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German “Nazi” Swastika Flag
National Museum of American History, Behring Center

German “Nazi” Swastika Flag

Catalog #: 1977.0788.03    Accession #: 1977.0788
Credit: Armed Forces History, Division of History of Technology, National Museum of American History

Dimensions / Weight

Dimensions: 29" H x 49" W

Physical Description

Red wool bunting cloth with white circle in center. In the center of the white circle is a swastika.

General History

In 1920, Adolf Hitler decided that the Nazi Party needed its own insignia and flag. For Hitler, the new flag had to be “a symbol of our own struggle” as well as “highly effective as a poster.” On 7 August 1920, at the Salzburg Congress, this flag became the official emblem of the Nazi Party. In Mein Kampf, Hitler described the Nazis' new flag: “In red we see the social idea of the movement, in white the nationalistic idea, in the swastika the mission of the struggle for the victory of the Aryan man, and, by the same token, the victory of the idea of creative work, which as such always has been and always will be anti-Semitic.”


Countries: Austria, Germany
War: World War II
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