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Mexican identification card, about 1923

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Mexican identification card, about 1923
Margaret Shaw, Negative #: 2003-20223


This object appears in the following sections:

Immigration and Migration
A Nation of Immigrants: Latino Stories — Mexican Identity: Juana Gallegos’s story

People on the Move:
People on the Move — Juana Gallegos Valadez: Immigrant, Traveler

Juana Gallego, 1927
Juana Gallego, 1927

Wedding portrait

Mexican identification card
Currently on display
Not a part of the official Smithsonian Collection

Like many other Mexicans, events in the 1910s and 1920s significantly altered Juana Gallegos' life. The spread of railroads into the Mexican countryside provided a means, and the breakup of the hacienda system (near feudal farming) and turbulence of the Mexican Revolution provided a motivation for many people to move to the cities. Around 1918 Juana Gallegos moved with her parents from the hacienda her father managed to Mexico City, where the family had political connections. After President Carranza was deposed, Juana and her mother returned to Matehuala.

In 1923 Juana Gallegos joined the exodus of Mexicans to the United States where jobs beckoned and relief from the upheaval of the Mexican Revolution made expatriate life seem attractive. But many of the people moving north, like Juana Gallegos, continued to consider themselves Mexican, returning often to their homeland for extended stays to see relatives and friends.

Physical Description
Mexican identification card for Juana Gallegos
Date Made:
about 1923
Courtesy Margaret Shaw

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