Haggard, M. (1973). "Abbreviation of Consonants in
English Pre- and Post-Vocalic Clusters," J. Phonetics 1, 9-24.
Halle, M. (1985). "Speculations about the Representation
of Words in Memory," in Phonetic Linguistics, edited by V. Fromkin
(Academic, New York), pp. 101-114.
Halle, M., Hughes, G. W., and Radley, J. P. A. (1957).
"Acoustic Properties of Stop Consonants," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 20,
Halle, M., and Keyser, S. J. (1971). English Stress:
Its Form, its Growth and its Role in Verse (Harper and Row,
Halle, M., and Vergnaud, J. R. (1980). "Three-Dimensional
Phonology," J. Ling. Res. 1, 83-105.
Halliday, M. A. K. (1970). "Functional Diversity in
Language as seen from a Consideration of Modality and Mood in
English," Found. Lang. 6, 322-361.
Harris, C. M. (1953). "A Study of the Building Blocks
of Speech," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 25, 962-969.
Harris, K. (1958). "Cues for Discrimination of American
English Fricatives in Spoken Syllables," Lang. Speech 1, 1-17.
Harris, M. O., Umeda, N., and Bourne, J. (1981).
"Boundary Perception in Fluent Speech," J. Phonetics 9, 1-18.
't Hart, J., and Cohen, A. (1973). "Intonation by Rule:
A Perceptual Quest," J. Phonetics 1, 309-327.
Hecker, M. H. L. (1962). "Studies of Nasal Consonants
with an Articulatory Speech Synthesizer," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 34,
Heffner, R. S. (1969). General Phonetics (Univ.
Wisconsin, Madison, WI).
Heinz, J. M., and Stevens, K. N. (1961). "On the
Properties of Voiceless Fricative Consonants," J. Acoust. Soc. Am.
Henderson, L. (1982). Orthography and Word Recognition
in Reading (Academic, New York).
Henke, W. L. (1967). "Preliminaries to Speech Synthesis
Based upon an Articulatory Model," Proc. IEEE Conf. Speech Commun.
Hertz, S. (1982). "From Text to Speech with SRS," J.
Acoust. Soc. Am. 72, 1155-1170.
Hertz, S., Kadin, J., and Karplus, K. (1985). "The
Delta Rule Development System for Speech Synthesis from Text,"
Proc. IEEE 73, 1589-1601.
Hiki, S. (1970). "Control Rule of the Tongue Movement
for Dynamic Analog Speech Synthesis," J. Acoust. Soc. Am.
Suppl. 1 47, S85.
Hill, K., and Nessly, L. (1973). "Review of the Sound
Pattern of English," Linguistics 106, 57-101.
Hirsh, I. J., Davis, H., Silverman, S.R., Reynolds, E.G., Eldest,
E., and Benson, R. W. (1952). "Development of Materials
for Speech Audiometry," J. Speech Hear. Disord. 17, 321-337.
Hirshberg, J., and Pierrehumbert, J. (1986). "The
Intonational Structuring of Discourse," Proc. 24th Meeting Assoc.
Comp. Linguistics, Columbia Univ., New York, pp. 136-144.
Hoard, J. E. (1966). "Juncture and Syllable Structure
in English," Phonetica 15, 96-109.
Hoard, J. E. (1971). "Aspiration, Tenseness and
Syllabification in English," Language 47, 133-140.
Hockett, C. (1955). Manual of Phonetics (Waverley,
Holbrook, A., and Fairbanks, G. (1962). "Diphthong
Formants and their Movements," J. Speech Hear. Res. 5, 38-58.
Holmes, J. N. (1961). "Research on Speech Synthesis
Carried out during a Visit to the Royal Institute of Technology,
Stockholm, from November 1960 to March 1961," Joint Speech Research
Unit Report JU 11.4, British Post Office, Eastcote, England.
Holmes, J. N. (1973). "The Influence of the Glottal
Waveform on the Naturalness of Speech from a Parallel Formant
Synthesizer," IEEE Trans. Audio Electroacoust. AU-21, 298-305.
Holmes, J. N. (1983). "Formant Synthesizers: Cascade
or Parallel," Speech Commun. 2, 251-273.
Holmes, J. N. (1984). "Speech Technology in the Next
Decades," Proceedings of the Tenth International Congress of
Phonetic Sciences, edited by M. P. R. Van den Broecke and A. Cohen
(Foris, Dordrecht, The Netherlands), pp. 125-139.
Holmes, J. N., Mattingly, I. G., and Shearme, J. N. (1964).
"Speech Synthesis by Rule," Lang. Speech 7, 127-143. [Ed:
Reprinted in Flanagan and Rabiner, 1973.]
House, A. S. (1961). "On Vowel Duration in English," J.
Acoust. Soc. Am 33, 1174-1178.
House, A. S., and Fairbanks, G. (1953). "The Influence of
Consonantal Environment upon the Secondary Acoustical Characteristics
of Vowels," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 25, 105-113.
House, A. S., Williams, C. E., Hecker, M. H. L., and Kryter,
K. D. (1965). "Articulation-Testing Methods: Consonant
Differentiation with a Closed-Response Set," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 37,
Huggins, A. W. F., Houde, R. A., and Colwell, E. (1986).
"Vidvox Human Factors Investigation," Bolt Beranek and Newman Inc.
Report No. 6187, Cambridge, MA, p. 15.
Hunnicutt, S. (1976). "Phonological Rules for a
Text-to-Speech System," Am. J. Comp. Ling. Microfiche 57, 1-72.
Hunnicutt, S. (1980). "Grapheme-to-Phoneme Rules, A
Review," Speech Transmission Laboratory, Royal Institute of Technology,
Stockholm, Sweden QPSR 2-3, 38-60.
Hunnicutt, S. (1984). "Bliss Symbol-to-Speech Conversion:
Blisstalk," Speech Transmission Laboratory, Royal Institute of
Technology, Stockholm, Sweden QPSR 1, 58-77.
Hunnicutt, S. (1985). "Lexical Prediction for a
Text-to-Speech System," Speech Transmission Laboratory, Royal Institute
of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden QPSR 2-3, 47-55.
IEEE (1969). "Recommended Practice for Speech Quality
Measurements," IEEE Trans. Audio Electroacoust. AU-17, 225-246.
Ingemann, F. (1978). "Speech Synthesis by Rule using
the FOVE Program," Status Report on Speech Research SR-54, Haskins
Laboratories, New Haven, CT, 165-173.
Ishizaka, K., and Flanagan, J. L. (1972). "Synthesis of
Voiced Sounds from a Two-Mass Model of the Vocal Cords," Bell Syst.
Tech. J. 51, 1233-1268.
Ishizaka, K., and Matsudaira, M. (1968). "What Makes the
Vocal Cords Vibrate?," in The Sixth International Congress on
Acoustics, edited by Y. Kohasi (Elsevier, New York), Vol. II,
Itakura, F., and Saito, S. (1968). "Analysis-Synthesis
Telephony based on the Maximum Likelihood Method," Proc. 6th
International Congress Acoustics, Tokyo, paper C-5-5. [Ed:
Reprinted in Flanagan and Rabiner, 1973.]
Joos, M. A. (1948). "Acoustic Phonetics," Language Suppl.
Kahn, M. (1975). "Arabic Emphatics: The Evidence for
Cultural Determinants of Phonetic Sex-Typing," Phonetica 31, 38-50.
Kalikow, D., Stevens, K. N., and Elliott, L. (1977).
"Development of a Test of Speech Intelligibility in Noise Using
Sentence Materials with Controlled Word Predictability," J. Acoust.
Soc. Am. 61, 1337-1351.
Kaplan, G., and Lerner, E. J. (1985). "Realism in
Synthetic Speech," IEEE Spectrum 22 (April), 32-37.
Kaplan, R., and Bresnan, J. (1982). "Lexical-Functional
Grammar: A Formal System for Grammatical Representation," in The
Mental Representation of Grammatical Relations, edited by J. Bresnan
(MIT, Cambridge, MA).
Kelly, J., and Gerstman, L. (1961). "An Artificial Talker
Driven from Phonetic Input," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. Suppl. 1 33, S35.
Kelly, J., and Gerstman, L. (1962). "Digital Computer
Synthesizes Human Speech," Bell Labs. Rec. 40, 216-217.
Kelly, J., and Gerstman, L. (1964). "Synthesis of Speech
from Code Signals," U.S. Patent 3,158,685.
Kelly, J., and Lochbaum, C. (1962). "Speech Synthesis,"
Proc. Fourth Int. Congr. Acoust. paper G42, 1-4 (Reprinted in
Flanagan and Rabiner, 1973).
Kewley-Port, D. (1982). "Measurement of Formant
Transitions in Naturally Produced Stop Consonant-Vowel Syllables,"
J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 72, 379-389.
Klatt, D. H. (1970). "Synthesis of Stop Consonants in
Initial Position," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. Suppl. 1 47, S93.
Klatt, D. H. (1972). "Acoustic Theory of Terminal Analog
Speech Synthesis," Proc. Int. Conf. Acoust. Speech Signal Process.
Klatt, D. H. (1973a). "Durational Characteristics of
Prestressed Word-Initial Consonant Clusters in English," Research
Laboratory of Electronics QPR 108, MIT, Cambridge, MA,
Klatt, D. H. (1973b). "Interaction between Two Factors
that Influence Vowel Duration," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 54,
Klatt, D. H. (1974). "The Duration of [S] in English
Words," J. Speech Hear. Res. 17, 51-63.
Klatt, D. H. (1975a). "Vowel Lengthening is Syntactically
Determined in a Connected Discourse," J. Phonetics 3, 129-140.
Klatt, D. H. (1975b). "Voice Onset Time, Frication, and
Aspiration in Word-Initial Consonant Clusters," J. Speech Hear. Res.
Klatt, D. H. (1976a). "Linguistic Uses of Segmental Duration
in English: Acoustic and Perceptual Evidence," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 59,
Klatt, D. H. (1976b). "Structure of a Phonological Rule
Component for a Speech Synthesis by Rule Program," IEEE Trans. Acoust.
Speech Signal Process. ASSP-24, 391-398.