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Providence steam capstan windlass model, 1883

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Providence steam capstan windlass model, 1883
Smithsonian Institution, Photo by Richard Strauss, Negative #: 2006-9755

IN CONTEXT

This object appears in the following sections:


Technology
Marine Patent Models — Complete Catalog: 1881-present

Technology
Marine Patent Models — Working the boat

OTHER VIEWS
American Ship Windlass Co. advertisement
American Ship Windlass Co. advertisement

RELATED OBJECTS
Capstan patent model


Providence steam capstan windlass model
Catalog #: 57,053, Accession #: 12,778
Currently on display
From the Smithsonian Collection

The American Ship Windlass Company of Providence, Rhode Island, manufactured capstans, windlasses, winches, and related equipment. Shipbuilders installed its products on hundreds of vessels throughout the United States in the second half of the nineteenth century. This demonstration model represents the company's top-of-the-line 1883 "New Style" Providence steam capstan windlass, a machine suited for hauling all manner of lines, cables, and chains aboard steamships.

Physical Description
The model is steel and measures 10 1/4" L x 12" W x 10 3/4" H.
Details
Date Made:
1883
Locations:
Rhode Island
Credit:
Gift of the American Ship Windlass Company
History

In 1883, Lieut. Z. L. Tanner, commander of the United States Fish Commission steamer Albatross, asked the American Ship Windlass Company to donate a model windlass to the Smithsonian for display at the London International Fisheries Exhibition. Frank Manton, the company's agent, sent this model in response.

The company's machines incorporated numerous patented components, and the company received 16 new patents between 1881 and 1890. This model demonstrates three patented ideas: a gear lubricating apparatus; the placement of the steam engine next to the windlass apparatus, rather than under the deck below; and the provision of sockets for bars to move the gypsies (chain drums) by hand.

Ref:

Frank S. Manton, assignor to the American Ship Windlass Co., Windlass, U.S. patent no. 237,885, Feb. 15, 1881.

Herman Winter, assignor to the American Ship Windlass Co., Gearing Lubricator, U.S. patent no. 276,987, May 1, 1883.

Herman Winter and Frank S. Manton, assignors to the American Ship Windlass Co., Power-Windlass, U.S. patent no. 276,988, May 1, 1883.

G. Brown Goode, ed. "Descriptive Catalogues of the Collections sent from the United States to the International Fisheries Exhibition, London, 1883," in Bulletin of the United States National Museum no. 27 (Washington, 1884), 724-25.

National Museum of American History accession file no. 12,778.


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