Guide to the Bethlehem Steel Corporation Mining Photographs
NMAH.AC.1242

Administrative Information

Repository Information

Archives Center, National Museum of American History, January 2012

P.O. Box 37012
Suite 1100, MRC 601
Washington, D.C., 20013-7012
Phone: 202-633-3270
archivescenter@si.edu

Conditions Governing Access note

The collection is open for research use.

Conditions Governing Use note

Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

The collection was donated to the Archives Center by Richard Angelo, Jr., and Jeanette Angelo Laverty on July 9, 2011.

Processing Information note

Processed by Alison Oswald, archivist, January 2012.

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Summary Information

Repository
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Creator
Bethlehem Steel Corporation
Title
Bethlehem Steel Corporation Mining Photographs
ID
NMAH.AC.1242
Date [bulk]
bulk 1947-1980
Date [inclusive]
bulk 1947-1980 1880-1993
Extent
17 Cubic feet, 58 boxes
Language
English
Abstract
The collection consists of approximately 28,000 photographic negatives, slides, prints and other materials documenting Bethlehem Steel Corporation's iron ore mining operations. The photographs were taken by Richard "Jay" Angelo, a Bethlehem Steel Corporation photographer. The majority of the photographs depict Bethlehem's mining operations at its Cornwall and Morgantown, Pennsylvania mines. A smaller number of negatives document operations in western Pennsylvania, Kentucky, West Virginia, Michigan and Ontario. The negatives depict aerial views, blasting operations, tunneling, equipment and infrastructure, machinery, employees working, company personnel, and company-built community facilities. The collection documents the complete operations of a major, historic mining operation over four decades.

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Biographical/Historical note

Richard "Jay" Angelo (1922-1997) was the official photographer for Bethlehem Cornwall Corporation (a subsidiary of the Bethlehem Steel Corporation) mining operations in Cornwall, Pennsylvania. The Cornwall Division operated three underground mines with concentrating and agglomerating facilities. Using a Speed Graphic camera (a portable professional camera), which used 4" x 5" film, Angelo captured between 20,000 and 30,000 negatives, mostly black-and-white, from January 1947 to January 1980. The negatives depict aerial views; each new blast in the open pit; tunneling in the underground works; installation of infrastructure such as underground bracing, head frames, railway track and agglomeration machinery; employees at work, receiving awards, or retiring; tours for corporate executives, local school teachers, and other mining executives; road and land improvements; company-built community facilities; safety program activities; installation and operation of the concentrating and agglomeration plants.

Angelo graduated from high school in 1940 and immediately began working in the mines, following in the foot steps of his father, an Italian immigrant. He joined the United States Navy in 1942 working as a radio operator aboard a communications ship. Angelo served in both the European and Pacific theaters of World War II. Angelo returned home in 1946 and worked in the mines, first in a tool room, then in the enginneering department. In 1947, he began taking photographs for the company, specializing in mining. Other photographers processed color and black-and-white negatives in the company lab and photographed the company's many plants. Angelo retired in 1980.

For over sixty years (1916-1980), Bethlehem Steel Company obtained most of its iron ore from three mines it owned and operated in eastern Pennsylvania. Two mines were located in Cornwall, about fifteen miles east of Harrisburg, and one was located in Morgantown, about twenty-five miles south of Reading. Until its closure in 1980, the Cornwall mine was the longest continuously operated mine in North America. The Cornwall Mine began in 1732 when John, Thomas, and Richard Penn deeded over 9,000 acres to Joseph Turne, who assigned it to William Allen. In 1734, Peter Grubb, a prospector for iron, paid Allen for the acreage and in 1742 built the Cornwall Furnance near the ore deposit. Other parties gained access and partnership to the ore banks through purchase or inheritance, and in 1854, Grubb and the others combined to form the Cornwall Ore Banks Company. Bethlehem Steel Company acquired ownership of the Cornwall Mines in 1916 and had complete ownership by 1921. The only exception was the Robesonia Iron Company, a small indepednent section that remained free of Bethlehem ownership until 1926, when Bethlehem acquired it and thus gained sole control of the ore desposits. The Cornwall iron ore deposit became one of the most valuable in the United States.

There were two major ore bodies in Cornwall, Pennsylvania, south of Lebanon, Pennsylvania, called Cornwall mines number 3 and number 4. Extracting the ore was done through open pit mining when deposits of useful minerals or rock were found near the surface. Open pit mining was used at Cornwall until 1953 when the open pits became too deep and economically not viable. It is estimated that over fifty-six million tons of ore were removed from mine number 3 between 1734 and 1953. By 1953, all of the available exposed ore was removed, and it was necessary for the company to begin underground mining activities. Other forms of mining included extractive methods that required tunneling into the earth, such as long wall mining. The number 4 mine was begun in 1926 as an underground operation; by 1965, twenty-two million tons of ore had been mined. In 1948, new iron ore deposits were discovered using an airborne magnetometer (an instrument used to measure the magnetic field) during an aerial survey in southeastern Pennsylvania. Bethlehem Steel acquired the land. Construction for the mine began in 1951 and ore stripping began in 1958. The new mine was called Grace Mine after Bethlehem Chairman and CEO Eugene Grace. Mining at lasted until 1977.

The Marmoratan Mine located in Hastings County, Ontario (east of Toronto) also became part of the vast Bethlehem Steel Corporation holdings. Iron mining was an important industry in the area during the nineteenth century. The village of Marmora was originally named Marmora Iron Works. Magnetic iron ore was mined as early as 1820, but a series of failures resulted in the abandonment of the mine. In 1949, the Ontario Department of Mines, in conjunction with the Geological Survey of Canada, conducted an aerial survey of the region. Bethlehem Steel geologists became interested in the area and in May, 1950, the company obtained options to purchase a 290 acre tract of property. Bethlehem would eventually acquire 1900 acres of property at Marmora. Drilling began in 1951, and the mine closed in 1979.

The scale of operations at the three mines was prodigious. Together, these mines were second only to Minnesota’s famous Mesabi Range in terms of volume and quality of iron ore extracted. In addition to ore extraction, the mines were equipped with large-scale concentrating and agglomeration facilities, where the raw ore was separated into disparate minerals through the use of magnetic separators. The iron was then further concentrated into high density pellets that were easier to ship and more economical in making steel. Bethlehem erected its first concentrating facilities at Cornwall in 1916. When Bethlehem Steel acquired the Cornwall mines its long-term plan was to expand and modernize its program by adding mill equipment and providing sintering plants. Bethlehem purchased the Pennsylvania Steel Company in 1916, which included a wet mill equipped with a Grondal magnetic separator. From 1934 to 1962, the mines produced over twenty-seven million tons of iron concentrate, 450,000 tons of copper concentrate, and 1,650 tons of pyrite concentrate. The agglomeration plant at the Grace Mine alone produced three million tons of iron concentrate between 1958 and 1965.

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Scope and Contents note

The collection consists of approximately 28,000 photographic negatives, slides, prints and other materials documenting Bethlehem Steel Corporation's iron ore mining operations. The photographs were taken by Richard "Jay" Angelo, a Bethlehem Steel Corporation photographer. The majority of the photographs depict Bethlehem's mining operations at its Cornwall and Morgantown, Pennsylvania mines. A smaller number of negatives document operations in western Pennsylvania, Kentucky, West Virginia, Michigan and Ontario. The negatives depict aerial views, blasting operations, tunneling, equipment and infrastructure, machinery, employees working, company personnel, and company-built community facilities. The collection documents the complete operations of a major, historic mining operation over four decades.

Series 1, Historical Background Materials, 1923-19933, consists of typescript general histories for the Bethlehem Steel Corporation, and specifically, the Cornwall Mine, Grace Mine, and the Marmoratan Mining Company. Included are some copies of maps, newspaper articles, photographs and one letter from Charlie Neil dated 1993 containing history of the Cornwall mining operations. Other miscellaneous items include articles about concrete, a retirement brochure for Sheldon J. Shale, and bound monthly progress reports of operations for the Cornwall Division, 1923-1929. These reports detail production, ore analysis, construction of mine shafts, repairs made, and physical plant conditions.

Series 2, Logbooks, 1949-1980, consists of personal, mileage, and photograph and negative logbooks maintained by Richard R. Angelo during the course of his career as a photographer for Bethlehem Steel Corporation, Cornwall Division. The series is divided into three subseries: Subseries 1, Personal Logbooks, 1949-1981, Subseries 2, Mileage Logbooks, 1957-1980, and Subseries 3, Photograph and Negative Logbooks, 1947-1968. The bound notebooks are arranged chronologically and are approximately 4 1/2" x 7 1/2" or smaller.

Subseries 1, Personal Logbooks, 1949-1980, consists of Angelo's personal logbooks which begin in 1949 and chronicle his daily activities and include the amount of time spent accomplishing each stated activity. For example, from April of 1949, Angelo writes, "making negatives and printing, eight hours." Later logbooks do not contain the number of hours, but many contain the number of vacation days Angelo took.

Subseries 2, Mileage Logbooks, 1957-1980 and undated, consists of logbooks with the date, number of miles, and location where Angelo drove. In some instances, toll expenses are noted as well as total mileage calculated for a month.

Subseries 3, Negative Logbooks, 1947-1980, consists of logbooks detailing the date, negative number and a brief description for black-and-white and color negatives. For example, the March 3, 1951, entry is listed as "#1840-0, waste rock tunnel, mine number 3." In some instances Angelo notes if a photograph or negative was rejected. Later logbooks follow an alpha-numeric identification system. These logbooks should be consulted when using Series 4, Black-and-White negatives. The subseries is arranged chronologically.

Series 3, Indices, 1943-1960, consists of typescript lists detailing the negative number, date, and a brief description for the Bethlehem Report (BR), the early Pilot Plant and raw materials (CN), microphotographs (MP), and Pilot Plant (PP,) and raw materials and office plant (RM). The person who assembled these lists or applied the alpha-numeric system is unknown. These indices should be consulted when using boxes 36 to 38 in Series 4, Black-and-White Negatives.

Series 4, Black-and-White Negatives, 1941-1963, is divided into six subseries: Subseries 1, #1-#4108, 1947-1961; Subseries 2, A1 to A400, 1941-1949; Subseries 3, B1 to B9995, 1953-1963; Subseries 4, C1 to C6999, 1963 [1969?]; Subseries 5, Chronological, 1950-1955; and Subseries 6, Topical, 1941-1961. The negatives are approximately 4" x 5" and are housed in glassine envelopes. In some instances, 4" x 5" prints are filed behind the corresponding negative.

The alpha-numeric subseries of negatives is not inclusive. There are indices (see Series 3) for the negatives in boxes 36 to 38 and the logbooks (see Series 2) maintained by Richard R. Angelo. The indices provide the alpha-numeric identification number, date, and brief description for the negative. For example, negative B-528 documents the #4 mine machine shop looking west, March 12, 1954. Researchers should use the logbooks in conjunction with the negatives.

There are some negatives that document diagrams, drawings, plans, sectional views, schematics for ore pockets, mine shafts, and flow sheets for the Lebanon Concentrator and the crushing plant at the Grace Mine. Some of the negatives were used in the creation of the Bethlehem Mines Corporation, Cornwall Division, photograph album which documents progress as of December 31, 1964.

Series 5, Color Negatives, 1964-1979, consists of approximately 940 color negatives, presumably documenting a wide variety of mining activities as well as employees. There is no index to these negatives. The negatives are arranged numerically.

Series 6, Photographic Prints, 1880s-1972 and undated, consists primarily of black-and-white prints of mining equipment, views of mine interiors (including the mine vein), aerial views, buildings, and employees. The bulk of photographs document Bethlehem mines in Pennsylvania, specifically Cornwall and Grace, but there is documentation for the Marmora Mine in Ontario, Canada. Some of the prints have captions and dates. Some oversize photographs (11" x 14") documenting the Matamora Mine in Ontario, Canada, 1958, were taken by H.R. Oakman of Peterboro, Ontario. The materials are arranged alphabetically.

Series 7, Photograph Albums, 1951-1971, consists of five bound albums and some loose materials documenting the Marmora Mine in Ontario, Canada. Many of the albums were photographed by H.R. Oakman of Peterboro, Ontario. The albums contain mounted black-and-white prints that are 4" x 5" or 11" x 17." The albums are arranged chronologically.

Series 8, Slides, 1950-1980, contains 35 mm slides in both black and white and color. The slides document a range of activities and are arranged alphabetically by mine location.

Series 9, Moving Images, 1961 and undated, consists of two color 16 mm films documenting the Grace Mine in Pennsylvania.

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Arrangement note

The collection is arranged into nine series.

Series 1, Historical Background Materials, 1923-1993

Series 2, Logbooks, 1949-1980

Subseries 1, Personal Logbooks, 1949-1980

Subseries 2, Mileage Logbooks, 1957-1980 and undated

Subseries 3, Negative Logbooks, 1947-1980

Series 3, Indices, 1943-1960

Series 4, Black-and-White Negatives, 1941-1963

Subseries 1, #1-#4108, 1947-1961

Subseries 2, A1 to A400, 1941-1949

Subseries 3, B1 to B9995, 1953-1963

Subseries 4, C1 to C6999, 1963 [1969?]

Subseries 5, Chronological, 1950-1955

Subseries 6, Topical, 1941-1961

Series 5, Color Negatives, 1964-1979

Series 6, Photographic Prints, 1880s-1972 and undated

Series 7, Photograph Albums, 1951-1971

Series 8, Slides, 1950-1980

Series 9, Moving Image, 1961 and undated

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

Materials at the Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Alexander Van Valen Papers, 1849-1850 (AC0935)

International Salt Company Records, 1888-1964 (AC1158)

Industry on Parade Film Collection, 1950-1960 (AC0507)

Arthur d’Arazien Industrial Photographs Collection, circa 1939-1984 (AC0314)

Frank Klepetko Michigan Mining Cyanotype Album, circa 1880 (AC1042)

Materials in Other Organizations

Hagley Museum and Library

Bethlehem Steel Corporation records, 1714-1982

Bethlehem Steel Corporation and Bethlehem Ship Corporation photograph collection, 1786-1966

Bethlehem Steel Corporation. Predecessor and subsidiary companies, 1860-1947

Pennsylvania State Archives

Cornwall Ore Bank Company Records, 1802-1935, 1954

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Controlled Access Headings

Genre(s)

  • Color negatives
  • Color slides--20th century
  • Photographs--Black-and-white negatives--20th century
  • Slides (photographs)--20th century

Subject(s)

  • Iron and steel industry
  • Iron--Pennsylvania
  • Mines
  • Mines--Pennsylvania

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Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements note

Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Special arrangements required to view negatives due to cold storage. Using negatives requires a three hour waiting period. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.

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Bibliography

Bethlehem Steel. Bethlehem in Marmora, circa 1950s.

Bingham, John P. "Bethlehem Cornwall Corporation, Grace Mine Development," November 1956.

Larison, Dennis. "Picture this...Local photographer records mine history on film," The Daily Sunday Magazine (Cornwall, Pensylvania), November 5, 1989.

Peets, Robert G. and revised by H.O. Olsen. "Mining History at Cornwall, Pa." July 1957 and November 1970.

Stout, Koehler S. Mining Methods and Equipment. New York: McGraw-Hill, Inc., 1980.

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Collection Inventory

 Series 1, Historical Background, 1923-1993

Series 1 consists of typescript general histories for the Bethlehem Steel Corporation, and specifically, the Cornwall Mine, Grace Mine, and the Marmoratan Mining Company. Included are some copies of maps, newspaper articles, photographs and one letter from Charlie Neil dated 1993 containing history of the Cornwall mining operations. Other miscellaneous items include articles about concrete, a retirement brochure for Sheldon J. Shale, and bound monthly progress reports of operations for the Cornwall Division, 1923-1929. These reports detail production, ore analysis, construction of mine shafts, repairs made, and physical plant conditions.

General histories of Bethlehem mines, 1979-1993


  Box Folder
Text   44 1

Cornwall mines history, 1962 and undated


  Box Folder
Text   44 2

Bethlehem in Marmora, Ontario, undated


  Box Folder
Text   44 2A

Articles about concrete, 1949-1950


  Box Folder
Text   44 3

Monthly reports of operations, 1923-1929


  Box Folder
Text   44 4

Preparation of material for lantern slides (memo from Publications Department), 1954 December


  Box Folder
Text   44 5

Weekly reports, 1960 July-1960 October


  Box Folder
Text   44 6

Preliminary request for material blank form, undated


  Box Folder
Text   44 7

Sheldon J. Shale retirement brochure, 1979 August


  Box Folder
Text   44 8

 Series 2, Logbooks

Series 2 consists of personal, mileage, and photograph and negative logbooks maintained by Richard R. Angelo during the course of his career as a photographer for Bethlehem Steel Corporation, Cornwall Division. The series is divided into three subseries: Subseries 1, Personal Logbooks, 1949-1981, Subseries 2, Mileage Logbooks, 1957-1980, and Subseries 3, Photograph and Negative Logbooks, 1947-1968. The bound notebooks are arranged chronologically and are approximately 4 1/2" x 7 1/2" or smaller.

 Subseries 1, Personal Logbooks, 1949-1980

Subseries 1 consists of Angelo's personal logbooks which begin in 1949 and chronicle his daily activities and include the amount of time spent accomplishing each stated activity. For example, from April of 1949, Angelo writes, "making negatives and printing, eight hours." Later logbooks do not contain the number of hours, but many contain the number of vacation days Angelo took.

Richard R. Angelo, 1949 April-1949 November


  Box Folder
Text   44 9

Richard R. Angelo, 1958 February-1958 August


  Box Folder
Text   44 10

Richard R. Angelo, 1960 August-1963 May


  Box Folder
Text   45 11

Richard R. Angelo, 1963 May 5-1966 March 4


  Box Folder
Text   45 12

Richard R. Angelo, 1966 March 9-1968 November


  Box Folder
Text   45 13

Richard R. Angelo, 1968 November-1971 September


  Box Folder
Text   45 1

Richard R. Angelo, 1971 September 3-1974 September 4


  Box Folder
Text   45 2

Richard R. Angelo, 1974 September 5-1977 November 16


  Box Folder
Text   45 3

Richard R. Angelo, 1977 November 17-[1980 January 30?]


  Box Folder
Text   45 4

 Subseries 2, Mileage Logbooks, 1957-1980 undated

Subseries 2 consists of logbooks with the date, number of miles, and location where Angelo drove. In some instances, toll expenses are noted as well as total mileage calculated for a month.

Mileage, 1957 July-1965 July


  Box Folder
Text   45 5

Mileage, 1973 August-1980 February 2


  Box Folder
Text   45 6

Mileage, undated


  Box Folder
Text   45 7

 Subseries 3, Negative Logbooks, 1947-1980

Subseries 3 consists of logbooks detailing the date, negative number and a brief description for black-and-white and color negatives. For example, the March 3, 1951, entry is listed as "#1840-0, waste rock tunnel, mine number 3." In some instances Angelo notes if a negative was rejected. Later logbooks follow an alpha-numeric identification system. These logbooks should be consulted when using Series 4, Black-and-White negatives. The subseries is arranged chronologically.

Unidentified, 1947 January-1949 April


  Box Folder
Text   45 8

Photograph logbook, 1949 May-1952 February


  Box Folder
Text   45 9

Photograph and color slides, 1950 June


  Box Folder
Text   45 10

Photographs and negatives (B17-B520), 1952 February-1954 February


  Box Folder
Text   45 11

Photographs and negatives (B521-B2338), 1954 March-1956 October


  Box Folder
Text   45 12

Negatives (B2339-B4468), 1956 February-1959 January


  Box Folder
Text   45 13

Negatives (B4469-B6276), 1959 January-1960 August


  Box Folder
Text   45 14

Negatives (B6277-B8994), 1960 September-1962 November


  Box Folder
Text   45 15

Negatives (B8995-B9995 and C1-C1867), 1962 December-1965 May


  Box Folder
Text   45 16

Negatives (C1868-C5112), 1965 May-1968 February


  Box Folder
Text   45 17

Negatives (C5113-C8699), 1968 March-1971 July


  Box Folder
Text   46 1

Negatives (C8700-C14590), 1971 August-1977 March


  Box Folder
Text   46 2

Negatives (C14591-C17714), 1977 April-1980 January


  Box Folder
Text   46 3

Color negatives (Bethlehem Cornwall Corporation), 1964


  Box Folder
Text   46 4

 Series 3, Indices, 1943-1960

Series 3 consists of typescript lists detailing the negative number, date, and a brief description for the Bethlehem Report (BR), the early Pilot Plant and raw materials (CN), microphotographs (MP), Pilot Plant (PP,) and raw materials and office plant (RM). The person who assembled these lists or applied the alpha-numeric system is unknown. Presumably these indices were created when assembling a company publication. These indices should be consulted when using boxes 36 to 38 in Series 4, Black-and-White Negatives.

Negatives for the Bethlehem Report (BR1-BR76), 1959


  Box Folder
Text   46 5

Pilot plant and raw materials (CN1-CN165), 1943-1949


  Box Folder
Text   46 6

Microphotographs, 1950-1960


  Box Folder
Text   46 7

Pilot Plant, 1951-1958


  Box Folder
Text   46 8

Raw Materials Office and labs, 1953-1959


  Box Folder
Text   46 9

 Series 4, Black-and-White Negatives, 1941-1963

Series 4 is divided into six subseries: Subseries 1, #1-#4108, 1947-1961; Subseries 2, A1 to A400, 1941-1949; Subseries 3, B1 to B9995, 1953-1963; Subseries 4, C1 to C6999, 1963 [1969?]; Subseries 5, Chronological, 1950-1955; Subseries 6, Topical, 1941-1961The negatives are approximately 4" x 5" and are housed in glassine envelopes. In some instances, 4" x 5" prints are filed behind the corresponding negative.

The alpha-numeric negatives are not complete. There are indices (see Series 3) for the negatives in boxes 36 to 38 and the logbooks (see Series 2) maintained by Richard R. Angelo. The indices provide the alpha-numeric identification number, date, and brief description for the negative. For example, negative B-528 documents the #4 mine machine shop looking west, March 12, 1954. Researchers should use the logbooks in conjunction with the negatives.

There are some negatives that document diagrams, drawings, plans, sectional views, schematics for ore pockets, mine shafts, and flow sheets for the Lebanon Concentrator and the crushing plant at the Grace Mine. Some of the negatives were used in the creation of the Bethlehem Mines Corporation, Cornwall Division, photograph album which documents progress as of December 31, 1964.

 Subseries 1, #1-#4108, 1947-1961

Box

1-899, 1947-1949

1

900-1499, 1949-1950

2

1500-2 to 2199-9, 1950-1951

3

2201-11 to 2800, 1951-1952

4

2201-11 to 2800, 1951-1952

4A

2801-3349, 1952

5

3350-3849, 1952-1953

6

3850-4108, 1953-1961

7
Box

 Subseries 2, A1-A400, 1941-1949

7

 Subseries 3, B1-B9995, 1953-1963

Box

B1-B700, 1953-1954

8

B800-B1650, 1954-1956

8A

B1651-B2450, 1956

9

B2451-B3299

10

B3301-B4199, 1957-1958

11

B4200-B4999, 1958-1959

12

B5000-B5747, 1959-1960

13

B5751-B6499, 1960

14

B6500-B7249, 1960-1961

15

B7250-B8100, 1961-1962

16

B8199-B8940, 1962

17

B8941-B9620, 1962-1963

18

B9621-B9995, 1963

19

 Subseries 4, C1-C6999, 1963-[1969?]

Box

C16-C430, 1963-1964

19

C431-C1299, 1964

20

C1300-C2199, 1964-1965

21

C2200-C3140, 1965-1966

Box

C3141-C4048, 1966-1967

23

C4050-C4899, 1967-1968

24

C4900-C5799, 1968

25

C5800-C6770, 1968-1969

26

C6800-C7699, 1969-1970

27

C7700-8599

28

C8600-C9499, 1971-1972

29

C9500-C10499, 1972-1973

30

C101808-C11399, 1973-1974

31

C11400-C12298, 1974-1975

32

C12300-C14190, 1975-1976

33

C14161-C16183, 1976-1978

34

C16208-C17714, 1978-1980

35

 Subseries 5, Chronological, 1950-1955

Box

1950

39

1951

39

1952

39

1953

39

1954

39

1955

40

 Subseries 6, Topical, 1941-1961

Box

Balling cone, 1957

40

Balling testing machine, 1955 August 3

40

Ball Mill, 1941

36

Baseball and basketball teams, undated

36

Bethlehem Report (BR1-BR72), 1959

36

Black Hills, Benton, 1956 October

40

Black Hills, Wyoming, 1953 November 9

40

Brazil (BR2-BR81), 1954

36

Bridgeport quarries, 1956

40

Cartoon sketch by Jimmy Halo,, 1942 April 2

36

Centiseal pump, 1954

40

Cobber reject, 1953

40

Copper wheel, 1941

36

Cornwall Ore Mines, 1944

36

Cuba, 1954-1957

36

Departments, 1941-1942

36

Dorrcylone model, 1955

40

Erie (E1-E93), 1954-1958

36

Fan Runners, 1941

36

Filtering Building, 1941-1942

36

Freight storage warehouse, 1941-1942

36

Furnace discharge model, 1952-1954

40

Magnetic separator, 1952

40

Maguire, Peter (112349), undated

36

Marmora, Canada, 1960 September

40

Marmora, Ontario (M1-M29), 1956-1960

36

Metallizing Gum, 1942

36

Autlan, Mexico (A1-A188), 1955-1960

36

Mexico and South America, 1957

36

Microphotographs (MP1-MP120), 1950-1960

36

Mill [first mill at concentrator], 1958

40

Mill dorrcylone, 1952

40

Nagany Quarry, 1956 October

40

New York trap rock, Clinton Plant, 1956 October

40

Notices, undated

36

Oliver Filter Wheel, 1941

36

Pellets at Steelton (first stockpile), undated

40

Pelletizing (GP3-GP-104), undated

36

Pellet Plant for A Furnance (AF1-AF25), 1953-1955

37

Pellet Plant for B Furnace (BF1-BF38), 1953-1955

37

Pellet Plant for C Furnace (CF1-CF 46/49), undated

37

Pellet Plant at Lebanon for C2 Furnance (C2F1-C2F90), 1951, 1957-1960

37

Phosphate Mining in Moose Mt. Ontario (MM1-MM17), 1959

37

Pilot Plants (CN1-CN163), 1943-1947

37

Pilot Plants (PP1-PP314), 1951-1961

37

Pit Building, 1954

40

RM Laboratories (RM1-RM111), 1953-1961

38

Settling test, 1953-1961

40

Sintering Plant, 1956-1957

38
Box Box

Slime Dam, 1941-1948

40 38
Box

Solids flow study (SF76-SF210), 1946-1961

38

SRL pump, 1954

40

Substation, 1941

38

B10-B15 [maps?], undated

38

OP1-OP62, 1941-1947

38

Unidentified people, undated

38

Unidentified, undated

38

Miscellaneous, 1945-1948

41-42

Drawings, plans, sections, schematics,, circa 1950s


  Box Folder
Mixed materials   46 10

Unidentified, undated


  Box Folder
Mixed materials   46 11

 Series 5, Color Negatives, 1964-1979

Series 5 consists of approximately 940 color negatives, presumably documenting a wide variety of mining activities as well as employees. There is no index to these negatives. The negatives are arranged numerically.

Box

1-940

43

 Series 6, Photographic Prints, undated 1880s-1972

Series 6 consists primarily of black-and-white prints of mining equipment, views of mine interiors (including the mine vein), aerial views, buildings, and employees. The bulk of photographs document Bethlehem mines in Pennsylvania, specifically Cornwall and Grace, but there is documentation for the Marmora Mine in Ontario, Canada. Some of the prints have captions and dates. Some oversize photographs (11" x 14") documenting the Matamora Mine in Ontario, Canada, 1958, were taken by H.R. Oakman of Peterboro, Ontario. The materials are arranged alphabetically.

A1-A49, 1941-1942


  Box Folder
Photos   46 12

A50-A93, 1942


  Box Folder
Photos   46 13

A65-A68 (loose photograph album pages), 1942


  Box Folder
Photos   49 1

A94, A96 (loose photograph album pages), 1942


  Box Folder
Photos   49 1

A97-A100 (loose photograph album pages), 1942


  Box Folder
Photos   49 1

A105-A149, 1942-1943


  Box Folder
Photos   46 14

A150-A199, 1943


  Box Folder
Photos   46 15

A200-A249, 1944


  Box Folder
Photos   47 16

A250-A294, 1944


  Box Folder
Photos   47 17

A300-A349, 1945


  Box Folder
Photos   47 18

A350-A389, 1945-1946


  Box Folder
Photos   47 19

A391, 1947


  Box Folder
Photos   46 20

C-801 to C-805 (mine #4), 1964 June 4


  Box Folder
Photos   46 21

F6799, F7601, F7171, F7886, F7963,, undated


  Box Folder
Photos   46 22

F8355 to F8365, undated


  Box Folder
Photos   46 23

F8482 to F8497, undated


  Box Folder
Photos   46 24

29747A/29747-2, undated


  Box Folder
Photos   46 25

Aerials (unidentified), 1989 September 9


  Box Folder
Photos   46 26

Aerials (unidentified), undated


  Box Folder
Photos   46 27

Bethlehem Cornwall Division truck, 1957 June 14


  Box Folder
Photos   46 28

Big Hill, 1880s


  Box Folder
Photos   46 29

Camp Kawanis, Penryn Park, 1972 December 7


  Box Folder
Photos   46 30

[Construction of building, Cornwall, Pennsylvania?], 1961 June 1961 August


  Box Folder
Photos   47 1

[Cornwall, Pennsylvania?], 1957 September 24


  Box Folder
Photos   47 2

Cornwall Division photograph album, 1964 December


  Box Folder
Photos   47 3

Cornwall, Pennsylvania (aerial), 1971 July 5


  Box Folder
Photos   47 4

Crushing, loading and stocking plant, mine #4,, 1938-1948


  Box Folder
Photos   47 5

Employees, 1965, 1969 and undated


  Box Folder
Photos   47 6

Employees, 1970 February


  Box Folder
Photos   47 7

Friedensville, Pennsylvania, mine, 1959 January 16


  Box Folder
Photos   49 3

Giachero, John, 1959 February 10


  Box Folder
Photos   47 8

Grace Mine, Pennsylvania (C. Martin, Jim Keeney, and Fati Yaklich), 1955 April 11


  Box Folder
Photos   47 9

Grace Mine, Pennsylvania, 1955 August 16


  Box Folder
Photos   47 10

Grace Mine, Pennsylvania, 1960 June 14


  Box Folder
Photos   47 11

Grace Mine, Pennsylvania (Frank Mastroli and Waltman), 1962 July 11


  Box Folder
Photos   47 12

Grace Mine, Pennsylvania (C. Martin, Dick Dohner and Ben Bernard), 1964 October 7


  Box Folder
Photos   47 13

Greenwood Coal, circa 1970s?


  Box Folder
Photos   47 14

Greenwood Stripping Company, undated


  Box Folder
Photos   47 15

Heberling, Earl Sol, 1951 June 19


  Box Folder
Photos   47 16

Interior views and equipment, 1953 March


  Box Folder
Photos   47 17

Lebanon Plant (concentrator), 1922


  Box Folder
Photos   47 18

Lebanon Tailings Dam (aerials), 1972 December 7


  Box Folder
Photos   47 19

Marmora Mine, Ontario Canada (690-14-4 to 690-14-9), 1958


  Box Folder
Photos   49 2

[Marmora Mine, Ontario?], 1959


  Box Folder
Photos   47 20

Marmoratan Mining Company, 1964


  Box Folder
Photos   47 21

[Marmora Mine, Ontario?], circa 1960s


  Box Folder
Photos   48 1

Men's locker room, undated


  Box Folder
Photos   48 2

Millard's aerials, 1972 December 7


  Box Folder
Photos   48 3

Miners, undated


  Box Folder
Photos   48 4

Mine shafts, undated


  Box Folder
Photos   48 5

[Pellet Plant?], P-20-5 and P-23-8-10, 1954-1955


  Box Folder
Photos   48 6

Pellet Plant, 1955


  Box Folder
Photos   48 7

Sentinels of Safety Award, 1967


  Box Folder
Photos   48 8

Shaft headframes, undated


  Box Folder
Photos   48 9

Surface mine #4, 1944


  Box Folder
Photos   47 10

#3 Mine (C. Demler and Pete Grand, Jr.), 1965 October 20


  Box Folder
Photos   48 11

Unidentified mine, 1942 May


  Box Folder
Photos   48 12

Unidentified mine, 1942 May-1942 August


  Box Folder
Photos   46 13

Unidentified, undated


  Box Folder
Photos   48 14

Unidentified mine, undated


  Box Folder
Photos   49 4

 Series 7, Photograph Albums, 1951-1971

Series 7 consists of five bound albums and some loose materials documenting the Marmora Mine in Ontario, Canada. Many of the albums were photographed by H.R. Oakman of Peterboro, Ontario. The albums contain mounted black-and-white prints that are 4" x 5" or 11" x 17." The albums are arranged chronologically.

Box

Marmora Mine, 1951-1954 April

50

Mamora Mine, 1954 October

50

Marmoratan Mining Company, 1955 May 11

52

Marmora Mine, 1954 April-1957


  Box Folder
Photos   51 2

Marmora Mine, 1956 November-1971 October


  Box Folder
Photos   51 3

Marmoa Mine, loose album pages, 1961 September-1962 January 1952 October-1953 March


  Box Folder
Photos   51 1

Box

Premier Frosts visit to Bethlehem Mines Corporation, Marmora Mine, Marmora, Ontario, undated

53

 Series 8, Slides, 1950-1980

Series 8, Slides contains 35 mm slides in both black and white and color. The slides document a range of activities and are arranged alphabetically by mine location.

Bethlehem Corporation drawings, Morgantown, Pennsylvania, 1957-1958


  Box Folder
Slides   54 1

Bethlehem Mines, Pennsylvania, open pit, 1968 January-1968 May


  Box Folder
Slides   54 2

Bethlehem Quarry, Pennsylvania, new plant, 1968 August


  Box Folder
Slides   54 3

Bethlehem Quarry, Pennsylvania, new plant, 1970 September


  Box Folder
Slides   54 4

Bethlehem Quarry, Pennsylvania, 1978 February


  Box Folder
Slides   54 5

Bridgeport Station Mine, Pennsylvania and McCoy Mine, Pennsylvania, 1966


  Box Folder
Slides   54 6

Bridgeport Station Mine, Pennsylvania and MCoy Mine, Pennsylvania, 1966-1967


  Box Folder
Slides   54 7

Charcoal Pit, 1977 February 7


  Box Folder
Slides   54 8

Construction of building and aerials, 1978 August 2


  Box Folder
Slides   54 9

Cornwall Flood, 1972 June 22


  Box Folder
Slides   54 10

Cornwall Mine, Pennsylvania (miscellaneous), 1950-1980


  Box Folder
Slides   54 11

Cornwall Mine, Pennsylvania (concentrator), 1961


  Box Folder
Slides   54 12

Cornwall Mine, Pennsylvania (mine operations), 1966


  Box Folder
Slides   54 13

Cornwall Mine, Pennsylvania and Grace Mine Pennsylvania, 1968 September 20


  Box Folder
Slides   55 1

Cornwall Mine, Pennsylvania and Grace Mine Pennsylvania (underground scenes), undated


  Box Folder
Slides   55 2

Cornwall Mine, Pennsylvania (concentrator), 1968


  Box Folder
Slides   55 3

Cornwall Mine, Pennsylvania, 1969 October; 1971 July


  Box Folder
Slides   54 4

Cornwall Mine, Pennsylvania (open pit and aerials), 1971


  Box Folder
Slides   55 5

Cornwall Mine, Pennsylvania (open pit), 1973 April 6


  Box Folder
Slides   55 6

Cornwall Mine, Pennsylvania (open pit), 1973 May 11


  Box Folder
Slides   55 7

Cornwall Mine, Pennsylvania (open pit #3), 1973 September-October; 1974 March


  Box Folder
Slides   55 8

Cornwall Mine, Pennsylvania (aerials and tear downs), 1974-1975


  Box Folder
Slides   55 9

Cornwall Mine, Pennsylvania (open pit and aerials), 1975


  Box Folder
Slides   55 10

Cornwall Mine, Pennsylvania (open pit), 1977


  Box Folder
Slides   55 11

Deer camp party and open pit, 1973


  Box Folder
Slides   55 12

Drummond Island, Michigan, 1978 August 29


  Box Folder
Slides   55 13

Grace Mine, Pennsylvania (miscellaneous views), 1951 October


  Box Folder
Slides   56 1

Grace Mine, Pennsylvania, 1951-1957


  Box Folder
Slides   56 2

Grace Mine, Pennsylvania, 1956 April 30


  Box Folder
Slides   56 3

Grace Mine, Pennsylvania (equipment), 1967-1969


  Box Folder
Slides   56 4

Grace Mine, Pennsylvania, 1967-1968


  Box Folder
Slides   54 5

Grace Mine, Pennsylvania, 1968 August-1968 October


  Box Folder
Slides   56 6

Grace Mine, Pennsylvania, 1968, 1971 August and undated


  Box Folder
Slides   56 7

Grace Mine, Pennsylvania (crusher room), 1971 May


  Box Folder
Slides   56 8

Grace Mine, Pennsylvania, 1973 November 1


  Box Folder
Slides   56 9

Grace Mine, Pennsylvania (pellet plant), 1983


  Box Folder
Slides   56 10

Grace Mine, Pennsylvania, undated


  Box Folder
Slides   56 11

Greenwood, Pennsylvania and Panther Valley, Pennsylvania mines, 1975-1976


  Box Folder
Slides   56 12

Hanover Mine, Pennsylvania, 1966 January-1966 October


  Box Folder
Slides   56 13

Hanover Mine, Pennsylvania, 1968 September and undated


  Box Folder
Slides   56 14

Hanover Mine, Pennsylvania, 1971 February-1971 March, 1971 May, 1971 October


  Box Folder
Slides   57 1

Hanover Mine, Pennsylvania, 1972 June-1972 August


  Box Folder
Slides   57 2

Hanover Mine, Pennsylvania, 1972 August


  Box Folder
Slides   57 3

Hanover Mine, Pennsylvania, 1978 July


  Box Folder
Slides   57 4

Hanover Mine, Pennsylvania, 1979 November


  Box Folder
Slides   57 5

Hanover Quarry, Pennsylvania, 1966 July-1966 August


  Box Folder
Slides   57 6

Hanover Quarry, Pennsylvania, 1966 October


  Box Folder
Slides   57 7

Hanover Quarry, Pennsylvania, 1969 January


  Box Folder
Slides   57 8

Hanover Quarry, Pennsylvania, 1979 March 3


  Box Folder
Slides   57 9

Hanover Quarry, Pennsylvania, 1979 June


  Box Folder
Slides   57 10

Hanover Quarry, Pennsylvania, 1979 November


  Box Folder
Slides   57 11

McCoy Mine and Millard Quarry, Pennsylvania, 1954, 1955 and undated


  Box Folder
Slides   57 12

McCoy Mine and Millard Quarry, Pennsylvania, 1955 January 29


  Box Folder
Slides   57 13

McCoy Mine and Millard Quarry, Pennsylvania, undated


  Box Folder
Slides   57 14

McCoy Quarry, Pennsylvania, 1968-1969


  Box Folder
Slides   57 15

McCoy Quarry, Pennsylvania, 1967-1972


  Box Folder
Slides   57 16

McCoy Quarry, Pennsylvania, 1969


  Box Folder
Slides   57 17

McCoy Quarry, Pennsylvania, 1971 August 6


  Box Folder
Slides   58 1

Marmora Mine, Ontario, Canada, 1966-1972


  Box Folder
Slides   58 2

Marmora Mine, Ontario, Canada, 1968-1972 and undated


  Box Folder
Slides   58 3

Millard Quarry, Lebanon County, Pennsylvania, 1967-1978


  Box Folder
Slides   58 4

Mine #4, 1962 October; 1966 August; 1967 April; 1967 October


  Box Folder
Slides   58 5

Mineral Specimens, undated


  Box Folder
Slides   58 6

Naginey Quarry, Pennsylvania, 1966 January


  Box Folder
Slides   58 7

Naginey Quarry, Pennsylvania, 1970 January 1


  Box Folder
Slides   58 8

Sparrows Point, Maryland, 1966


  Box Folder
Slides   58 8A

Tailings Dam (seeding), 1972 May; 1972 August


  Box Folder
Slides   58 9

Miscellaneous mining views, 1954 and undated


  Box Folder
Slides   58 10

Unidentified, 1953 December; 1954 March


  Box Folder
Slides   58 11

Unidentified, 1971 July


  Box Folder
Slides   58 12

View master stereo reels, 1974 February 1


  Box Folder
Slides   44 14

 Series 9, Moving Image, 1961 and undated

Series 9 consists of two color 16 mm films documenting the Grace Mine in Pennsylvania.

OF 1242.1, Grace Mine, Pennsylvania, undated

OF 1242.2, Grace Mine, Pennsylvania, 1961 April 1