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Providence steam pump-brake windlass model, 1884

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Providence steam pump-brake windlass model, 1884
Smithsonian Institution, Photo by Richard Strauss, Negative #: 2006-9701

IN CONTEXT

This object appears in the following sections:


Technology
Marine Patent Models — Complete Catalog: 1881-present

Technology
Marine Patent Models — Working the boat

OTHER VIEWS
Providence steam pump-brake windlass model, 1884
Providence steam pump-brake windlass model, 1884


American Ship Windlass Co. letterhead
American Ship Windlass Co. letterhead

RELATED OBJECTS
Capstan patent model


Providence steam pump-brake windlass model
Catalog #: 160,186, Accession #: 14,636
In collection
From the Smithsonian Collection

The American Ship Windlass Company of Providence, Rhode Island, manufactured capstans, winches, and windlasses for hundreds of vessels throughout the United States in the second half of the nineteenth century. This demonstration model of the company's Providence steam pump-brake windlass came to the Smithsonian in 1884.

Physical Description

The model is steel and measures 11 1/2" L x 11" W x 10" H. One pump-brake handle is missing.

Details
Date Made:
1884
Locations:
Rhode Island
Credit:
Gift of the American Ship Windlass Company
History

The Smithsonian received a steam windlass model from the American Ship Windlass Company in February 1883. The next year, the company donated two additional models, this one and one that was not retained. “We understand the Gov’t is to build another steamer for the use of the Fish Commissioners,” the company’s agent wrote Smithsonian Secretary and Former Fish Commissioner Spencer Baird. “If they do, we hope to furnish one of our steam windlasses for her.” The resulting steamer was the research schooner Grampus, commissioned in 1886, and she was furnished with American Ship Windlass equipment. The Fish Commission’s model of the Grampus is also in the Smithsonian’s collections.

The American Ship Windlass Company’s machines incorporated numerous patent-protected components. The three demonstrated by this model are a gear lubricating apparatus; the placement of the steam engine next to the windlass apparatus, rather than under the deck below; and the provision of sockets for bars to move the gypsies (chain drums) by hand.

Ref:

Frank S. Manton, assignor to the American Ship Windlass Co., Windlass, U.S. patent no. 237,885, Feb. 15, 1881.

Herman Winter, assignor to the American Ship Windlass Co., Gearing Lubricator, U.S. patent no. 276,987, May 1, 1883.

Herman Winter and Frank S. Manton, assignors to the American Ship Windlass Co., Power-Windlass, U.S. patent no. 276,988, May 1, 1883.

National Museum of American History accession file no. 14,636.

“Report on the Construction and Equipment of the schooner Grampus,” Annual Report of the Commissioner of Fish and Fisheries, 1886.

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