Guide to the BMI Archives Confederate Sheet Music Collection
NMAH.AC.1258

Administrative Information

Repository Information

Archives Center, National Museum of American History, 2012

P.O. Box 37012
 Suite 1100, MRC 601
 Washington, D.C., 20013-7012
 Phone: 202-633-3270
 archivescenter@si.edu

Conditions Governing Access note

This collection is open for research use.

Conditions Governing Use note

Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions. All duplication requests must be reviewed and approved by Archives Center staff.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

This collection was donated by Broadcast Music, Incorporated (BMI), 2011.

Processing Information note

Processed by Franklin A. Robinson, Jr., archives specialist, January 2012; supervised by Vanessa Broussard-Simmons, archivist.

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Summary Information

Repository
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Creator
Broadcast Music Incorporated (BMI).
Title
BMI Archives Confederate Sheet Music Collection
ID
NMAH.AC.1258
Date
1860-1868
Extent
1.00 Cubic feet; 1 box
Language
English
Abstract
This collection contains sheet music themed in support of the Confederacy. Many pieces were printed within the Confederate States of America during the Civil War (1861-1865). It also contains one Confederate bond and early twentieth century facsimiles of Confederate broadsides from the Chicago Historical Society.

Preferred Citation note

BMI Archives Confederate Sheet Music Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution

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Biographical/Historical note

During the American Civil War (1861-1865), the South used music as propaganda and inspiration to both the Confederate forces and the civilian population. After the war the music conjured up memories of the "Lost Cause" and those unfortunate soldiers who did not return home. Subject matter for songs was wide-ranging and drew from both domestic and military themes. Even though cut off from the music publishing houses of the northern states, the South was very active in publishing music within the boundaries of the Confederacy. Nashville and Memphis, Tennessee were reported to be the most active publishing centers, with the cities of Augusta, Georgia; Columbia, South Carolina; New Orleans, Louisiana; and Mobile, Alabama also publishing sheet music. Much of this music was published on inferior grades of paper, and even though the cover engraving tended to be excellent at the beginning of the war, by war's end the covers were fairly plain and devoid of color or elaborate decoration.

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Scope and Contents note

Originally titled the Edward M. Cramer Confederate Sheet Music Collection in honor of Cramer, president of the music rights organization BMI from 1968-1987, this collection contains sheet music produced within the Confederate States of America, before and after the Civil War.

Series 1, Sheet Music, 1860-1868, undated, contains single sheet songs arranged alphabetically by title as well as compilations. The compilations are filed alphabetically under the song title most identified with the Confederacy. For instance, the reel "Molly Gardner" is in a collection of reels entitled  Jerdon's Reels but found under the title "Molly Gardner".

Series 2, Ephemera, 1863, undated, contains one Confederate States bond and twentieth century facsimiles from the Chicago Historical Society of a variety of Confederate broadsides.

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Arrangement note

The collection is arranged into two series.

Series 1, Sheet Music, 1860-1868, undated

Series 2, Ephemera, 1863, undated

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

Materials in the Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Sam DeVincent Collection of Illustrated American Sheet Music, 1790-1980s (AC0301)

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Controlled Access Headings

Genre(s)

  • Broadsides
  • Sheet music--19th century

Geographic Name(s)

  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865

Personal Name(s)

  • Cramer, Edward M.

Subject(s)

  • Civil War, 1861-1865--Communications
  • War Between the States, 1861-1865

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Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements note

Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves.

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Collection Inventory

 Series 1: Sheet Music, 1861-1865, undated

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Box Folder

"Belmont Quick Step", 1861

1 1

"Bonnie Blue Flag", 1862

1 1

"Bonny Blue Flag", (words only), undated

1 1

"Boys Keep Your Powder Dry", undated

1 1

"The Beauregard", 1861

1 1

"Captain John Morgan", 1862

1 2

"Carrie Bell", 1861

1 2

"Chickamauga Polka", 1862

1 2

"Come, Dearest, the Daylight is Gone", 1861

1 2

"Coming at Last!", 1862

1 2

"Confederacy March", 1861

1 2

"Confederate Battle Flag March", undated

1 2

"Dixey with Southern Words", undated

1 3

"Dixie All Right", 1861

1 3

"Dixie, the Land of King Cotton", 1863

1 3

"Dixie War Song", 1861

1 3

"Do They Think of Me at Home", undated

1 3

"The Drummer Boy of Shiloh", 1863

1 3

"The Dying Volunteer", 1865

1 3

"Ever of Thee", undated

1 4

"The Flag of the South", 1861

1 5

"The Forrest", 1863

1 5

"Gallopade", 1862

1 6

"General A. Sidney Johnson's Grand March", 1861

1 6

"General Breckenridge's Grand Waltz", 1862

1 6

"Gertrude's Dream Waltz", undated

1 6

"God Save the South", 1863

1 6

"God Will Defend the Right", 1861

1 6

"Good Bye Sweetheart, Good Bye", 1863

1 6

"He Will Not Come Again", 1864

1 7

"Here's Your Mule", 1862

1 7

"Here's Your Mule Gallop!", 1861

1 7

"I Cannot Forget Thee", 1864

1 8

"I've Fallen in the Battle", 1864

1 8

"I've Fallen in the Battle" (brillante variation), 1865

1 8

"Kingdom's Coming or The Song of the Contraband", 1864

1 9

"Ku Klux Klan", 1868

1 9

"Ku Klux Klan K.K.K. or Bloody Moon Waltz", 1868

1 9

"Manassas", undated

1 10

"March of the Minute Men", 1860

1 10

"March of the Southern Men", 1863

1 10

"The Minute Men", 1861

1 10

"Molly Gardner", 1860

1 10

"My Guiding Star", 1861

1 10

"My Maryland", 1861

1 10

"My Southern Sunny Home!", 1864

1 10

"O, Do Not Blame My Sadd'ning Heart", 1862

1 11

"On Guard", 1864

1 11

"Over the Rippling Sea", 1864

1 11

"Poor Oppressed or the Contraband Schottisch", 1862

1 12

"The Prisoner's Lament", 1863

1 12

"Quick Step", 1861

1 13

"Recollections of Memphis", 1860

1 14

"Rock Me to Sleep Mother", 1862

1 14

"The Serenade", undated

1 15

"Short Rations", 1864

1 15

"The Song of the South", 1861

1 15

"Song of the Southern Boys", 1861

1 15

"The Southern Boys", 1861

1 15

"The Southern Marseillaise", 1862

1 15

"The Southern Marseillaise Hymn", 1861

1 15

"The Southrons Chaunt of Defiance", 1861

1 15

"Southrons Attend", undated

1 15

"Star of Liberty", 1861

1 15

"The Stonewall Jackson Grand March", 1862

1 15

"Stonewall Jackson's Grand March", 1863

1 15

"Tennessee Battle Song", undated

1 16

"There's Life in the Old Land Yet", undated

1 16

"The Unknown Dead", 1863

1 17

"Volunteers' Grand March", 1862

1 18

"The Volunteer", 1861

1 18

"Wait 'til the War, Love, is Over", 1864

1 19

"Who Will Care for Mother Now", 1863

1 19

"Yes Leave Me!", 1861

1 20

 Series 2: Ephemera, 1863, undated

Box Folder

Confederate Bond, 1863

1 21

Confederate broadsides, Chicago Historical Society facsimiles, undated

1 22

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