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OVERVIEW OF THE COLLECTION

Title: Quebec Bridge Photograph Collection

Collection Date(s): 1905-1986 (bulk 1905-1916)

Extent and Forms of Material: .5 cubic foot, including photographs, post cards, and newspapers

(3 boxes, 1 oversized folder)

Creator: Quebec Bridge Company

Abstract: The collection documents the construction of the first and second Quebec Bridges over the St. Lawrence River.Construction on the first bridge began in 1900 and the bridge collapsed before completion in 1907. Construction on the second Quebec Bridge, which is the longest cantilever bridge in the world, was completed in 1917.

Repository: Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. archivescenter@si.edu 202-633-3270 www.americanhistory.si.edu/archives

Collection Number: AC1026

Processing Note: Processed by Leslie Booth (intern), March, 2010; supervised by Vanessa Broussard Simmons, archivist.

 

INFORMATION FOR USERS OF THE COLLECTION

Conditions Governing Access: The collection is open for research use.

Physical Access: Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves.

Conditions Governing Reproduction and Use: Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply.

Preferred Citation: Title and date of item, Quebec Bridge Photograph Collection, 1905-1986 (bulk 1905-1916), Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, box number X, folder number XX, digital file number XXXXXXXX

 

IN-DEPTH INFORMATION ABOUT THE COLLECTION

Administrative/Biographical History: The first Quebec Bridge was built over the St. Lawrence River in order to connect important railroad lines. This bridge collapsed on August 29, 1907, killing 79 men. The engineers for the second bridge were Maurice Fitzmaurice, H.E. Vautelet, and Ralph Modjeska.

Scope and Content: The collection documents the construction of the first and second Quebec Bridges over the St. Lawrence River primarily through photographs. The collection is arranged into two series: Series 1, Photographic Materials, 1905-1965 and Series 2, Other Materials, 1916-1986.

Series 1, Photographic Materials, 1905-1965, is divided into two subseries:Subseries 1, Photographs, 1907-1965 and Subseries 2, Photograph Album, 1905. The black-and-white photographs primarily document the construction of the second Quebec Bridge, 1907-1917. Many of these photographs were taken in a workshop where the production of the bridge parts and building materials occurred. One picture, marked number 24, is of the Prime Minister of Canada, Robert Borden, attending the construction site in October 1913. This series also contains photographs of the 1907 bridge collapse and pictures taken in 1965 of the current second bridge. Subseries 2, Photograph Album, 1905, documents the construction of the first Quebec cantilever bridge. The album contains mounted black-and-white photographs taken between May 12 and November 23, 1905.

 Series 2, Other Materials, 1916-1986, consists ofnewspaper articles and postcards. The newspaper articles detail the 1916 construction accident on the second Quebec bridge; one 1917 article about the bridge; and one 1986 article about the 1907 collapse of the first bridge. There are three postcards, both black-and-white and color, of the Quebec Bridge.

System of Arrangement: Collection is arranged into two series.

Series 1, Photographic Materials, 1905-1965
Subseries 1, Photographs, 1907-1965
Subseries 2, Photograph Album, 1905
Series 2, Other Materials, 1916-1986

Acquisition Information: Originally collected for the Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering’s reference collections; exact date and source of acquisition unknown.

Custodial History: Transferred to the Archives Center from the Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering, now known as the Division of Work and Industry, 2007.

Access Points:

Subject/Names:
Quebec Bridge
Quebec Bridge Disaster
Cantilever bridges
Phoenix Bridge Company
Cooper, Theodore
Fitzmaurice, Maurice
Modjeski, Ralph

Subject/Topical:
Bridges--Design and construction
Bridge failures
Bridges--Canada
Bridges--Quebec
Rivers--Quebec

Geographic:
Canada
Quebec

Form/Genre:
Postcards--1900-1920
Photographs--1900-1950--Black-and-white photoprints
Silver gelatin
Photograph albums--20 th century
Newspaper

Occupations:
Engineers

CONTAINER LISTING

 

Box

Folder

 

 

 

Series 1, Photographic Materials, 1905-1965

Subseries 1, Photographs, 1907-1965

1

 

Photographs, 1907-1965

2

 

Photographs, 1913 October-1915 June 8

 

 

Subseries 2, Photograph Album, 1905

3

Photograph Album, 1905

 

 

Series 3, Other Materials, 1916-1986

1

Newspaper Articles, 1916-1986

3

Postcards, 1932-1967

 

O/S Folder 1

Newspaper Article, 1916

  “Bridge of 1,800-FT. Span Across the St. Lawrence,” Popular Mechanics V ol. 8, No. 12 December 1906

http://books.google.com/books?id=EN4DAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA1236&dq=quebec+bridge&lr=&as_brr=0&as_
pt=MAGAZINES&cd=7#v=onepage&q=quebec%20bridge&f=false

“Wrecked Quebec Bridge to be Recommended” http://books.google.com/books?id=Ed4DAAAAMBAJ&pg=RA1-PA12&dq=quebec+bridge&lr=&as_brr=0&as_pt=MAGAZINES&cd=8#v=onepage&q=quebec%20bridge&f=false

“Wrecked Quebec Bridge to be Recommended”

 

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Revised: September 13, 2010