Guide to the Susan B. Crossman Kindergarten Collection
NMAH.AC.1208

Administrative Information

Publication Information

Archives Center, National Museum of American History 2011

Smithsonian Institution
P.O. Box 37012
Suite 1100, MRC 601
Washington, D.C., 20013-7012
Phone: 202-633-3270
Email: archivescenter@si.edu

Conditions Governing Access note

The collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use note

Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

Collection donated by Crossman's grandson, John L. Menke, in 2010.

Processing Information note

Processed by Alison Oswald, archivist, September, 2011.

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Summary Information

Repository
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Creator - (collector).
Crossman, Susan
Title
Susan B. Crossman Kindergarten Collection
ID
NMAH.AC.1208
Date
1902-1932
Extent
1.0 Cubic feet (2 boxes)
Language
English
Abstract
Papers document the training and career of Susan B. Crossman as a kindergarten teacher in the early twentieth century. The collection includes workbooks that were part of the Friedrich Froebel method of kindergarten teaching, which are filled with cut and folded paper and needlecraft projects that were part of a kindergarten teacher's training; a 1932 photograph of Crossman; her 1902 graduation program; class notes from 1903-1904; and a manual of Froebel's teaching methodology, undated.

Preferred Citation note

Title and date of item, Susan B. Crossman Kindergarten Collection, 1902-1932, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, box number X, folder number XX, digital file number XXXXXXX

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Biographical/Historical note

Susan B. Crossman Gray (d. early 1960s) was a kindergarten teacher at the Washington City Normal Kindergarten Institute in Washington, D.C., where she trained from 1902-1903. Crossman married Leslie Gray in 1906 and they had one daughter, Dorothy.

Crossman studied the "Froebel Method" of early childhood education developed by Friederich Froebel (1792-1852)a German teacher. Froebel created the "Froebel Gifts," a series of activity-based playthings ranging from simple sphere-shaped objects to geometric wooden blocks for instructing children. More advanced Gifts relate to sewing, cutting, weaving and the modelling of objects in clay.

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Scope and Contents note

Papers documenting the training and career of Susan Crossman as a kindergarten teacher in the early twentieth century. The collection includes workbooks that were part of the Friedrich Froebel method of kindergarten teaching, which are filled with cut and folded paper and needlecraft projects that were part of a kindergarten teacher's training program; a 1932 photograph of Crossman; her 1902 graduation program from the Washington City Normal Kindergarten Institute of Washington, D.C.; class notes from 1903-1904; and a manual of Froebel's teaching methodology, undated.

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Arrangement note

The collection is arranged topically.

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Controlled Access Headings

Genre(s)

  • Manuals--1900-1950
  • Workbooks

Personal Name(s)

  • Froebel, Friedrich Wilhelm August, 1782-1852

Subject(s)

  • Education
  • Kindergarten
  • Teachers

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Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements note

Stored off-site. Arrangements must be made with the Archives Center staff two weeks prior to a scheduled research visit.

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Collection Inventory

Photograph of Susan B. Crossman, 1932 


  Box Folder
Mixed materials   1 1

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Washington City Normal Kindergarten Institute commencement exercises, 1902 January 


  Box Folder
Mixed materials   1 1

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College program book (class notes), 1903-1904 


  Box Folder
Mixed materials   1 2

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Friedrich Froebel Manual of "Gifts," undated 


  Box Folder
Mixed materials   1 3

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Kindergarten workbook (bound volume), undated 


  Box Folder
Graphic materials   2 1

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Kindergarten work (bound volume), undated 


  Box Folder
Graphic materials   2 2

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