Guide to the Solomon Adler Papers

Administrative Information

Repository Information

Archives Center, National Museum of American History, , 2011

P.O. Box 37012
 Suite 1100, MRC 601
 Washington, D.C., 20013-7012
 Phone: 202-633-3270

Conditions Governing Access note

The collection is open for research use.

Conditions Governing Use note

Copyright held by the Smithsonian Institution. Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply.

Accruals note

Three cubic feet of material was added in 2012.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

The collection was donated by R. Michael Adler and Diane Zoe Adler, September, 2009. Additonal materials were donated by R. Michael Adler in 2012.

Processing Information note

Processed by Alison Oswald, archivist, March 2011.

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Summary Information

Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Adler, Solomon, 1901-1989
Solomon Adler Papers
Date [bulk]
bulk 1950-1966
Date [inclusive]
4.50 Cubic feet; 3 record cartons; 2 flat boxes; 1 oversize folder
Language of Materials note
Some materials in German, French, Japanese and Spanish.
The papers document independent inventor Solomon Adler's work with sewing machine technology through correspondence, photographs, notes, drawings, sketches, patents, litigation records, and printed materials. The collection provides insight into both an independent inventor’s process of invention and Japanese work culture during the post-World War II period.

Preferred Citation note

[Title and date of item], Solomon Adler Papers, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, box number X, folder number XX, digital file number XXXXXXXX

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Biographical/Historical note

Solomon "Sol" Adler is probably best known for his sewing machine inventions, but his portfolio of work also includes ideas and patents for a fountain pen, a window treatment, a receptacle tap, a telescoping umbrella, an ashtray, a retractable table, and jewelry designs. Adler wrote fiction as well (mostly short stories) that reflected his experiences during the early 1900s in New York City. He filled pages with themes on social protest, radicalism, mobs, unions, poverty, and sweatshop operators. In 1958 Adler wrote about theories of nuclear physics, noting, "Indeed a very bold attempt and definitely a long way from sewing machines." Adler’s flow of ideas was constant, and he sought to express them constantly.

Sol Adler was born on July 8, 1901, [Russian?] on the Lower East Side of Manhattan, one of Isaac and Mindel Adler’s five children. Isaac was a tailor, so sewing machines were part of Sol’s life from the beginning. As a young man, Adler apprenticed in machine shops, honing his skills until he became an expert machinist and toolmaker; these skills eventually allowed him to build the machines he visualized. Adler’s design drawings show his precision as a draftsman and engineer (he attended the City College of New York) and provide good insight into the drawing abilities that he later used in preparing patent drawings. Adler also enjoyed metalworking. His home workshop boasted a geared lathe, tilling head machine, drill press, bench grinder, and an assorted hand tools.

Adler’s work on sewing machines began in the late 1930s with tinkering with his sister-in-law Bess’s treadle-operated Singer machine. Bess wanted a lightweight, motorized sewing machine that had enough space between the frame and the needle for large projects such as quilts. Using his own basement machine shop, Adler began building simple frameworks for sewing machines to understand better the relationships between the parts and their functions. Adler’s first sewing machine (which he dubbed the "parent machine") earned U.S. Patent 2,561,643, issued in 1951. The machine was a full-size home machine, with a concealed motor and power cord that could also expand into a commercial-size machine. Six subsequent patents for subassemblies were derived from the "parent machine" over the next several years.

During the Second World War, Adler worked for Manufacturing Methods Technology (MM&T) as a development engineer and experimental machine shop supervisor.

Analyzing the evolving U.S. domestic sewing machine market gave Adler ideas for further inventions, refining the machines and adding new features. Unfortunately, success was elusive; his machine with zigzag and straight-stitch capability was rejected by several U.S. and European sewing machine manufacturers. But in 1954, Adler met Max Hugel, president of the Asiatic Commerce Corporation of New York, later known as Brother International Corporation (BIC), a subsidiary of the Nippon Company. Nippon wanted to solve certain design and operational problems it was having in developing a zigzag sewing machine for sale in the United States. Adler joined BIC, moved to Japan, and succeeded in helping correct the design issues. Adler named the machine the "Select-O-Matic" because by turning a few knobs, an operator could select one of the six patterns that the machine produced.

Adler stayed with BIC until 1959, and worked on a variety of sewing machines, including an automatic zigzag machine and the versatile "Pacesetter," which was unveiled in the United States to great acclaim at the Sewing Machine Show in New York City on July 18, 1955 (a version of the Pacesetter is still sold by Brother). Additionally, he worked on a line of industrial and domestic sewing machines, home washing machines, home knitting machines, and other small appliances. Adler earned several Japanese patents for his work.

Among Adler’s writings is a pronouncement of his passion for invention: "When an idea is conceived by an inventor, it never leaves him in peace, it possesses him day and night until it is expressed, after which he enjoys a sense of relief and accomplishment."

Adler married Fay (neé Kagan) in 1928. They had two children, Ralph Michael Adler and Diane Zoe Adler. Adler died on May 31, 1989 at the age of 88.

Issued United States Patents:

Receptacle tap (2,184,263)

Correlating device (2,284,843)

Sewing machine (2,561,643)

Sewing machine feed (2,473,934)

Bobbin winder for sewing machine (2,455,638)

Extension leaf for sewing machines (2,464,838)

Sewing machine feed (2,473,934)

Threading device (2,516,171)

Sewing machine pressure bar (2,554,970)

Sewing machine needle bar operating mechanism (2,554,971)

Sewing machine (2,561,643)

Sewing machine (2,709,978)

Attachment for zigzag sewing machines (3,016,030)

Sewing machine (3,053,207) assigned to Nippon Sewing Machine Manufacturing Company

Sewing machine (3,055,325) assigned to Nippon Sewing Machine Manufacturing Company

Method and apparatus for making non-woven fabric (3,236,711)assigned to Adler Process Corporation

Method for producing non-woven fabric (3,250,655)

Method and apparatus for producing pile fabric (3,309,252) assigned to Adler Process Corporation

Method and apparatus for production of pile fabric and the like (3,424,632) assigned to Adler Process Corporation

Combined ashtray, cigarette holder and lighter (Des. 163,984)

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Scope and Contents note

The papers include correspondence, photographs, notes, drawings, sketches, patents, litigation records, and printed materials, primarily documenting Adler's work with sewing machine technology. The papers provide insight into an independent inventor’s process of invention and Japanese work culture during the post-World War II period.

Series 1, Personal Materials, 1920s-1950s and undated consists primarily of high school chemistry and biology notes, business cards, photographs, speeches, and writings of Sol Adler. The photographs contain one black-and-white portrait of Adler, November 1958, and two negatives of him from the nineteen teens; and one scanned copy of a photograph, circa the 1920s of Sol Adler with his children, R. Michael and Diane Zoe Adler. There is a small booklet,  Agreement between Manufacturers Machine and Tool Co., Inc., and Amalgamated Machine and Instrument Local No. 475 from 1941. Adler worked for Manufacturers Machine and Tool Co., Inc.

Series 2, Inventions, is divided into two subseries: Subseries 1, Other, 1919-1980 and undated, and Subseries 2, Sewing Machines, 1938-1962 and undated. Arranged chronologically, both subseries highlight Adler's inventive work. While the primary focus of Adler's invention work was on sewing machines, his interests were broad.

Subseries 1, Other Inventions, 1919-1980 and undated, contains documentation in the form of drawings and sketches, photographs, correspondence, and patents. Overall, the documentation is uneven. The inventions include a dividing head (a specialized tool that allows a workpiece to be easily and precisely rotated to preset angles or circular divisions); decorative window treatment; telescoping umbrella; can opener; question/answer machine; correlating device; radio station recording device; receptacle tap; fountain pen; television projection device; combined ash tray and cigarette holder; automatic machine gun; juice blender; thermonuclear idea; apparatus for producing pile fabric; an extensible, retractible and concealable table; and textile machinery.

Only some of Adler's inventions were patented. However, many of his ideas were well documented through drawings or descriptive text. In some instances prototypes were built.

The question and answer machine, 1939, was approximately three feet by four feet and was powered by a battery, the device was intended for educational use by children and adults. It used interchangeable answer cards on a broad range of subjects and informed the user of a correct and wrong answer by lights and a buzzer.

The correlating device, 1942, was designed for automobile use, and it combined driving directions and maps on a roll of paper data mounted on the dashboard. Although patented (US Patent 2,282,843), the device was never manufactured.

The radio station recording device, 1939, was a device to maintain a record of radio stations tuned on a radio receiver during a twenty-four hour period using recording disks.

The receptacle tap (Siphon-It), 1939, was patented (US Patent 2,184,263). The Siphon-It was designed to fit any size bottle, can, or the like containing fluids without removing the bottle cap. The "tap" punctured the bottle cap and was then turned like a screw several times. It allowed the contents under pressure to not lose carbonation and be poured easily.

The combined ash tray and cigarette holder and lighter, 1951, was Adler's only design patent (US Patent Des. 163,984). Purely ornamental, the tray would light and hold a cigarette.

The automatic machine gun, 1952, was conceived of by Adler and his son R. Michael Adler. The drawings and accompanying narrative text detail a method for cooling the gun through the use of an automatically operated gas turbine centrifugal air compressor and a gun of simple design with few parts and capable of an extremely high rate of fire. Adler submitted his drawings and text to the United States Army Ordance Department at the Pentagon, but it was not manufactured.

Adler's thermonuclear fusion proposal, a technical paper written in 1960, was never realized. The paper, titled "Attempt to Utilize the Concentrated Magnetic Field Around a Pinched Plasma Column as the Focal Point for Particle Acceleration," details through text and schematics Adler's ideas about a thermonuclear reactor. Additionally, there is correspondence, journal articles, newspaper articles, and a notebook with notes from other publications and some loose drawings related to thermonuclear issues.

An apparatus for producing pile fabric (US Patent 3,309,252), was patented in 1967. The intention of the apparatus was to create a method for producing carpets and rugs in a fast, practical, and inexpensive way.

Adler's work with non-woven textiles and fabrics (see US Patent 3,250,655) is well documented through correspondence, drawings, notes, fabric samples, and photographs. Adler founded the Adler Process Corporation in the 1960s as a research and development organization specializing in the development of products for domestic and industrial uses. The corporation also built machinery for the commercial production of the products which included pile fabric (such as carpeting), non-woven fabrics, and leather-like material. A prospectus details the "Adler Process."

Method and apparatus for production of pile carpeting and the like (US Patent 3,424,632, 3,592,374, and 3,655,490)

Subseries 2, Sewing machines, 1938-1962 and undated, consists primarily of documentation about the development of the Pacesetter sewing machine and its predecessors through correspondence, drawings and sketches, photographs, guide manuals, and promotional materials. Adler constructed skeletal aluminum models to better understand the functions and internal mechanisms of sewing machines. Between 1940 and 1948, he designed and constructed a sewing machine prototype, which he called his “Parent Machine.” The Parent Machine would become known as the Pacesetter. Seven patents were awarded for the novel mechanisms contained within this prototype (US Patent 2,561,643), the most notable being for a compact sewing machine that could expand to a full-sized machine. Additional sewing machine inventions include the needleless sewing machine; a zig-zag sewing machine, and an attachment for a zig-zag sewing machine (US Patent 3,016,030).

While working as an engineer for the Brother International Corporation in Japan in the early 1950s, Adler developed the Pacesetter sewing machine. This portable machine was designed to meet the rapidly growing popularity of multiple decorative and embroidery patterns. A selector dial, which Adler called the “Wishing Dial,” controlled sixteen internal cams, multiple cam selectors and followers to automatically sew thirty different basic decorative stitch patterns. Since the Pacesetter could sew both zigzag and straight stitches, varying the width and length of the basic patterns made it possible to create thousands of decorative variations. Adler introduced the Pacesetter sewing machine at the Independent Sewing Machine Dealers Show in New York, July 18, 1955.

Series 3, Brother International Corporation, 1954-1959 and undated

Started in 1908 by Kanekichi Yasui, the Yasui Sewing Machine Company manufactured and repaired sewing machines. The company was later renamed Yasui Brother Sewing Machine Company by Masayoshi Yasui, the eldest of Kanekichi's ten children, who inherited the company. The new name reflected the involvement and spirit of cooperation of other "brothers" in the Yasui family.

In 1934, the Yasui brothers liquidated the Yasui Brother Sewing Machine Company and created the Nippon Sewing Machine Company in Nagoya, Japan. Nippon emerged in response to a Japanese sewing machine market dominated by imported products, and it began mass producing industrial sewing machines. In 1941, Brother Sales, Ltd. was established as a sales outlet for the Japanese market, and in 1954 Brother International Corporation (BIC) was created as an exporting company with offices established in New York City. The company actively promoted exporting in advance of other Japanese companies.

Adler joined BIC in 1954 as a consultant for their product design and development work. This work was previously done in-house by design and engineering staff, so Adler, an American, was charting new territory. The materials in this series consist of corporate histories, and annual report, correspondence, product literature, conference materials, and notebooks maintained by Adler. The latter constitututes the bulk of the material along with the correspondnece.

The "conference" materials document a meeting Adler attended, presumably in Japan in 1957. The file contains detailed notes about product marketing and production factors. A flow chart for "product coordinating factors" outlines the motivations, idea sources, management control, and execution of an idea generally.

The correspondence, 1954-1958, consists of letters and inter-company communications (memorandum), patents and drawings between Sol Adler, Max Hugel and the legal firm of, Kane, Dalsmier and Kane of New York. The correspondence relates almost exclusively to patenting matters, especially by Adler and legal matters involving Singer Sewing Manufacturing Company alleging that Brother International infringed on certain Singer-owned patents.

The notebooks of Solomon Adler, approximately 1951-1958, consists primarily of materials documenting Adler's work in Japan on sewing machines. The materials were assembled by Adler and titled "notebook." Some of the materials are three hole punched (indicating they may have been in a three-ring notebook) and are both handwritten and typescript. Also included are chronologies of his work; translations of Japanese words into English; drawings in pencil on tracing paper; sketches in pencil on scrap paper and letterhead; detailed notes about mechanisms and methods of sewing machine operation; business cards; comparative data for sewing machines; and correspondence.

Of note is the "digest" or chronology of events from 1958 to 1959 maintained by Adler to detail the alleged patent infringement of BIC on Singer Sewing machine patents. The digest also notes the value, author of a document, to whom it was sent, date, and a brief description. Adler created a ranking system for his digest, assigning different values, very important, urgent, important, and general. He also compiled a chart of competitor sewing machines by brand name. Many of the Japanese documents--patents and drawings--bear Adler's "chop" or rubber stamp with Japanese characters for his surname.

In 1958, Singer Sewing Machine Company filed a lawsuit against Nippon Sewing Machine Company for patent infringement by BIC's Pacesetter and Select-O-Matic sewing machines. Adler, on behalf of Nippon, conducted extensive patent research into the allegations, working with BIC attorneys in New York as well as creating new sewing machine designs to overcome Singer's claims. In 1959, Singer filed another lawsuit alleging that Nippon was violating United States customs laws by shipping automatic zigzag sewing machines to the United States, which were alleged to infringe on Singer patents. Correspondence related to this patent infringement can be found in Series 3: Brother Intenrational Corporation.

Adler returned to the United States in April of 1959 as the representative for Nippon and the Japanese sewing machine industry to help prepare the case and act as a consultant. BIC and Singer representatives appeared before the United States Tariff Commission (USTC). Adler officially testified on behalf of BIC, explaining the three angle cam structure difference between the Singer #401 sewing machine and imported Japanese sewing machines. Adler's testimony was successful, and with patent problems resolved, Adler resigned from BIC in July of 1959 and commenced a long negotiation with the company for financial compensation for his invention work.

Series 5, Publications, 1953-1967, consists of select issues of the  New Japan Sewing Machine News, which followed developments in the Japanese sewing machine industry and other publications featuring articles and brief pieces about sewing machines in general.


( last accessed on March 24, 2011)

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Arrangement note

The collection is arranged into four series:

Series 1, Personal Materials, 1920-1950s and undated

Series 2, Inventions, 1938-1980

Subseries 1, Other, 1938-1980

Subseries 2, Sewing, 1938-1962 and undated

Series 3, Brother International Corporation, 1952-1961

Series 4, Publications, 1953-1967

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

The Division of Home and Community Life holds artifacts related to this collection, including several sewing machine prototypes, the Siphon-It and the combination ashtray, lighter and cigarette holder. See Accession numbers: 2009.0118 and 2009.0114.

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Controlled Access Headings


  • Correspondence
  • Drawings--20th century
  • Legal records
  • Notes
  • Photographs--20th century
  • Printed material
  • Sketches


  • Inventors
  • Sewing machines

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Collection Inventory

 Series 1: Personal Materials, [1916?]-1950s

Box Folder

High school chemistry notes, [1916?]

1 1

High school chemistry notes, [1916?]

1 2

High school biology notes, [1916?]

1 3

Business card, circa 1950s

1 4

Address book with loose notes, 1974-1985

1 5

Photographs, 1920s, 1958

1 6

Agreement between Manufacturers Machine and Tool Co., Inc., and Amalgamated Machine and Instrument Local No. 475, 1941

1 6A

Speeches, 1955, undated

1 7

Writings, "Just a Poor Boy's Will", undated

1 8

Writings, "Zimbalist", undated

1 9

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 Series 2: Inventions, 1938-1980

 Subseries 1: Other Inventions, 1919-1980 and undated

Box Folder

Dividing head, 1919 June 14

5 1

Decorative window structure, 1935 February 11

5 2

Telescoping umbrella, 1938 April 7

5 3

Thumb screw nut, 1937-1938

1 10

Can opener, 1938 September 5

1 11

Question/Answer machine, 1939

1 12

Correlating Device, 1939 March

5 4

Radio station recording device, 1939 September 9

5 5

Receptacle tap (Siphon-It), 1939 December 19

1 13

Fountain pen (with bladder), 1940 April 12

1 14

Television projection device, 1940 March 4

1 15

Combined ash tray, cigartte holder and lighter, 1951 July 24

5 6

Automatic machine gun, 1952 July 8

4 1

Juice blender (painting), 1955

4 2

Combination vertical canister tytpe vacuum cleaner, [1957?]

1 16

Combined vacuum and floor polisher, 1957

1 17

Thermonuclear fusion (correspondence), 1957-1969

1 18-19

Thermonuclear fusion (notebook with loose notes and drawings), circa 1950s

1 19

Theronuclear fusion (paper, Attempt to utilize the concentrated magnetic field around a pinched plasma column as the focal point for particle acceleration), 1958 August 6, 1960

1 19A

Thermonuclear fusion (publications), 1942, 1957-1958

1 19B

Thermonuclear fusion (publications), 1951, 1956, 1958

Atmos for Peace Digest, 1958

Reviews of Modern Physics, 1956 july

General Electric Review, 1958 September

Mechanical Engineers Handbook (notes), 1951

1 19C

Carpet machine (general information), 1955-1974

1 20

Carpet machine (photographs), circa 1960s

1 21

Carpet machine (notes), circa 1960s

1 22

Fabric testing, 1962

1 23

Apparatus for producing pile fabric (US Patent 3,424,632), 1966, 1972

1 24

Producing pile fabric, 1966-1968

1 25

Adler process pile carpet system, 1966-1970

1 26-28

Pile carpeting, 1973

1 29

Extensible, retractible, concealable table, 1980

1 30

Washer/dryer, undated

1 31

Miscellaneous sketches, 1949, undated

1 32

Textile machinery (carpet sample), undated

4 3
Map-case Drawer Folder

Carpet machine, non-woven textiles (US Patent 3,250,655) (6 sheets), 1965-1966

3 25 1

 Subseries 2: Sewing Machine Inventions, 1938-1962 and undated

Box Folder

Patents, 1948-1959

2 1

Sewing machine (#4, the expansion machine), 1955

1 1A

Sewing machine (#5, free arm), [1954-1962?]

2 1B

Knitting machine (Wonderknit), 1955

2 2

Sewing machine (lateral feed), 1957-1958

2 3

Sewing machine having a displaceable feed dog, 1957-1959

2 3A

Needleless sewing machine, 1958

2 4

Zigzag sewing machine, 1954 and 1958

2 5

Attachment for zigzag sewing machine, 1961-1962

2 6

Japanese patent applications for sewing machines and other inventions, 1956

2 6A

Japanese patent applications for the Pacesetter, 1958

2 6B

Pacesetter (correspondence), 1955-1956

2 7

Pacesetter (photographs), circa 1950s

2 7A

Pacesetter (early unit being assembled), undated

1 8

Pacesetter (wood model), undated

2 9

Pacesetter photographs (flatbed), undated

2 10

Pacesetter (H1 model without dial), undated

2 11

Pacesetter Guide, 1956

2 12

Pacesetter Service Manual for model FZ2 (copy in Japanese), 1956

2 13

Needleless Sewing machine (drawings only), 1958

5 7

Pacesetter materials--miscellaneous, 1955

5 8

Pacesetter--engineering drawings [partial index?], circa 1954

5 9

Pacesetter--engineering drawings ("F" Drawings), 1954 August

5 10

Pacesetter--engineering drawings ("H" Drawings), 1954 August

5 11

Pacesetter--engineering drawings ("Z" drawings), August 1954

5 12

Pacesetter--engineering drawings ("C" drawings), 1954 August

5 13
Map-case Drawer Folder

Pacesetter--mechancial elements of sewing machine by Fritz Gegauf (US patent 2,832,302)(24 sheets)

3 25 1
Box Folder

Number 1, child-size sewing machine drawings with horizontal motor in base, 1938 July 1

4 4

Number 3, parent design drawings (Pacesetter), 1945

4 5

Number 5, free arm expansible flat bed sewing machine drawings, [1954-1962?]

4 6

Pacesetter materials (schematics and drawings with paint), 1956

4 7

Photographs (unidentified), undated

4 15
Map-case Drawer Folder

Drawings for unidentified Japanese sewing machine, (43 sheets), undated

3 25 1

 Subseries 3: Non-Woven Textiles

The Adler Process, developed by the Adler Process Corporation, is a method of orienting yarns in a transverse relationshihp so as to produce fabrics from a large variety of yarns with physical properties. Materials consist of reports, notes,

Box Folder

The Adler Process (prospectus), undated

1 25A

Apparatus for production of non-woven materials, 1969-1972

3 42

Patent, method for producing non-woeven fabric (Us patent 3,250,655), 1966 May 10

3 43

Comparative manufacturing costs, 1963

3 44

Fabric test samples, [circa 1960s?]

3 45-46

Thermal and radiation protection fabrics, 1962

3 47

Bonding agents used in non-woven fabrics, 1962-1972

3 48

Project history and cost, 1962

3 49

Leather-like material, 1950

3 50

M.J. Fassler and Company, inc., 1968-1969

3 51

Comparison chart, shuttless loom, weave-ex machine procution, manposwer efficiency, circa 1960s

3 52

Project synopsis (tytpescript report), undated

3 53

Samples, undated

3 54

Castro Convertibles, 1980

3 55

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 Series 3: Brother International Corporation (BIC), 1952-1961

Box Folder

History, undated

2 14

Annual report, 1957

2 15

Pacesetter fashion Show (press materials), 1955

2 15A

 Subseries : Correspondence

Box Folder

Correspondence, 1954

2 16

Correspondence, 1955

2 17

Correspondence, 1958 March-1958 April

2 17A

Correspondence, 1958 May-1958 August

2 17B

Correspondence, 1958 September-December 1958

2 17C

Correspondence, 1958 March

2 18

Correspondence, 1958 April

2 19

Correspondence, 1958 May

2 20

Correspondence, 1958 June

2 21

Correspondence, 1958 July

2 22

Correspondence, 1958 August

3 1

Correspondence, 1958 September

3 2

Correspondence, 1958 October

3 3

Correspondence, 1958 November

3 4

Correspondence, 1958 December

3 5

Correspondence, 1959 January

3 6
Box Folder

Product literature, circa 1950s

3 7
Map-case Drawer Folder

Merhcandising News, 1955 July

3 25 1
Box Folder

Brother World Famous Products, circa 1957

3 8

Conference materials (current trends), 1957

3 9

Brother Select-O-Matic Guide, circa 1950s

3 10

Ambassador Douglas MacArthur's visit to the Nippon Sewing Machine Mfg. Company, 1957 August

3 11

 Subseries: Notebooks

Notebook, 1956-1957


Notebook (loose items), 1955-1957


Notebook (loose materials), [1951-1958?]


 Subseries : Litigation Materials, 1952-1961 and undated

Box Folder

Adler outline of his association with Brother, [1961?]

3 14

Exhibit list (index to items), undated

3 15

Exhibit #2 (letter of March 15, 1955 from Max Hugel to Sol Adler and The Sewing Machine News, 1955

3 16

Exhibits #3-#4 ( Behind the Scenes, advertisements, notes, patent application materials), 1953-1960

3 17

Exhibit #5 (Pacesetter features), undated

3 18

Exhibits #7-#8 ( DNZ, German sewing machine news), 1957 January

3 19

Exhibit #9 (letter from Sumitomo Shoji Kaisha, Ltd.), 1958

3 20

Exhibits #10, #10A, #10B ( Operation Success, 21 Patterns of Success from the Lives of American Business Leaders), 1957

3 21

Exhibit #11 (itinerary for Douglass MacArthur visit to Nippon Sewing Machine Company), 1957 August

3 22

Exhibits #12-#16, (correspodence with Brother International, Max Hugel, Sol Adler, attorneys Kane, Dalsimer and Kane), 1957-1958

3 23

Exhibit #17, (correspondence with brother INternational and Sol Adler), 1958

3 24

Exhibit 18, (Turissa-Fabria advertisement), 1957

3 25

Exhibit #19 ( New Japan Sewing Machine News), 1960

3 26

Exhibit #20-#21 ( New Japan Sewing Machine News), 1957 December

3 27

Exhibit #22, (newspaper clippings), 1959 May 14

3 28

Exhibit #23, (letter from Japanese Trade Center), 1959 June

3 29

Exhibit #24 (United States Trade Commission transcript of infringement management hearing), undated

3 30

Exhibit #25 (Adler's letter of resignation), 1959 July 6

3 31

Exhibit #26, (newspaper clippings), 1957 July

3 32

Exihibit #27, (letter from Sol Adler to Masayoshi Yasui of Nippon Sewing Machine), 1959 August

3 33

Exhibit #28, (letter to Sol Adler from Martin Y. Hirabayashi, American Embassy, Tokyo), 1957 May

3 34

Exhibit #29, (newspaper clippings), 1960 May

3 35

Exhibit #30 (typescript of the limitation characteristics of the conventional rotary high speed sewing machine), undated

3 36

Exhibit #31 (correspondence--Solomon Adler to Max Hugel), 1957 March

3 37

Exhibit #32 ( Deutsche Nahmaschinen-Zeitung), 1957 January

2 38

Exhibit #32 ( Singer vs. Brother), 1952-1959

2 39
Map-case Drawer Folder

Chart, Cam Selecting means of patents cited or referred to by the examiner or Singer and compared with Selectomatic 100 and Pacesetter 200, 1958 March 24

3 25 1

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 Series 5: Publications, 1953-1967

 Subseries 1: New Japan Sewing Machine News, 1958-1967

Box Folder

New Japan Sewing Machine News, May 1958

3 40

New Japan Sewing Machine News , 1959 September

3 40

New Japan Sewing Machine News, 1962 May

3 40

New Japan Sewing Machine News, 1965 July

3 40

New Japan Sewing Machine News, [1967?]

3 40

 Subseries 2: General Publications, 1938-1960

Box Folder

Behind the Scenes, 1960 May-June

3 41

Consumer Bulletin, 1958 July

3 41

Newsweek, 1957 April

3 41

New Home Sewing Machine Company (pamphlet), circa 1950s

3 41

Singer Sewing Machine Company (pamphlet), 1938-1939

3 41

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