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America on the Move
Collection Exhibition Themes

Learning Resources
Reading List

Transforming the Waterfront:
San Francisco and Oakland,
California, 1960–1970

Davidson, Janet F., and Michael S. Sweeney. On the Move: Transportation and the American Story. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society, 2003.

Fairley, Lincoln. Facing Mechanization: The West Coast Longshore Plan. Los Angeles: Institute of Industrial Relations, University of California, Los Angeles, 1979.

Federal Maritime Commission. Seminars on the Container Revolution. For the Committee on Commerce, U.S. Senate. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1968.

Finlay, William. Work on the Waterfront: Worker Power and Technological Change in a West Coast Port. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1988.

Fitzgerald, Donald. “A History of Containerization in the California Maritime Industry: The Case of San Francisco.” Santa Barbara, Cal.: University of California, Santa Barbara, Ph.D. diss., 1986.

Gibson, Andrew, and Arthur Donovan. The Abandoned Ocean: A History of United States Maritime Policy. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2000.

Goldblatt, Louis. Men and Machines: A Story about Longshoring on the West Coast Waterfront. San Francisco: International Longhoremen’s and Warehousemen’s Union and Pacific Maritime Association, 1963.

International Longshoremen’s and Warehousemen’s Union. The ILWU Story: Six Decades of Militant Unionism. San Francisco: International Longshoremen’s and Warehousemen’s Union, 1997.

Larrow, Charles P. Harry Bridges: The Rise and Fall of Radical Labor in the United States. New York: Lawrence Hill, 1972.

McKenzie, David R., Mark C. North, and Daniel S. Smith. Intermodal Transportation: The Whole Story. Omaha, Neb.: Simmons-Boardman Books, 1989.

Mills, Herb. “The San Francisco Waterfront: The Social Consequences of Industrial Modernization,” in Case Studies on the Labor Process, ed. Andrew Zimbalist. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1979.

Mills, Herb, and David Wellman. “Contractually Sanctioned Job Action and Workers’ Control: The Case of the San Francisco Longshoremen,” Labor History 28, 2, 1987.

Minor, Woodruff. Pacific Gateway: An Illustrated History of the Port of Oakland. Oakland, Cal.: Port of Oakland, 2000.

Niven, John. The American President Lines and Its Forebears 1848-1984: From Paddlewheelers to Containerships. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 1987.

Nutter, Ben E. “Oral History for the Port of Oakland.” Oral History Series, Regional Oral History Office, Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, 1994.

Regal, Charles. “20 Years of Containerization in the Pacific,” Ampersand, spring 1978.

St. Sure, Paul, Harry Bridges, and Irving Bernstein. “The U.S. West Coast Agreement,” Fairplay Shipping Journal, Cargo Handling Supplement, 215, May 13, 1965.

Schwartz, Harvey. “Harry Bridges and the Scholars: Looking at History’s Verdict,” California History 59, 1, spring 1980.

Schwartz, Harvey, ed. Harry Bridges, a Centennial Retrospective: An Oral History of the Origins of the ILWU and the 1934 Strike. San Pedro, Cal.: Harry Bridges Institute, 2001.

Schwendinger, Robert J. International Port of Call: An Illustrated Maritime History of the Golden Gate. Woodland Hills, Cal.: Windsor Publications, 1984.

Swados, Harvey. “West-Coast Waterfront—the End of an Era,” Dissent 8, autumn 1961.

Theriault, Reg. Longshoring on the San Francisco Waterfront. San Pedro, Cal.: Singlejack Books, 1980.

Weir, Stan. “The Retreat of Harry Bridges,” New Politics 8, winter 1969.

Wellman, David. The Union Makes Us Strong: Radical Unionism on the San Francisco Waterfront. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Winslow, Calvin, ed. Waterfront Workers: New Perspectives on Race and Class. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1998.

Worden, William L. Cargoes: Matson’s First Century in the Pacific. Honolulu: University Press of Hawaii, 1981.

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