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OVERVIEW OF THE COLLECTION

Title: Lima Locomotive Works, Inc., Service Department Records

Collection Date(s): 1919-1949

Extent and Forms of Material: 3 cubic feet (17 boxes)

Creator: Lima Railroad, Inc.

Abstract: The Service Department Records document the activity of the service and sales department of Lima Locomotive Works. Lima Locomotive Works manufactured Shay Locomotives in Lima, Ohio, from 1879 to 1980 when production ended. This collection contains cards describing the purchasing and selling of Shay Locomotives, maintenance of the locomotives, and sales calls made by the company.

Repository: Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.archivescenter@si.edu 202-633-3270 www.americanhistory.si.edu/archives

Collection Number: AC1180

Processing Note: Processed by Rebecca Farris (intern) and Jennifer Burger (intern), December, 2009; supervised by Alison Oswald, archivist.

 

INFORMATION FOR USERS OF THE COLLECTION

Conditions Governing Access: The collection is open for research use.

Conditions Governing Reproduction and Use: Copyright held by the Smithsonian Institution. Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply.

Preferred Citation: Title and date of item, Lima Locomotive Works, Inc., Service Department Records, 1919-1949, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, box number X, folder number XX, digital file number XXXXXXXX

 

IN-DEPTH INFORMATION ABOUT THE COLLECTION

Administrative/Biographical History: Founded in 1879, Lima Locomotive Works manufactured locomotives in Lima, Ohio. James Alley contracted the Lima Locomotive Works (then Lima Machine Works) to build the locomotive designed by Ephraim Shay. A few years later, the first Shay Geared Steam Locomotive was off the production line and on the rails. The Shay Geared Steam Locomotive became an especially popular mode of transporting lumber not only in the United States, but world wide. What made it different was the unusual cylinder arrangement. Two vertical cylinders drove a crankshaft, which in turn drove a pair of geared trucks through a system of universal joints and sliding shafts. By the 1940s, companies were seeking out a faster mode of rail transportation, and the Lima Locomotive Works ceased production of the Shay Geared Steam Locomotive and began its Diesel Locomotive line.

In 1947, General Machinery Corporation and Lima merged to form the Lima-Hamilton Corporation. By this time, the corporation focused solely on the Diesel Locomotives, but still faltered. The Lima-Hamilton Corporation merged with Baldwin Locomotive Works in 1950 to form Baldwin-Lima-Hamilton (BLH). Baldwin-Lima-Hamilton discontinued the production of the Lima-Hamilton’s Diesel Locomotive, and only produced Baldwin’s Diesel. Unable to keep up with its competitors, BLH stopped all locomotive production in 1956, and in 1980, BLH finally closed its operations.

Scope and Content: The Lima Locomotive Works, Inc., Service Department Records document the activity of the service and sales department of Lima Locomotive Works. The records consist of 5” x 7” cards.

System of Arrangement: The collection is one series with sixteen subseries.

Series 1, Service Department Records, 1919-1949
Subseries 1, Locomotive Number, undated
Subseries 2, Town Cards, 1919-1949
Subseries 3, Shay Locomotives in the United States, 1919-1949
Subseries 4, Shay Locomotives in Canada, 1919-1949
Subseries 5, Shay Locomotives in Foreign Countries, 1919-1949
Subseries 6, Direct Locomotives in the United States, 1919-1949
Subseries 7, United States Dead Files, 1919-1949
Subseries 8, Foreign Dead Files, 1919-1949
Subseries 9, Locomotive by United States Location, 1919-1949
Subseries 10, Locomotive by Canadian Location, 1919-1949
Subseries 11, Locomotive by Foreign Location, 1919-1949
Subseries 12, Inactive Shay Locomotive Owners, 1919-1949
Subseries 13, Visit Records, 1919-1949
Subseries 14, Dead Shay Ownership Cards, 1919-1949
Subseries 15, Road Repairs in the United States, 1919-1949
Subseries 16, Road Repairs in Canada, 1919-1949

Acquisition Information: Unknown.

Custodial History: Transferred to the Archives Center from the Division of Work and Industry, October 2009.

Related Archival Materials: Forman H. Craton Papers, 1902-1983, AC 0454; John W. Garrett Collection, 1850-1880, AC 0171; James J. Hill Scrapbook, 1916, AC 0334; William Mason Papers, 1839-1857, AC 0045; Samual Morse Felton Family Papers, 1841-1930, AC0170; James A. Millholland Collection, 1866-1899, AC 0163; Edwin Price Reminiscences, 1893, AC0070; John Steven Collection, 1808-1881, AC 0333; Camden and Amboy Railroad Rules and Traffic Agreements Collection, 1844-1871, AC 0152; Chicago Surface Line Drawings, 1886-1926, 1948, AC 0212; Pittsburgh and West Virginia Railway Company Drawings, 1948-1950, AC 0279; Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company Records, 1866-1927, AC 0282; Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Company Records, circa 1860-1936, AC 0208; Providence and Worchester Railroad Repair Shop Account Book, 1851-1854, AC 0154; Railway Express Agency, 1899-1970, AC 0260; Swatara Railroad Papers, 1805-1894, AC 0272; Ross Winans’ Letterbook, 1850-1851, AC 0155; Baldwin Locomotive Works Collection 1833-1956, AC 0157; Baldwin Locomotive Works Drawings, 1870-1890, AC0353; Baldwin Locomotive Works Scrapbooks, AC 1181; Mr. and Mrs. Arthur D. Dubin Pullman Palace Car Company Construction and Registration Books, 1875-1911, AC 0158; Engineering Notebook Collection, 1835-1930, AC 0225; Jackson and Sharp Car Company and American Car and Foundry Company Records, 1884-1948, AC 0156; Pittsburgh Locomotive Works Records, 1874-1910, AC 0164; Pullman Palace Car Company Collection, 1867-1979, AC 0181; Timken Roller Bearing Company Collection, 1925-1957, AC 0380; William E. Woodard Patents, 1909-1949, AC 0125; Southern Iron and Equipment Company Records, 1903-1960, AC 0354, Division of Transportation: Railroad’s Engineering Data, 1912-1949, 0207; Interstate Commerce Commission Locomotive Inspection Reports and Photoprints, 1931-1964, AC 0241; Sperry Rail Detector Car Collection, 1928-1985, AC 0497; John H. White Jr., Railroad Reference Collection, 1880s-1990, AC 0523; Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, 1724-1965, AC 0060; Lehigh Railroad Records, AC 1046; Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Collection, AC 1086; Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad Negatives, AC 1080; Delaware, Lackawana and Western Railroad Records, AC 1074; Erie Railroad Collection, AC 1082; Clayton M. Hall Railroad Photographs, AC 1168; Harry A. McBride Railroad Photographs, AC 1171; Wilbur L. Metz Collection of Railroad Ephemera, AC 1172; Niagara Railroad Negatives, AC 1081; Thomas Norrell Railroad Photographs, AC 1174; Northern Pacific Railway Photographs, AC 1067; Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Collection, AC 1083; Pullman Palace Car Company Photographs, AC 1175; Wheeling and Lake Erie Railway Photographs, AC 1075

 

Access Points:

Subject/Names:
Lima Locomotives
Shay Locomotives

Subject/Topical:
Locomotives

Geographic:
United States
Argentina
Australia
Austria
Bolivia
Borneo
Brazil
Canada
Central America
Chile
China
Christmas Island Cuba
Ecuador
England
Hawaii
Japan
Mexico
Peru
Philippines
Puerto Rico
Tasmania
Uruguay

Form/Genre:
Service Cards

Occupations:
Builder
Mechanic
Sales

CONTAINER LISTING

 

Box

Folder

 

 

 

Series 1, Service Department Records, 1919-1949

 

 

Subseries 1, Locomotive Number, undated

1

 

#1-#900

2

 

#901-#2100

3

 

#2101-#3200

4

 

#3201-#8700; #9047-#9056; #9107-#9111; #20002

 

 

Subseries 2, Town Cards, 1919-1949

 

 

A-G

5

 

H-Z

 

 

Subseries 3, Shay Locomotives in the United States, 1919-1949

6

 

Alabama to Washington

7

 

West Virginia to Washington

 

 

Subseries 4, Shay Locomotives in Canada, 1919-1949

 

 

Alberta

 

 

British Columbia

 

 

Manitoba

 

 

Nova Scotia

 

 

Ontario

 

 

Quebec

 

 

Subseries 5, Shay Locomotives in Foreign Countries, 1919-1949

 

 

Argentina

 

 

Bolivia

 

 

Brazil

 

 

Chile

 

 

Ecuador

 

 

Peru

 

 

Uruguay

 

 

Australia

 

 

Borneo

 

 

Central America

 

 

China

 

 

Cuba

 

 

England

 

 

Hawaii

 

 

Japan

 

 

Mexico

 

 

Philippines

 

 

Puerto Rico

 

 

Subseries 6, Direct Locomotives in the United States, 1919-1949

 

 

California to Pennsylvania

 

 

Poland

8

 

South Carolina to Wisconsin

 

 

Subseries 7, United States Dead Files, 1919-1949

 

 

Arkansas

 

 

Arizona

 

 

Australia

 

 

California

 

 

Colorado

 

 

Florida

 

 

Georgia

 

 

Idaho

 

 

Illinois

 

 

Indiana

 

 

Iowa

 

 

Kansas

 

 

Kentucky

 

 

Louisiana

 

 

Maryland

 

 

Massachusetts
Michigan

9

 

Minnesota

 

 

Mississippi

 

 

Missouri

 

 

Montana

 

 

Nevada

 

 

New Hampshire

 

 

New Mexico

 

 

New York

 

 

North Carolina

 

 

Ohio

 

 

Oklahoma

 

 

Oregon

 

 

North Dakota

 

 

Pennsylvania

 

 

South Carolina

 

 

South Dakota

 

 

Texas

 

 

Utah

 

 

Virginia

 

 

Vermont

10

 

Washington

 

 

West Virginia

 

 

Wisconsin

 

 

Subseries 8, Foreign Dead Files, 1919-1949

 

 

Australia

 

 

Canada

 

 

Chile

 

 

Cuba

 

 

Mexico

 

 

Nova Scotia

 

 

Peru

 

 

Philippines

 

 

Puerto Rico

 

 

Subseries 9, Locomotive by United States Location, 1919-1949

 

 

Alabama

 

 

Arizona

 

 

Arkansas

 

 

California

 

 

Colorado

 

 

Florida

 

 

Georgia

 

 

Hawaii

 

 

Idaho

 

 

Illinois

 

 

Indiana

 

 

Iowa

 

 

Kentucky

 

 

Louisiana

 

 

Maryland

 

 

Massachusetts

 

 

Michigan

 

 

Minnesota

11

 

Mississippi

 

 

Montana

 

 

Nevada

 

 

New Hampshire

 

 

New Jersey

 

 

New Mexico

 

 

New York

 

 

North Carolina

 

 

Ohio

 

 

Oklahoma

 

 

Oregon

 

 

Pennsylvania

 

 

South Carolina

 

 

South Dakota

 

 

Tennessee

 

 

Texas

 

 

Utah

 

 

Vermont

 

 

Virginia

 

 

West Virginia

 

 

Wisconsin

 

 

Washington

 

 

Subseries 10, Locomotive by Canadian Location, 1919-1949

 

 

British Colombia

 

 

Nova Scotia

 

 

Quebec

 

 

Subseries 11, Locomotive by Foreign Location, 1919-1949

 

 

Argentina

 

 

Austria

 

 

Bolivia

 

 

Chile

 

 

Central America

 

 

China

 

 

Christmas Island

 

 

Cuba

 

 

Ecuador

 

 

Japan

12

 

Mexico

 

 

Peru

 

 

Philippines

 

 

Puerto Rico

 

 

Tasmania

 

 

Uruguay

 

 

Subseries 12, Inactive Shay Locomotive Owners, 1919-1949

 

 

Alabama

 

 

Arizona

 

 

Arkansas

 

 

California

 

 

Florida

 

 

Georgia

 

 

Idaho

 

 

Illinois

 

 

Indiana

 

 

Iowa

 

 

Kansas

 

 

Louisiana

 

 

Maine

 

 

Massachusetts

 

 

Minnesota

 

 

Missouri

 

 

Nebraska

 

 

Nevada

 

 

New Hampshire

 

 

New Mexico

 

 

New York

 

 

North Carolina

 

 

Ohio

 

 

Oklahoma

 

 

Oregon

 

 

Pennsylvania

 

 

South Carolina

 

 

South Dakota

 

 

Tennessee

 

 

Texas

 

 

Utah

 

 

Virginia

 

 

Washington

 

 

West Virginia

 

 

Wisconsin

 

 

Wyoming

 

 

Subseries 13, Visit Records, 1919-1949

 

 

A

13

 

B-J

14

 

K-T

15

 

U-Z

 

 

Subseries 14, Dead Shay Ownership Cards, 1919-1949

 

 

A-K

16

 

L-Z

 

 

Subseries 15, Road Repairs in the United States, 1919-1949

 

 

Alabama

 

 

Arkansas

 

 

California

 

 

Colorado

 

 

Connecticut

 

 

Florida

 

 

Georgia

 

 

Illinois

 

 

Indiana

 

 

Iowa

 

 

Kansas

 

 

Kentucky

 

 

Louisiana

 

 

Maryland

 

 

Massachusetts

 

 

Michigan

17

 

Minnesota

 

 

Miscellaneous

 

 

Mississippi

 

 

Missouri

 

 

Nebraska

 

 

New Hampshire

 

 

New Jersey

 

 

New Mexico

 

 

North Dakota

 

 

Ohio

 

 

Oklahoma

 

 

Pennsylvania

 

 

South Carolina

 

 

South Dakota

 

 

Tennessee

 

 

Texas

 

 

Virginia

 

 

Washington

 

 

West Virginia

 

 

Wisconsin

 

 

Subseries 16, Road Repairs in Canada, 1919-1949

 

 

Ontario

 

 

Toronto

 

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Revised: February 18, 2010