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JAMES A. MILLHOLLAND COLLECTION, 1866-1899
#163

(.3 cubic feet: 1 DB)

by: Robert S. Harding, July 1985

Biography

James Allaire Millholland (1842-1911) was as a railroad executive, serving as General Manager and later President of the George's Creek and Cumberland Railroad in Cumberland, Maryland.

James A. Millholland's father, James Millholland (1812-1875), railway master mechanic, is particularly well known for his invention of many railway mechanisms. His association with the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Company as master machinist spanned fifty years in the early development of the American railroad. The senior Millholland's inventions and contributions include the cast-iron crank axle, wooden spring, plate girder bridge, poppet throttle, anthracite firebox, water grate, drop frame, and steel tires. He was also an early user and advocate of the superheater, the feed-water heater, and the injector. Several of his innovations were adopted as standard practice by the railroad industry. For further information see: (White, John H. "James Millholland and Early Railroad Engineering". Contributions From the Museum of History and Technology #252 (1968): 3-36.)

Scope and Content

This collection is divided into five series. The first series consists of biographical material, including notebooks 1866; 1873; 1882; 1886; correspondence, 1867-1899, both from and to James A. Millholland regarding a trip to England and purchase and shipment of railroad rails; the photographic series contains portraits of both Millhollands and car interiors, and locomotive shops stereo cards of locomotives; blueprints, drawings and templates of rail head sections, wheel flanges, and locomotive tires, 1884-1905; and news clippings regarding James Millholland's patents and locomotive engines.

Provenance Transferred from the Division of Transportation on July 3, 1985.

Container List

Box Folder
SERIES 1: BIOGRAPHICAL
1 1 James Millholland
2 James A. Millholland
3 James A. Millholland, Sketches, Mount Savage, MD, May 17, 1866
Biographical Sketch, Nov. 22, 1873
4 James A. Millholland - Sketch book (Springs and chains), August 24, 1882
Travel Diary of trip to Europe, August 31, 1886 - December 13, 1886 including sketches, expenses, weather notations, addresses
SERIES 2: CORRESPONDENCE 1867-1899
5 to James Millholland from his son James A. Millholland, Sept. 14, 1867
to James Millholland from his son James A. Millholland, Oct. 21, 1867
to James Millholland from his son James A. Millholland, Nov. 19, 1867
to Warren Delano re: rail, steel, iron works (copies) Dec. 2 & 8, 1867
to James A Millholland from Pennsylvania Railroad Dec. 29, 1881
to James A. from William H. Brown, chief engineer Penn. RR. Feb. 13, 1885
from A.M. Wellington, editor, Engineering News Nov. 12, 1888
from L.B. Poxson, supt, Philadelphia & Reading Railway Co. June 6, 1899
from Howard F. Martin, General Sales Agent Penn Steel Co. August 21, 1899
SERIES 3: PHOTOGRAPHS
6 Henry, Robert D., James, John, and Paul Millholland, December 28, 1884
James Millholland, 1865
James Millholland, 1869
James Millholland, 1870
James Millholland Family, with second wife Mary Ann
7 Stereo-cards:
"Anthracite coal burning passenger locomotive Built by Philadelphia & Reading Railroad Co. photo by J.A. Millholland May 12, 1864" ("KOSCIUSKO")
"Anthracite coal burning Freight locomotive on the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad. photo by J. A. Millholland May 3, 1865" ("DUBUQUE") 3 proof prints
"Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Reading, PA Locomotive Shops, 1860's"
"Interior of passenger car, Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Photo: J.A. Millholland, amateur February 17, 1865"
Interior of car shop at Reading, 1860's #10T

SERIES 4: DRAWINGS (OF RAIL HEAD SECTIONS, WHEEL FLANGES, AND LOCOMOTIVE TIRES)

8 Drawings
9 Templates, 1880s - 1890s

SERIES 5: NEWS CLIPPINGS

10 News clippings

TOP

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Revised: February 19, 2014