Smithsonian - National Museum of American History, Behring Center

 
Physical Sciences Collection - Surveying and Geodesy

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Alidade
Altitude and Azimuth Instrument
Chain, Tape and Base Bar
Compass, Pocket
Compass, Railroad
Compass, Solar
Compass, Surveyor's
Cross, Surveyor's
Electromagnetic Distance Measurement (EDM)
Gradienter
Graphometer
Heliotrope
Holland Circle
Level
Range Finder
Repeating Circle
Theodolite
Transit
Transit and Equal Altitude
Transit, Geodetic
Universal Instrument
Vertical Circle
Waywiser
Zenith Telescope
Miscellaneous

 

Holland Circle

In the late 16th century, a Dutch scholar and instrument maker named Gemma Frisius suggested that a good surveying instrument could be made by attaching a magnetic compass to the back of an astrolabe. Building on this idea, Jan Dou designed an instrument with two pairs of fixed sights attached to a graduated circle, and another pair of sights attached to either end of a movable alidade. Dou published an account of this instrument in Dutch in 1612, and the form became popular with surveyors in the Netherlands. The name Holland Circle was coined in the 19th century. The Holland Circle is similar to but easily distinguishable from the common theodolite.

Collection:

de Steur, Jacobus
Secoes, Jacob