The Price of Freedom: Americans at War Home Collection Search

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50 Mission Crush Hat
This hat was worn by Alexander de Seversky, a Russian-American pioneer aviator, born in Triflis, Russia on June 7, 1894. In 1914, Seversky graduated from the Imperial Russian Naval Academy with an aeronautics engineering degree. In 1915, he was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Imperial...
Conflict: World War I, World War II
Category(s): Equipment, Individual, Military Uniforms
75mm French Artillery Shell
French "Soisante-quinze" 75mm model 1897 field gun was the most universal weapon of the French artillery during World War I. Thousands were built and by the end of the war it had become the standard weapon of the United States Army. That prevalence in 1918-19 explains why its barely modified...
Conflict: 
World War I
Category(s): 
Ammunition
Bread Tin, Canteen and Belt
The bread tin was designed to keep the doughboy's ration of hard bread dry; earlier bread rations were packaged in cardboard containers which became soggy and their contents unusable when wet.
Conflict: 
World War I
Category(s): 
Equipment, Individual
Cher Ami
Cher Ami was a registered Black Check cock carrier pigeon, one of the 600 birds owned and flown by the US Army Signal Corps in France during World War I. He delivered twelve important messages within the American sector at Verdun; on his last mission, 4 October 1918, he was shot through the breast...
Conflict: 
World War I
Category(s): 
Animal heroes
Distinguished Service Cross Medal
This Distinguished Service Cross was awarded to General John J. Pershing.
Conflict: 
World War I
Category(s): 
Medals
Doughboy Uniform
Enlisted soldier's uniform. The brown, doughy color of the uniform led to these soldiers being referred to as "doughboys", though the exact derivation of the nickname has been debated.
Conflict: 
World War I
Category(s): 
Accoutrements, Military Uniforms
Gas Mask
Conflict: 
World War I
Category(s): 
Military equipment
German Stick Grenade
The stick grenade, which was the standard hand grenade of German soldiers during World War I, was designed to detonate after either a 5.5 or 7 second delay, although some exploded on contact. Impact grenades (those that exploded upon landing) were less popular than those with a timed fuse because...
Conflict: 
World War I
Category(s): 
Explosives, Foreign objects
Gold Star Pin
In May 1918 President Wilson approved the suggestion of the Women's Committee of National Defenses. They recommended that instead of conventional mourning attire, American women should wear a black arm band adorned with a gold star. This tradition began in WW I when white Service Flags with blue...
Conflict: 
World War I, World War II
Category(s): 
Ephemera, Insignia
'Invest in the Liberty Loan' Poster
Posters during World War I and World War II were designed to instill in the people a positive outlook, a sense of patriotism and confidence. They linked the war in trenches with the war at home. From a practical point, they were used to encourage all Americans to help with the war effort. The...
Conflict: 
World War I
Category(s): 
Art

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Smithsonian National Museum of American History, Behring Center Printable ScriptVisit the MuseumEducationCredits