In 1964 the Museum of History and Technology opened, and transportation exhibitionsexcept for airplanes and spacecraftmoved across the Mall into the new building. The Railroad Hall, according to the guide to the museum, represents the first major revision of the railroad exhibit since its establisment in another building of the Smithsonian Institution in 1885.
The new Railroad Hall is designed to show the development of railroad equipment, with emphasis on typical or standard designs, and it contrasts sharply with previous exhibits which featured curiosities and firsts.
The Road Vehicles Hall at the new museum displayed representative collections of road vehicles, from a 1780 carriage to a 1930 Mack truck. Bicycles, motorcycles, and cars were displayed, along with a few gasoline pumps. Most of the cars in the collection were from before 1905.
Special exhibitions enlivened the road and rail halls over the years. In 2002, the old halls were closed and rebuilt to house America on the Move.