual Ball in 1857. Several of the documents relate to politics in the late 1850s and the election of 1856. Included is a newspaper article reporting on a pro-German James Buchanan rally; a circular supporting John C. Fremont and William L. Dayton, the Republican ticket in the election of 1856; and the by-laws of the Boston Kansas Club.

Series 13, Joseph Sidney Francis Materials, circa 1855-1872, consists of drawings made by Joseph Sidney Francis while studying at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. They are labeled as the property of James B. Francis, the hydraulic engineer and inventor of the Francis turbine who worked closely with Boyden. Included in this series are tables documenting the number of fires in Boston and the number of people admitted to French mental hospitals.

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Arrangement

The papers are arranged into thirteen series. The contents of each series or subseries is arranged chronologically, with the exception of Series 3, which is arranged numerically, and Series 9, which is arranged alphabetically by subject. The series and subseries arrangement of the papers are as follows:

Series 1, Correspondence, 1823-1879

Subseries 1, Outgoing, 1830-1879

Subseries 2, Incoming, 1823-1879

Subseries 3, Miscellaneous, 1825-1879

Series 2, Notes on Turbines, 1833-1870

Series 3, Subject Files, circa 1827-1875

Series 4, Notes and Papers, 1806-1879

Series 5, Notebooks, 1819-1867

Series 6, Lawsuits, 1836-1864

Series 7, Financial Papers, 1820-1876

Series 8, Patents, 1838-1847

Subseries 1, Boyden Patents, 1843-1847

Subseries 2, Other Patents, 1838-1843

Subseries 3, Patent Assignments, 1849-1856

Series 9, Drawings, circa 1835-1872

Series 10, Printed Material, 1835-1879

Series 11, Seth Boyden (1764-1840) Materials, 1840-1841

Series 12, Bernhard Schultze Materials, 1837-1857

Series 13, Joseph Sidney Francis Materials, circa 1855-1872

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • American Association for the Advancement of Science.
  • Ames Manufacturing Company.
  • Amoskeag Manufacturing Company.
  • Atlantic Cotton Mills.
  • Boston and Lowell Railroad Corporation.
  • Boston and Roxbury Mill Corporation.
  • Boston and Worcester Railroad Corporation.
  • Hamilton Manufacturing Company (Lowell, Mass.).
  • Jackson Manufacturing Company.
  • Lawrence Company.
  • Lowell Appleton Company.
  • Lowell Manufacturing Company.
  • Manchester Printing Works.
  • Merrimack Manufacturing Company.
  • New England Glass Company.
  • Saco Water Power Company.
  • Salmon Falls Manufacturing Company.
  • Smithsonian Institution.
  • Stark Mills.
  • Suncook Mills Company.
  • Tilestons & Holllingsworth Upper Mill.

Genre(s)

  • Articles
  • Clippings
  • Correspondence--19th century
  • Drawings
  • Financial records
  • Legal documents
  • Newspapers
  • Notebooks
  • Patents--1840-1850

Geographic Name(s)

  • Boston (Mass.)
  • Brandon (Vt.)
  • Brookline (Mass.)
  • Charlestown (Boston, Mass.)
  • Foxborough (Mass. : Town)
  • Lowell (Mass.)—Industries
  • Manchester (N.H.)
  • Nashua (N.H.)

Personal Name(s)

  • Boyden, Seth, 1764-1840
  • Boyden, Seth, 1788-1870
  • Francis, James B. (James Bicheno), 1815-1892
  • Nobel, Alfred Bernhard, 1833-1896
  • Sawyer, Edward
  • Storrow, Charles S. (Charles Storer), 1809-1904
  • Straw, Ezekiel Albert, 1819-1882

Subject(s)

  • Atomic theory
  • Census
  • Chemistry
  • Chronometer
  • Civil engineers
  • Dividends
  • Drinking of alcoholic beverages--Law and legislation
  • Fires--Massachusetts--Boston
  • Glass manufacture
  • Hydraulic engineering and engineers
  • Hydraulic turbines
  • Inventions--19th century
  • Inventors--19th century.
  • Lawsuits
  • Mental illness
  • Mills and mill-work
  • Natural history
  • Optics
  • Ozone
  • Physics
  • Pneumatics
  • Radiometers
  • Railroads--Construction
  • Railroads--Surveying
  • Religions
  • Sound
  • Specific heat
  • Thermoelectricity
  • Thermometers
  • Tobacco
  • Water-wheels

Return to Table of Contents »


Collection Inventory

Series 1, Correspondence, 1823-1879 

Subseries 1, Outgoing Correspondence 1830-1879 

 1830-1835 


  Box Folder
Text   1 1

 1836 


  Box Folder
Text   1 2

 1837 


  Box Folder
Text   1 3

 1838 January-June 


  Box Folder
Text   1 4

 1838 July-December 


  Box Folder
Text   1 5

 1839 


  Box Folder
Text   1 6

 1840 


  Box Folder
Text   1 7

 1841 


  Box Folder
Text   1 8

 1842-1844 


  Box Folder
Text   1 9

 1845 


  Box Folder
Text   1 10

 1846 January-April 


  Box Folder
Text   1 11

 1846 May- December 


  Box Folder
Text   1 12

 1847 January- May 


  Box Folder
Text   1 13

 1847 June- December 


  Box Folder
Text   1 14

 1848 


  Box Folder
Text   1 15

 1849 


  Box Folder
Text   1 16

 1850 January- June 


  Box Folder
Text   1 17

 1850 July- December 


  Box Folder
Text   1 18

 1851 January- June 


  Box Folder
Text   1 19

 1851 July- December 


  Box Folder
Text   1 20

 1852 January-June 


  Box Folder
Text   1 21

 1852 July- December 


  Box Folder
Text   1 22

 1853 January- June 


  Box Folder
Text   1 23

 1853 July- December 


  Box Folder
Text   1 24

 1854 


  Box Folder
Text   1 25

 1855 January- June 


  Box Folder
Text   1 26

 1855 August- December 


  Box Folder
Text   1 27

 1856 January- June 


  Box Folder
Text   1 28

 1856 July- December 


  Box Folder
Text   1 29

 1857 January- August 


  Box Folder
Text   1 30

 1857 September- December 


  Box Folder
Text   1 31

 1858 


  Box Folder
Text   1 32

 1859 


  Box Folder
Text   1 33

 1860 


  Box Folder
Text   1 34

 1861 


  Box Folder
Text   1 35

 1862 


  Box Folder
Text   1 36

 1863 


  Box Folder
Text   1 37

 1864 


  Box Folder
Text   1 38

 1865 


  Box Folder
Text   1 39

 1866 


  Box Folder
Text   1 40

 1867 


  Box Folder
Text   1 41

 1868-1869 


  Box Folder
Text   1 42

 1870-1873 


  Box Folder
Text   1 43

 1874-1879 


  Box Folder
Text   1 44

Subseries 2, Incoming Correspondence 1823-1879 

 1823-1829 


  Box Folder
Text   1 45

 1830-1833 


  Box Folder
Text   1 46

 1834-1835 


  Box Folder
Text   1 47

 1836 


  Box Folder
Text   1 48

 1837 January- June 


  Box Folder
Text   1 49

 1837 July- December 


  Box Folder
Text   1 50

 1838 January- March 


  Box Folder
Text   1 51

 1838 April- December 


  Box Folder
Text   1 52

 1839 


  Box Folder
Text   1 53

 1840 


  Box Folder
Text   1 54

 1841 


  Box Folder
Text   1 55

 1843-1844 


  Box Folder
Text   1 56

 1845 


  Box Folder
Text   1 57

 1846 


  Box Folder
Text   1 58

 1847 January- June 


  Box Folder
Text   2 1

 1847 July- December 


  Box Folder
Text   2 2

 1848 January- June 


  Box Folder
Text   2 3

 1848 July- December 


  Box Folder
Text   2 4

 1849 


  Box Folder
Text   2 5

 1850 January- June 


  Box Folder
Text   2 6

 1850 July- December 


  Box Folder
Text   2 7

 1851 January- June 


  Box Folder
Text   2 8

 1851 July- December 


  Box Folder
Text   2 9

 1852 


  Box Folder
Text   2 10

 1853 January- June 


  Box Folder
Text   2 11

 1853 July- December 


  Box Folder
Text   2 12

 1854 


  Box Folder
Text   2 13

 1855 January- August 


  Box Folder
Text   2 14

 1855 September- December 


  Box Folder
Text   2 15

 1856 


  Box Folder
Text   2 16

 1857 


  Box Folder
Text   2 17

 1858 


  Box Folder
Text   2 18

 1859 


  Box Folder
Text   2 19

 1860 


  Box Folder
Text   2 20

 1861 


  Box Folder
Text   2 21

 1862 


  Box Folder
Text   2 22

 1863 


  Box Folder
Text   2 23

 1864-1865 


  Box Folder
Text   2 24

 1866-1867 


  Box Folder
Text   2 25

 1868-1869 


  Box Folder
Text   2 26

 1870-1879 


  Box Folder
Text   2 27

 undated 


  Box Folder
Text   2 28

Subseries 3, Miscellaneous Correspondence, 1825-1879 

Box
2
Folder
29

Return to Table of Contents »


Series 2, Notes on Turbines, 1833-1870 

Excerpts from the Bulletin de la Societe d'Encouragement pour l'Industrie Nationale, 1833-1834 


  Box Folder
Text   2 30

Appleton Company's turbine, circa 1840-1845 


  Box Folder
Text   2 31

Patterns at locks and canals, Appleton Company, circa 1840-1845 


  Box Folder
Text   2 32

From Book A, 1846 December 


  Box Folder
Text   2 33

Notes relating to turbine, circa 1846-1860 


  Box Folder
Text   2 34

Article on turbines, circa 1848 


  Box Folder
Text   2 35

Specifications of a turbine invention, 1849 June 12 


  Box Folder
Text   2 36

Description of turbine improvements, circa 13 June 1849 


  Box Folder
Text   2 37

Calculations of Turbine No. 3 of the Atlantic Cotton Mills, circa 1851-1855 


  Box Folder
Text   2 38

Method of finding the weight of the cubic foot of water in the Merrimack River at Lawrence, 1851 June 1 


  Box Folder
Text   2 39

Directions for making a table relating to the wheel of turbine No. 3, Atlantic Cotton Mills, circa 1854 


  Box Folder
Text   2 40

Calculation directions, 1854 January 4 


  Box Folder
Text   2 41

Recalculations of the 44 column table and Recalculations of the 51 column table, 1854 January 


  Box Folder
Text   2 42

Calculations, circa 1854 January- 1855 March 


  Box Folder
Text   2 43

Calculations, 1854 February- August 


  Box Folder
Text   2 44

Calculations, 1854 April- May 


  Box Folder
Text   2 45

Deduction of the motions of the water at its exit from Turbine No. 3 of the Atlantic Cotton Mills, Nos. 1 and 2, 1854 April-1855 October 


  Box Folder
Text   2 46

Calculation directions, 1854 May 20 


  Box Folder
Text   2 47

Different kinds of calculations, Experiments with Turbine No. 3 of the Atlantic Cotton Mills, circa 1854 June 


  Box Folder
Text   2 48

Calculations on the Table, 1854 June 1 


  Box Folder
Text   2 49

Different calculations for Column 21, 1854 June 1 


  Box Folder
Text   2 50

Measures and calculations, 1854 July 


  Box Folder
Text   2 51

Calculations, 1854 July- December 


  Box Folder
Text   2 52

Calculations for column 36', 41', and 42', 1854 July- 1855 January 


  Box Folder
Text   2 53

Calculations, 1854 August 


  Box Folder
Text   2 54

Interpolations, 1854 October- 1855 March 


  Box Folder
Text   2 55

Calculations, 1854 October 26 


  Box Folder
Text   2 56

Calculations, 1854 November 


  Box Folder
Text   2 57

Calculations, 1854 November- December 


  Box Folder
Text   2 58

Calculations, 1854 December 


  Box Folder
Text   2 59

Calculations, 1854 December 18- 1855 January 8 


  Box Folder
Text   2 60

Calculations, 1854 December 30- 1855 February 2 


  Box Folder
Text   2 61

Computations relating to the Tileston & Hollingsworth's, and Nashua Turbines and miscellaneous, circa 1855-1856 


  Box Folder
Text   3 1-3

Calculations, 1855 January 


  Box Folder
Text   3 4

Calculations, 1855 February - March 


  Box Folder
Text   3 5

Calculations, 1855 February 8-22 


  Box Folder
Text   3 6

Calculations, 1855 February 22-28 


  Box Folder
Text   3 7

Calculations, 1855 March- June 


  Box Folder
Text   3 8

Calculations, 1855 March 2-12 


  Box Folder
Text   3 9

Calculations, 1855 April 25 


  Box Folder
Text   3 10

Calculations,  1855 May 


  Box Folder
Text   3 11

Calculations, 1855 June 10 


  Box Folder
Text   3 12

Column 44 of the trial table, 1855 June 20 


  Box Folder
Text   3 13

Calculations, 1855 June 20 


  Box Folder
Text   3 14

Calculations, 1855 July- August 


  Box Folder
Text   3 15

Calculations for Turbine No. 3 of the Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1855 July- September 


  Box Folder
Text   3 16

Calculations from the table, 1855 July 1 


  Box Folder
Text   3 17

Deduction of the motions of the water at its exit from the wheel of Turbine No. 3 of the Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1855 August 13 


  Box Folder
Text   3 18

Calculations for the table of "Experiments with Turbine No. 3 of the Atlantic Cotton Mills, Nos. 1 and 2," 1855 September- October 


  Box Folder
Text   3 19

Calculations, 1855 September 


  Box Folder
Text   3 20

Calculations, 1856 February- June 


  Box Folder
Text   3 21

Calculations, 1856 February 1 


  Box Folder
Text   3 22

Measures of angles, 1856 November- December 


  Box Folder
Text   3 23

Calculations, 1856 November 


  Box Folder
Text   3 24

Fairmount Experiments, circa 1860 


  Box Folder
Text   3 25

Reports from Edward Sawyer, 1860 April 14-17 


  Box Folder
Text   3 26

Calculations, 1860 August- October 


  Box Folder
Text   3 27

Tables, 1860 September 


  Box Folder
Text   3 28

Calculations, 1861 July- November 


  Box Folder
Text   3 29

Drawings, 1870 


  Box Folder
Text   3 30

Report to the Boston Water Power Company, undated 


  Box Folder
Text   3 31

Old Curves, undated 


  Box Folder
Text   3 32

Calculations, undated 


  Box Folder
Text   3 33-37

Miscellaneous, circa 1825-1873 


  Box Folder
Text   3 38

Miscellaneous, circa 1855  


  Box Folder
Text   20 6

Miscellaneous notes and papers, undated 


  Box Folder
Text   3 39-40

Miscellaneous, undated 


  Box Folder
Text   4 1

Return to Table of Contents »


Series 3, Subject Files, circa 1827-1875 

Legoyt., Journal officiel, Moreau de Jonnes, French Periodicals, Journal of the Statistical Society of England, Crimea, Kingslake, Police of Boston, Bulletin de l'Association, De Vries, Lavage, Reports of the Department of Agriculture, Vomeau's Cyclopaeida, Tobacco Trade, Pierpont, circa 1846-1870 


  Box Folder
Text   4 2

Russia- punishment for smoking, Smithsonian, Governor Andrew, Laussure, Taves, Genesis, Putrefaction, MacCulloch, Schoolcraft, Clavigero, circa 1867-1869 


  Box Folder
Text   4 3

Piropont's trial, Statistics of tobacco, Regnault, Explosions at Libastopal?, Bulletin of Tobacco, Statistics, Catlin, Liebig, Publications about Indians, Adams Express, Morrell Vermont, Liebig- Agricultural Robbery, Lquier v. Davis?, Adams Express Company, Schoolcraft, Muller, Lapham, Vufran Zuit? 1869, Lufitian, Ledler, Heckewelder, circa 1839-1870 


  Box Folder
Text   4 4

Letter to Seth Boyden, Taxes- Bible, Vice, Indian account of tobacco, circa 1840-1868 


  Box Folder
Text   4 5

Garde nationale at Paris, Imperial dicitonary of universal biography, Kitto's Bible Cyclopaedia, Sabbath, Censuses of England, Ezra, Catechisms, Vavnhagen v. Ense?, Herzog's Cyclopaedia, Writing, Divorces, Hunt's Merchants Magazines, War with Prussia, Letter for Mr. Fox, Brockhaus, circa 1857-1871 


  Box Folder
Text   4 6

St. Claire de Ville, Deville & Debray, High temperatures, Hydraulic limes, Behu, Legoyt, Annales d' Hugiene, Lunatics, Crucibles, Hydraulic Cin?, St. Claire Deville, Henry Rose, nickel, circa 1835-1866 


  Box Folder
Text   4 7

Enrolling soldiers in New York, Herodotus, Moses, Pierpont, Galileo Galilei, Paley, Drawing Instruments, Lincoln & Seymour, Piccioli, Investigation on Gas Alcohol, circa 1851-1866 


  Box Folder
Text   4 8

Memoirs of the Academy of France, Travels in Mexico, Lquier, Bancroft, Zuakers, Sketches for drawing, Lubeck, Electricity, Hening, Well's Phrenological Journal, Institutes of Menu, Phrenological Journal, Mules in the Alps, Ethyl, Methyl, circa 1843-1869 


  Box Folder
Text   4 9

Jackson, Babo, Lehirmer, Liebig, Hosford, Agassiz, Medical Times, Census of Ireland, Asylums in Great Britain, In 1861 the Census of Great Britain was on April 8, Antiseptics, MJackson, Babo, Lehirmer, Liebig, Hosford, Agassiz, Medical Times, Census of Ireland, Asylums in Great Britain, In 1861 the Census of Great Britain was on April 8, Antiseptics, Maleschott, circa 1855-1870 


  Box Folder
Text   4 10

Journal of Economists, Legoyt, Liebig, Fermentation, Cagniard de la Tour, Monardes, Greek Manuscripts, Ancient Manuscripts, Fines, Liebig, Drawings for 42 inch rule, Ozone, Antozone, Lot at Savin Hill, circa 1838-1870 


  Box Folder
Text   4 11

Hydraulic lime, St. Claire de Ville, circa 1834-1868 


  Box Folder
Text   4 12

Mammoth Cave, Liebig, Pasteur, Mitscherlich, Fermentation, circa 1845-1870 


  Box Folder
Text   4 13

Lunatics, Schoolcraft, Pierpont, Esquirol, Smithsonian Institution, Tobacco Bulletin, Festivals in France, Religion in China, the Creation, Sir William Jones, Liquor in Massachusetts, Chester T. Reed, Danielli Battery, Urbino, Equivalent, Electric Pile, Latimer Clark, Navajoes, circa 1855-1870 


  Box Folder
Text   4 14

Thermo-Electricity, circa 1858-1868 


  Box Folder
Text   4 15

Lot at Brookline, Electricity, Census 1860-65, Lunatics, Boerhaave, circa 1864-1865 


  Box Drawer
Text   4 16

Griscom, Dublin Medical Press. Lancet, Prohibition in Massachussets, Medical periodicals at the public library, Polytechnic School at Paris, Bernards American Journal of Education, Humboldt's Cosmos, 6640.34 report sur le progress d'Hygiene, Tobacco in France, circa 1852-1860 


  Box Folder
Text   4 17

Polytechnic School in Paris, Lunatics in England, Methodical Cyclopaedia, Esquirol, House- Documents, Bible, Boerhave, Haller, Bible, Census Massachusetts United States, Lunatics, Dr. Jarvis, Stearns Croft, Meyer's Cyclopaedia, Annales d'Hygiene, circa 1843-1865 


  Box Folder
Text   3 18

Lunatics in Great Britain, circa 1852-1862 


  Box Folder
Text   4 19

Taxes, Monardes, circa 1827-1871 


  Box Box
Text   4 20

Bookstores in Boston, 5210.2 Spectator Tobacco, Comptes Rendus, Liquor Laws Mass., Lunatics, Bertillon, Census, Lunatics, Lancet, Quakers smoke sometimes, Institute of France, Edio. Capen?, Pierpont, Humboldt, Fairholt, Correlation of growth, French periodicals, circa 1857-1868 


  Box Folder
Text   4 21

Liebig, undated 


  Box Folder
Text   4 22

Annales d'Hygiene,  Statistics of Insane People, Esquirol, Appleton, Census, Francis de Witt,  Philosophical Magazine, Genesis,  Oxford Bible 1755, circa 1852-1865 


  Box Folder
Text   4 23

Loschmidt, Maxwell, Clausius, circa 1860-1866 


  Box Folder
Text   4 24

Consumption of Tobacco, Governor Andrew, Hilgard, Consumption of Tobacco, Homans Cyclopaedia, Crime in Massachusetts, French Periodicals, License law, Statistics, circa 1853-1870 


  Box Folder
Text   4 25

Tobacco raised in the U.S., Tobacco in France Bulletin, Comptes Rendus, Lunatics in France, Moreau de Jonnes, Statistics of France, Governor Andrew, Charitable Institutions, Tobacco in Maryland, Census of the United States, Statistics of tobacco, Lunatics, Books on Populations, United States Statistics, Commercial and Financial Chronicle, Hunt's Merchant's Magazine, Population of the Globe, Tobacco in France, 1843-1870 


  Box Folder
Text   4 26

Tobacco in France, Tobacco Trade, [Babo?] Hoffacken?, Lebastopal Explosion, Governor Andrew, License law, Annales d'Hygiene, Legoyt Statistics, Moraeu de Jonnes, Tobacco in West India, Political Economy of France, Hunt's Merchants Magazine, Lunatics in France, [Behic?], circa 1841-1870 


  Box Folder
Text   4 27

Savage's Report on Drunkenness, Liebig, Kurtzing, Borg de St. Vincent, Philosophical Transactions, Enchelis?, Voltaire, Medusae, Smithsonian Institution, Zedler's Universal Lexicon, Liquor, Charles T. Jackson- 1867 March 9, Serpents, Animalculae, Double souled kingdom, Borg de St. Vincent, Gas investigation, Insanity Nostalgia, Appleton, circa 1857-1872 


  Box Folder
Text   4 28

Egypt Papyrus, Max Uhleman?, Bunsen, O. Hanser, Lepsius, Bougsoh?, John Wesley, Jameson, Berthelot, Austie, Alcohol, Maleschott, circa 1835-1865 


  Box Folder
Text   4 29

French Bulletin, Medical Annales, French periodicals, Archives of Medicine, Bertillon, Elohist Jehovist, Sabbath, (Abbot), Esquirol, Lunatics, China, Dictionaries, Harvard College, Eliot, Boerhave, Moses, rate, ratio, proportion, Hebrew language, History of Astronomy, Lunatics hospitals, circa 1839-1870 


  Box Folder
Text   4 30

Registration Reports, Chief of Police Savage's Statement, Census United States, Esqiurol, Consumption, Boerhave, Sabbath, Elohim Jehovah, Boston Medical Journal, Statistics, Jarvis, Germans in America, Hunt's Merchant's Magazine, Bowditch? Richardson, Allen Derby?, McCulloch's Dictionary, circa 1853-1870 


  Box Folder
Text   4 31

Lebastopal, Tobacco Bulletin, Births- Boston, Increase of populations, Sunday among the Mahometans and Chinese, Population of the Earth, Westminister divines, Buddhism, Veda?, Schlegintweit?, Boerhaus?, Peterman, Gotting, French Bulletin, circa 1842-1868 


  Box Folder
Text   4 32

Heliostat, gambey, Lilbermann, Pagrard, L'Gravesand, Drummond, Foucault, Gruel, Brande, Fahrenheit, Meyerstein, circa 1844-1874 


  Box Folder
Text   5 1

Survey of a lot in Longwood, undated 


  Box Folder
Text   5 2

Marcus, London Reader, Appleton's Cyclopaedia, Poggendorff's Annals, Bunsen, Philadelphia Magazine, Becquerel, circa 1865-1867 


  Box Folder
Text   5 3

Pressure of water, Clausius Motion power of heat, Electricity, Fiske, on Tobacco, Fines in Boston, Thomas Hearn, Latimer Clark, Brockhaus, Fleming Jenkin, Watt's Dictionary, Fines- Boston, circa 1856-1869 


  Box Folder
Text   5 4

Stimulants, Antiseptics, Boeckh, Production & Consumption of Tobacco, Phinician stone at Marseilles, American Indians, Vernier, James B. Libbey, Greek Papyrus, Different kinds of tobacco, Bromide of Ethyl, Pasteur, Missionaries, Schwann, Libbey, Hebrew Language, Voit Vegetable food, Leibig- on the source of animal force, Permutation?, London Medical Times, Patagonians, Ewald?, circa 1850-1871 


  Box Folder
Text   5 5

Tobacco, Ben Franklin- Sparks, Riding in Cars, Point Shirley, Smith & Hamilton, Flugel, Zeuner Bailluene, Chemical words, Weisbe?, Crucibles, Oliver Warner, Healthfulness of different occupations, Letters to Seth Boyden, Letter of Libbey, Point Shirley, circa 1861-1868 


  Box Folder
Text   5 6

Point Shirley 1868, Buchanan's funeral 1868 June 4, Battle of Bunker hill 1868 June 17, Commodore Bell 1868 June 30, Fourth of July 1868, Burlingame and the Chinese 1868 August 20 1868, circa 1868 


  Box Folder
Text   5 7

Bismuth, Appleton at Nepouset, Lowell Liquor cases, circa 1822-1872 


  Box Folder
Text   5 8

Electricity, Fisk, Fairhold, (tin cups), Murders in Massachusetts, Reed Foster, Crime in Massachusetts, circa 1865-1869 


  Box Folder
Text   5 9

Tobacco Cultivation, Egypt- Bunsen, Rossellini, Papyrus, circa 1854-1870 


  Box Folder
Text   5 10

Vegetable, Tapeworm, Apple, Dust in Lungs, Numbers of fires and alarms, Thermo-elements, William Coxe, Governor Andrew, Board of Health, Wallis Assessor, English grammar, Fowler, Pipes- Humboldt, Smithsonian Contributions, Atwater?, Agassiz, Schoolcraft, Baegert Navajoes, Lilliman, Darvin, Wagner, circa 1864-1868 


  Box Folder
Text   5 11

Electricity, Cold well at Brandon, Tobacco in France, Hammond, Fiske, Alarms of fire, Electrical measurements, circa 1861-1869 


  Box Folder
Text   5 12

Electricity, Crockers ware stones, Fiske, Darwin, Fire alarms, Wallis, Brandon Well, Crime in Massachusetts, Stimulant, circa 1863-1869 


  Box Folder
Text   5 13

Tobacco for the wounded, Governor Andrew, Galaxy (Sheldon), Virginia Tobacco (London Times), Four Gospels, Tobacco trade, License question, Use of Tobacco and Coffee, Liebig- source of muscular power, Fire alarms, Greek manuscripts- division into words, Elert, Fires, Donald Fraser Grant or Page, Governor Andrew, Liebig, United States Report on Tobacco, circa 1845-1871 


  Box Folder
Text   5 14

References, Darwin, Hindu Law, Brande & Cox, Antiseptics, Fire Alarms, Darwin, Horticulture, Plaff, Clarke's Pamphlet, Consumption, Tabernacles, Phthisis, Apple, Darwin, Census, City Documents, Penny Cyclopaedia, British Cyclopaedia, circa 1866-1869 


  Box Folder
Text   5 15

Measuring lot in Brookline, undated 


  Box Folder
Text   5 16

North Star, Lunatics, Lot on Savin Hill, circa 1863-1872 


  Box Folder
Text   5 17

Greece, Egypt, Enrollment, Acaleph?, Borg de St. Vincent, Tobacco culture, Dumidken?, Alcohol, Red heat, Berthellot, Liebig, Herodotus, circa 1847-1872 


  Box Folder
Text   5 18

Cold well at Brandon, circa 1869 


  Box Folder
Text   5 19

Electricity, Philosophical Transactions, Bibliotheque Universalle, Paggendorff's Annalen, circa 1866-1868 


  Box Folder
Text   5 20

Astonomy, Galileo, Prohibited books, Paley, Fires, Medical and Surgical Reporter, Insanity in the Army, circa 1862-1871 


  Box Folder
Text   5 21

Neumann, Chief of Police, Electricity, Stafan, Liebig, State Charities, circa 1858-1871 


  Box Folder
Text   5 22

Nickel, D.W. Appleton, Massachusetts Census 1870, Fire Alarms, Lot at Longwood, Electricity, Lunatics Hospitals- Massachusetts, Effects of War on Insanity, circa 1851-1872 


  Box Folder
Text   5 23

Buckingham, Enrollment, Alcohol, Maffitt, Enrollment in New York, Lunacy, Lancet, American births and Irish births, Lunatics in England, circa 1822-1872 


  Box Folder
Text   5 24

Lowell Liquor Dealers, Bismuth, Crimean War, Appleton, New York Bismuth, 1856-1872 


  Box Folder
Text   5 25

Firemen's Reports, New York Fire Report, Lunacy in England, Cemin? in England 1871, Hansard's Debates, Lunatics Worcester, Electricity Thermo, circa 1835-1871 circa 1835-1871 


  Box Folder
Text   5 26

Census 1870 Massachusetts, Lunatics Massachusetts, Lowell Institute first lecture, Fire alarms, Irish births, Census Great Britain, circa 1840-1871 


  Box Folder
Text   5 27

Holtzer, Biccioli, Wilkinson, circa 1851-1872 


  Box Folder
Text   5 28-29

Lowell Institute, 1860 and 1861 Chronology, Astonomy, Thermo-Electricity, Avenarius, Mattiessen, Lunatics Massachusetts, Effects of the war on insanity, Lunatics Massachusetts Tables, circa 1839-1871 


  Box Folder
Text   5 30

Causes of fires, Lunatics in England, Thermo Electricity- Le Boux, Schroder van der Kolk, Fleming Jenkin, Bacquerel, Genesis, circa 1864-1871 


  Box Folder
Text   5 31

Untitled, circa 1854-1872 


  Box Folder
Text   6 1

Untitled, circa 1851-1872 


  Box Folder
Text   6 2

Untitled, circa 1859-1873 


  Box Folder
Text   6 3

Nickel, Air Pumps, circa 1866-1875 


  Box Folder
Text   6 4

Meteorology,  circa 1840-1874 


  Box Folder
Text   6 5

Meteorology, circa 1847-1874 


  Box Folder
Text   6 6

Meteorology, Blaise Pascal, 1829-1874 


  Box Folder
Text   6 7

Meteorology, circa 1838-1874 


  Box Folder
Text   6 8

Meteorology, circa 1874 


  Box Folder
Text   6 9

Nickel, Air Pumps, circa 1862-1875 


  Box Folder
Text   6 10

Nickel, Air Pumps, circa 1863-1875 


  Box Folder
Text   6 11

Index, undated 


  Box Folder
Text   6 12

Return to Table of Contents »


Series 4, Notes and Papers, 1806-1879 

Papers, 1806-1878 


  Box Folder
Text   6 13

Extract from a memoir on the capacity of the gases for caloric, 1812 January 20 


  Box Folder
Text   6 14

Experimental determination of the absolute zero of heat and the specific caloric of gases, 1819 


  Box Folder
Text   6 15

References to original papers and books, circa 1820-1865 


  Box Folder
Text   6 16-17

Repulsion of heated bodies, 1825 June 13 


  Box Folder
Text   6 18

Notes, 1827-1869 


  Box Folder
Text   6 19

Mutual repulsion of bodies, 1828 


  Box Folder
Text   6 20

Effects of heat on glass, 1828 March 24 


  Box Folder
Text   6 21

Investigations on the specific heat of elastic fluids, 1828 May 18 


  Box Folder
Text   6 22

Annalen der Physik und Chemie, 1829 


  Box Folder
Text   6 23

Compositions, circa 1829-1834 


  Box Folder
Text   6 24

Patents, circa 1829-1846 


  Box Folder
Text   6 25

Miscellaneous, 1830-1837 


  Box Folder
Text   6 26

Annalen der Physik und Chemie, 


  Box Folder
Text   6 27

Annalen der Physik und Chemie, 1833 


  Box Folder
Text   6 28

Rough sketch of the Merrimack River, 1833 


  Box Folder
Text   6 29

Meteorology, circa 1834-1875 


  Box Folder
Text   6 30-31

A plan of roads at Colonel Jaques' in Wilmington, 1834 October 27 


  Box Folder
Text   6 32

Notes on gas, circa 1835-1879 


  Box Folder
Text   6 33

Record book, 1836 


  Box Folder
Text   6 34

Account of experiments made in Merrimack River, 1836 November 17 


  Box Folder
Text   6 35

Survey of the Jackson Manufacuring Company's mill work, circa 1839 


  Box Folder
Text   6 36

Report on the Jackson Manufacturing Company's mill work, 1839 May 24 


  Box Folder
Text   6 37

Translations and copies of papers relating to meteorology, circa 1840-1875 


  Box Folder
Text   7 1-2

Report on sewers for the City of Lowell, 1840 June 2 


  Box Folder
Text   7 3

Report on the Jackson Manufacturing Company's Dam, 1841 August 21- 1846 November 4 


  Box Folder
Text   7 4

Report on the Nashua Mills, 1841 December 24 


  Box Folder
Text   7 5

A treatise on the heat of permanent gases, 1842 


  Box Folder
Text   7 6

Experiments upon the specific heat of the gases and of the air at different pressures, 1842 September 


  Box Folder
Text   7 7

Report of the Water Commissioners to the Lowell Companies, 1842 December 14 


  Box Folder
Text   7 8

Notes, circa 1843 


  Box Folder
Text   7 9

Experiments on the specific heat of steam, 1843 


  Box Folder
Text   7 10

Electiricty- original experiments, circa 1843-1870 


  Box Folder
Text   7 11-14

Estimate of cost of aqueduct, cistern, and pumping apparatus for the Boston Iron Company, 1843 August 19 


  Box Folder
Text   7 15

Plan for railroad from Lowell to Andover, circa 1844 November 19 


  Box Folder
Text   7 16

Note on the physical constitution of elastic fluids, 1845 June 19 


  Box Folder
Text   7 17

Inquiry concerning the elastic forces of vapor of water or steam, 1845 July 


  Box Folder
Text   7 18

Sketches, circa 1846-1879 


  Box Folder
Text   7 19-20

Studies concerning bodies in the speroidal state, circa 1847 


  Box Folder
Text   7 21-22

On the dilation of elastic fluids, 1847 


  Box Folder
Text   7 23

On the law of the compressibility of elastic fluids, 1847 


  Box Folder
Text   7 24

On the mode of obtaining force, 1847 July 28 


  Box Folder
Text   7 25

Report to the Lewiston Water Power Company, 1848 March 31 


  Box Folder
Text   7 26

Notes on sound, circa 1850-1864 


  Box Folder
Text   7 27-28

Thermochrosis, or calorific coloration, 1850 


  Box Folder
Text   8 1-2

Notes of experiments on sound made at Chelsea, 1850 


  Box Folder
Text   8 3

Translations and copies of papers on sound, 1851-1862 


  Box Folder
Text   8 4-5

Foucault's pendulum experiments, 1851 February 


  Box Folder
Text   8 6

Optics- second article on heliochromy, 1852 May 


  Box Folder
Text   8 7

Observations made at Boston to ascertain whether the pressure of the air on the earth changes at the eclipse of the sun, 1854 May 


  Box Folder
Text   8 8

Proceedings of the Royal Society, 1855 June 21 


  Box Folder
Text   8 9

Translations and copies of papers on electricity, circa 1856-1879 


  Box Folder
Text   8 10-12

The constitution of fluids, circa 1857 


  Box Folder
Text   8 13

Computations for chronometer, circa 1857-1858 


  Box Folder
Text   8 14-15

Report on the bursting of a locomotive, 1857 February 


  Box Folder
Text   8 16

Memoires de l'Academie Royale des Sciences de l'Institut de France, 1857 June-July 


  Box Folder
Text   8 17

Notes, directions, and computations relating to a design for a chronometer, circa 1859 


  Box Folder
Text   8 18-20

Gifford injector, circa 1861 


  Box Folder
Text   8 21-22

Experiment with the Gifford injector, circa 1861 


  Box Folder
Text   8 23

Experiments on the chemical combination of oxygen with liquids at atmospheric temperatures, circa 1861 


  Box Folder
Text   9 1-6

Chemistry, circa 1861-1876 


  Box Folder
Text   9 7-10

Translations from the Comptes Rendus of the Academy of Sciences of Paris, 1861 April 8 


  Box Folder
Text   9 11

Notes, 1862 


  Box Folder
Text   9 12

Translations and copies of papers relating to explosives, circa 1862-1873 


  Box Folder
Text   9 13

Theoretical formulas for the motion of air in conducting pipes, 1862 February 24 


  Box Folder
Text   9 14

Report on an apparatus of Mr. Carre having for its object the producing of artificial cold, 1862 April 21 


  Box Folder
Text   9 15

Third memoir on mechanical work and its transformation, 1862 April 28 


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Text   9 16

On the measure of the densities of saturated vapors, 1862 May 5 


  Box Folder
Text   9 17

Explosions produced by niter in burning buildings, undated 


  Box Folder
Text   11 18

Remarks made by Mr. Duhamel, on the subject of a previous communication, 1862 August 4 


  Box Folder
Text   9 19

Remarks on the length of waves propelled in a cylindrical tube, 1862 August 11 


  Box Folder
Text   9 20

Meissner's researches on oxygen, 1863 


  Box Folder
Text   9 21

Contributions to the knowledge concerning ozone, 1863 


  Box Folder
Text   9 22

Researches in physics, 1863 August 


  Box Folder
Text   9 23

Experiments on sound at the Charlestown aqueduct, 1864 


  Box Folder
Text   9 24-25

Notes, 1864 June 


  Box Folder
Text   9 26

Meteorology, circa 1865-1871 


  Box Folder
Text   9 27-28

Experiments to ascertain the effects of rays on bisulphide of carbon, circa 1866 


  Box Folder
Text   9 29

Cold Well at Brandon, Vermont, 1869 


  Box Folder
Text   10 1

Notes, circa 1870 


  Box Folder
Text   10 2

Notes, circa 1870-1871 


  Box Folder
Text   10 3

Notes, circa 1870-1872 


  Box Folder
Text   10 4

Tests for mercury vapor, 1871 December 11 


  Box Folder
Text   10 5

Fires in Boston, circa 1874 


  Box Folder
Text   10 6-15

Concerning laws and corporations, circa 1874 


  Box Folder
Text   10 16

Attraction and repulsion by heat and light, and repulsion by sound, 1874 


  Box Folder
Text   10 17

To the Directors of the New England Glass Company, 1874 October 


  Box Folder
Text   10 18

Conduction of heat by gases, 1875 


  Box Folder
Text   10 19

Ueber das Radiometer von Crookes, 1876 


  Box Folder
Text   10 20

Annalen der Physik und Chemie, 1877 


  Box Folder
Text   10 21

An essay on caloric repulsing, caloric attracting, and its attracting ponderable matter, circa 1878 


  Box Folder
Text   10 22

Sur la repulsion qui resulte de la radiation, 1878 


  Box Folder
Text   10 23

Introduction to paper on radiometer, circa 1878 


  Box Folder
Text   10 24

Translations and copies of papers related to caloric, circa 1879 


  Box Folder
Text   10 25-27

Experiments in making glass, circa 1879 


  Box Folder
Text   10 28-29

Absorption of ultra-violet rays, 1879 June 2 


  Box Folder
Text   11 1

Resistance to planes, 1879 June 16 


  Box Folder
Text   11 2

Theory of radiometer, 1879 June 23 


  Box Folder
Text   11 3

Drawings, undated 


  Box Folder
Text   11 4

Reviews of memoirs, undated 


  Box Folder
Text   11 5

Researches in meteorology, first series, heat and the constitution of aeriform fluids, undated 


  Box Folder
Text   11 6-9

Copied, undated 


  Box Folder
Text   11 10

Physics paper, undated 


  Box Folder
Text   11 11

Calculations, undated 


  Box Folder
Text   11 12-13

Article on the pertubations produced in the vibratory motions of a system of molecules by the influence of another system, undated 


  Box Folder
Text   11 14

Experiments on oils, undated 


  Box Folder
Text   11 15-16

Memoires de l'Academie des Sciences de i'Institut Imperial de France, undated 


  Box Folder
Text   11 17

Ueber die mechanischen Wirkungen des Lichtes und der strachlenden Warme, undated 


  Box Folder
Text   11 18

Description of apparatus, undated 


  Box Folder
Text   11 19

Investigations on the specific heats of elastic fluids, undated 


  Box Folder
Text   11 20

Zollner, radiometric theories, undated 


  Box Folder
Text   11 21

Mechanical force, undated 


  Box Folder
Text   11 22

Population statistics, undated 


  Box Folder
Text   11 23

Computation of force of gravity at Boston, undated 


  Box Folder
Text   11 24

Copy of untitled paper, undated 


  Box Folder
Text   11 25

Paper on sound, undated 


  Box Folder
Text   11 26-27

Miscellaneous, circa 1820-1879 


  Box Folder
Text   11 28-29

Miscellaneous, circa 1835-1853 


  Box Folder
Text   20 7

Miscellaneous, undated 


  Box Folder
Text   12 1-7

Return to Table of Contents »


Series 5, Notebooks, 1819-1867 

Notes from scientific journals about physics and chemistry, 1818-1862 


  Box Folder
Text   15 1

Experiments on the times required to heat equal volumes of different gases, 1819 


  Box Folder
Text   19 1

Translations and copies of papers relating to specific heats, 1819 


  Box Folder
Text   19 2-3

Notes concerning various canals and mills, 1825-1863 


  Box Folder
Text   17 1-20

Catalogue of my estate on the first of the year, 1826 


  Box Folder
Text   19 4-6

Notes from work with Boston and Lowell Railroad Company, 1833-1834 


  Box Folder
Text   19 7

Notes on track work for the Boston and Lowell Railroad, 1834 


  Box Folder
Text   15 2-3

Diary of tides, 1835 


  Box Folder
Text   15 4-5

List of addresses of dwellings in Boston, 1838-1871 


  Box Folder
Text   19 8

Surveyors' notebooks of canals and property, circa 1840 


  Box Folder
Text   19 9-15

Personal memorandum and notes, circa 1842 


  Box Folder
Text   15 6-16

Experiments with waterwheels at the shop of the Proprietors of the Locks and Canals, 1844 


  Box Folder
Text   15 17-22

Turbine experiments made at the Lowell Appleton Company and others, 1846-1853 


  Box Folder Folder
Text   17-18 21-27 1-4

Model waterwheel constructed by James B. Francis, 1847 


  Box Folder
Text   15 23-24

Experiments on sound made at various places, 1848, 1850, 1867 


  Box Folder
Text   15-16 25-27, 1-3

Experiments with turbine No. 3 of the Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1851 


  Box Folder
Text   18 15-20

Experiments to ascertain effect of a prop in a diffuser, 1852 October 


  Box Folder
Text   16 4-12

Research concerning thermometers, 1858 


  Box Folder
Text   16 13-14

Experiments in electro magnetism, 1859 


  Box Folder
Text   16 15-21

Notes of surveys about the cold well at Brandon, Vermont, 1867 


  Box Folder
Text   19 16-22

Research on thermometers, undated 


  Box Folder
Text   18 21-22

Unidentified, undated undated 


  Box Folder
Text   18 23-24

Return to Table of Contents »


Series 6, Lawsuits, 1836-1864 

Answers to the Interrogatories filed by the Boston Water Power Company in Boston Water Power Company v. Horace Gray, circa 1836-1842 


  Box Folder
Text   12 8

Boyden's answers to interrogatories filed by the Boston Water Power Company, circa 1836-1842 


  Box Folder
Text   12 9

Letters of Reference, 1838 November 2-3 


  Box Folder
Text   12 10

Correspondence, 1846 August 4-1852 May 3 


  Box Folder
Text   12 11

Correspondence, 1846 August 4-1855 September 19 


  Box Folder
Text   12 12

Correspondence, 1846 August 4- 1850 December 19 


  Box Folder
Text   12 13

Extra copies, correspondence, 1846-1855 


  Box Folder
Text   12 14

Boyden v. the Atlantic Cotton Mills, circa 1850-1852 


  Box Folder
Text   12 15

Correspondence, 1851 January 1- December 1 


  Box Folder
Text   12 16

Deposition of Levi S. York, Boyden v. Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1851 November 7 


  Box Folder
Text   12 17

Legal documents and correspondence, Boyden v. Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1851 December 


  Box Folder
Text   12 18

Answer of the Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1852 January 


  Box Folder
Text   12 19

Interrogatories submitted to James Hay, Boyden v. Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1852 March 


  Box Folder
Text   12 20

Replication of Uriah Boyden to Atlantic Cotton Mills answer, 1852 March 


  Box Folder
Text   12 21

Deposition of Charles Henry Weston, Boyden v. Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1852 April 23 


  Box Folder
Text   12 22

Correspondence, 1852 May 1- September 18 


  Box Folder
Text   12 23

Deposition of Norman Whitney Stearns, Boyden v. Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1852 September 15 


  Box Folder
Text   12 24

Deposition of Charles Henry Weston, Boyden v. Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1852 September 25 


  Box Folder
Text   12 25

Correspondence, 1852 September 27- 1852 August 2 


  Box Folder
Text   12 26

Deposition of James Hay, Boyden v. Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1852 October 12 


  Box Folder
Text   12 27

Deposition of Daniel Coburn, Boyden v. Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1852 January 15 


  Box Folder
Text   12 28

Calculations on Table, 1854 February 20 


  Box Folder
Text   12 29

Deposition of Maximilian S. G. Wilde, Boyden v. Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1854 April 3 


  Box Folder
Text   12 30

Deposition of Arthur Neill, Boyden v. Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1854 April 19 


  Box Folder
Text   12 31

Calculations of the tables, 1854 July 1- September 1 


  Box Folder
Text   12 32

Deposition of Daniel Haffely, Boyden v. Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1854 September 8 


  Box Folder
Text   12 33

Deposition of Maximilian S. G. Wilde, Boyden v. Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1854 August 22 


  Box Folder
Text   12 34

Writings of Uriah Boyden, Boyden v. Atlantic Cotton Mills, circa 1855 


  Box Folder
Text   13 1-6

Deposition of Ezekial A. Straw, Boyden v. Atlantic Cotton Mills, circa 1855 


  Box Folder
Text   13 7

Deposition of Levi S. York, Boyden v. Atlantic Cotton Mills, circa 1855 


  Box Folder
Text   13 8

Interrogatories to be put to William Gray, Boyden v. Atlantic Cotton Mills, circa 1855 


  Box Folder
Text   13 9

Deposition of Oliver W. Bailey, 1855 March 1 


  Box Folder
Text   13 10

A statement of some expenses in measuring the power expended in actuating turbine No. 3 of the Atlantic Cotton Mills, circa 1855 September- December 


  Box Folder
Text   13 11

Correspondence, 1855 September 10-21 


  Box Folder
Text   13 12

Deposition of E. S. Chesbrough, Boyden v. Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1855 September 17 


  Box Folder
Text   13 13

Notes, Boyden v. Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1855 September 20-21 


  Box Folder
Text   13 14

Deposition of Joseph M. Stone, 1855 October 16 


  Box Folder
Text   13 15

Arbitrators, Boyden v. Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1855 November 


  Box Folder
Text   13 16

Deposition of John Swyney, Boyden v. Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1855 November 


  Box Folder
Text   13 17

Deposition of John M. Smith, Boyden v. Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1855 November 10 


  Box Folder
Text   13 18

Boyden's reply to the answer of the Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1855 November 21 


  Box Drawer
Text   13 19

Deposition of Ellwood Morris, Boyden v. Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1855 December 3 


  Box Folder
Text   13 20

Deposition of Alexander Dalls Bache, Boyden v. Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1855 December 3 


  Box Folder
Text   13 21

Deposition of Ellwood Morris, Boyden v. Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1855 December 3 


  Box Folder
Text   13 22

Deposition of William Hamilton, Boyden v. Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1855 December 3 


  Box Folder
Text   13 23

Deposition of Ezekial Albert Shaw, Boyden v. Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1855 December 3 


  Box Folder
Text   13 24

Deposition of William Hamilton, Boyden v. Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1855 December 3 


  Box Folder
Text   13 25

Letters, Documents, and Decision, Boyden v. Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1855 December 7- 1856 February 14 


  Box Folder
Text   13 26

Notice to Defendant to Produce Papers, Boyden v. Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1855 December 10 


  Box Folder
Text   13 27

Deposition of Ezekial A. Straw, Boyden v. Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1855 December 18 


  Box Drawer
Text   13 28

Depositions of Oliver W. Bailey, Arthur Neills, Charles H. Weston, Daniel Coburn, Maximilian S. J. Wilde, Boyden vs. Atlantic Cotton Mills, circa 1856 


  Box Folder
Text   13 29

Exhibit F, Boyden vs. Atlantic Cotton Mills, circa 1856 


  Box Folder
Text   13 30

Deposition of Norman W. Stearns, Boyden v. Atlantic Cotton Mills, circa 1856 


  Box Folder
Text   13 31

Witnesses for Plaintiff, Boyden v. Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1856 January 10 


  Box Folder
Text   13 32

Boyden v. Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1856 January- February 


  Box Folder
Text   13 33

Witnesses, Boyden v. Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1856 February 10 


  Box Folder
Text   13 34

Deposition of Uriah Boyden, Oswego Canal Company v. Henry M. Ames & Isaac L. Merriam, 856 December 1 


  Box Folder
Text   13 35

Letter to Treasurer of Nashua Manufacturing Company, 1859 January 29 


  Box Folder
Text   13 36

Letter to James B. Francis, 1864 January 16 


  Box Folder
Text   13 37

Depositions of Abraham Mitchell, John M. Smith, E. S. Chesbrough, D. Haffely, undated 


  Box Folder
Text   13 38

Deposition of Ezekial A. Straw, undated 


  Box Folder
Text   13 39

Deposition of Uriah Boyden, Boston Water Power Company v. Horace Gray, undated 


  Box Folder
Text   13 40

Deposition of Joseph M. Stone, undated 


  Box Folder
Text   13 41

Miscellaneous, circa 1839-1861 


  Box Folder
Text   13 42

Return to Table of Contents »


Series 7, Financial Papers, 1820-1876 

Deed, 1812 October-1820 November 


  Box Folder
Text   13 43

Deed of Partition, 1820 November-1869 July 


  Box Folder
Text   13 44

Records of the New England Glass Company, circa 1827-1838 


  Box Folder
Text   13 45

Account Book, 1828-1866 


  Box Folder
Text   13 46

Expense of a hotel, 1833 February 


  Box Folder
Text   13 47

Copies of receipts given by U. A. Boyden, circa 1834-1879 


  Box Folder
Text   13 48-49

Meetings of the Directors of the Nashua and Lowell Railroad, 1836 June- 1839 May 


  Box Folder
Text   13 50

Requests to buy for Uriah Atherton Boyden, circa 1843-1878 


  Box Folder
Text   13 51

Timesheets, 1851 March- 1852 June 


  Box Folder
Text   13 52

Time of W. H. Stearns, 1853 July 


  Box Folder
Text   13 53

Reports of Income, Internal Revenue, 1864-1871 


  Box Folder
Text   14 1

Quitclaim deed, 1864 July 19 


  Box Folder
Text   14 2

Minutes of dividends received, circa 1866-1879 


  Box Folder
Text   14 3

Dividend notices, 1867-1871 


  Box Folder
Text   14 4

A statement relating to Boyden's subscription to a Humboldt Scholarship, circa 1870 


  Box Folder
Text   14 5

Circulars delivered to stockholders of the New England Glass Company, circa 1870-1875 


  Box Folder
Text   14 6

Records of the New England Glass Company, circa 1870-1874 


  Box Folder
Text   14 7

Statement of the affairs of the New England Glass Company, circa 1870-1874 


  Box Folder
Text   14 8

Accounts of the New England Glass Company, 1870 December 31- 1874 December 31 


  Box Folder
Text   14 9

Certificates of the condition of the New Engand Glass Company, 1871-1874 


  Box Folder
Text   14 10

Records of the New England Glass Company, circa 1874 


  Box Folder
Text   14 11

Reports on the Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1876 June 2- July 10 


  Box Folder
Text   14 12

Miscellaneous, 1827-1875 


  Box Folder
Text   14 13

Return to Table of Contents »


Series 8, Patents, 1838-1847 

Boyden Patents, 1843-1847 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 6 43

Other Patents, 1838-1843 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 6 43

Patent Assignments, 1849-1856 

Appleton Company, Hamilton Manufacturing Company, 1849 March 13 

Box
20
Folder
1

Lowell Manufacturing Company, 1849 March 13 

Box
20
Folder
2

Merrimack Manufacuring Company, Lowell Machine Shop, 1849 March 13 

Box
20
Folder
3

Proprietors of the Locks and Canals on Merrimack River, Proprietors of the Tremont Mills, 1849 March 13 

Box
20
Folder
4

The Great Falls Manufacturing Company, Amoskeag Manufacturing Company, 1849 April 14- 1856 February 12 

Box
20
Folder
5

Return to Table of Contents »


Series 9, Drawings, circa 1835-1872 

Apparatus for examining thermometers, undated 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 1 1

Apparatus for indicating the direction in which water flows, undated 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 1 1

Ames Manufacturing Company, undated 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 1 2

Amoskeag Manufacturing Company, circa 1856 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 1 2

Appleton Company (Lowell Appleton Company), circa 1846 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 1 3

Atlantic Cotton Mills, circa 1850-1855 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 4 4

Boyden's turbine improvements, circa 1840-1860 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 1-2 5-6

Chronometer, circa 1856 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 2 7

Differential galvanometer, undated 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 2 8

Drawings, undated 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 2 8

Essex Company Machine Shop and Blacksmith Shop, undated 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 2 9-10

Hamilton Manufacturing Company, 1845-1852 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 2-3 11-12

Hydraulic apparatus, ndated 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 3 13

Hydraulic motor for driving machinery for Messrs. Gay, Silver, and Company at the shops at Chlemsford, undated 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 3 13

Iron mold, undated 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 3 15

Jackson Company, circa 1849 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 3 14

Lancaster Mill, 1844 May 29 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 3 15

Land surveys, 1844-1872 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 3 15

Lowell Hydraulic Experiments, circa 1855 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 3 17

Lowell maps, 1832-1888 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 3 15

Lowell Manufacturing Company, circa 1849 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 3 16

Manchester Printing Works, 1846 March 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 3 17-18

Merrimack Manufacturing Company, 1845 June 13 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 3-4 19-21

Merrimack Print Works, circa 1840-1860 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 4 22

Perkins Mills, circa 1840-1860 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 4 22

Nashua Manufacturing Company, circa 1840-1860 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 4 23

New England Worsted Company and Suncook Manufacturing Company, circa 1840-1860 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 4 24

Pneumatic apparatus and pneumatic glasses, undated 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 4 25

Salmon Falls Manufacturing Company, circa 1848 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 4 26-27

Sound experiments, 1864 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 4 27

Stark Mills, circa 1840-1860 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 4 28

Tilestons and Hollingsworth's turbines, circa 1855-1856 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 4-5 29-30

Thermoelectric piles, circa 1870 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 5 31

Werke Theorie und Bau der Wasserraeer, 1846 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 5 31

Miscellaneous, circa 1835-1872 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 5 32-33

Unidentified, undated 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 5-6 34-42

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Series 10, Printed Material, 1835-1879 

Newspaper clippings on a supply of pure water for Boston, 1837-1847 


  Box Folder
Text   14 14

Portrait of Uriah Boyden, circa 1845 


  Box Folder
Text   14 15

Newspaper clippings, 1848-1855 


  Box Folder
Text   14 16

American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1849 August 14- 1859 August 4 


  Box Folder
Text   14 17

Smithsonian Institution, 1855 January- 1857 August 


  Box Folder
Text   14 18

Newspaper clippings, 1856-1876 


  Box Folder
Text   14 19

Martin's Twenty-One Years in the Boston Stock Market, 1856 


  Box Folder
Text   14 20

Stock Fluctuations, 1856-1879 


  Box Folder
Text   14 21

Library bulletin, 1867-1871 


  Box Folder
Text   14 22

Alfred Nobel's patent for an improved explosive, circa 1867-1872 


  Box Folder
Text   14 23

Stocks by Auction, 1867 February 2- April 17 


  Box Folder
Text   14 24

Library bulletin, circa 1870 


  Box Folder
Text   14 25

Business cards, undated 


  Box Folder
Text   14 26

Sign, undated 


  Box Folder
Text   20 8

Miscellaneous, 1835-1872 


  Box Folder
Text   14 27

Newspapers, 1848-1875 


  Map-case Drawer Folder
Text   1 6 44

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Series 11, Seth Boyden (1764-1840) Materials, 1840-1841 

Box
14
Folder
28

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Series 12, Bernhard Schultze Materials, 1837-1857 

1837 June- 1857 July 


  Box Folder
Text   14 29

undated 


  Box Folder
Text   14 30

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Series 13, Joseph Sidney Francis Materials, circa 1855-1872 

Map-case
1
Drawer
6
Folder
45

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