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Image of United States 10 Dollars, 1907 (Pattern)
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Materials: Gold
Measurement: Dia. 27.3 mm, Wt. 16.716 g
Source: Transfer from U.S. Mint
Note: Judd 1775

United States 10 Dollars, 1907 (Pattern)

In 1905 President Theodore Roosevelt asked sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudens to lead an effort to redesign American coinage. Saint-Gaudens developed a design that many consider the most beautiful American coin ever conceived, the Ultra High Relief $20 piece. In addition to this $20 coin, Saint-Gaudens also redesigned this $10 coin, or eagle. Although the design has always been considered subordinate to his design for the $20 coin, it deserves close scrutiny. It bears witness to the labors of a gifted artist, working in ill health and under great pressure, and creating beauty almost at his final moment.

Saint-Gaudens was working against time and knew it. By the time he turned his attention to the ten-dollar coin, he was already gravely ill, with only a few months to live. So he recycled some earlier ideas. He reused a head of Victory that he had originally created for the Sherman Monument in New York City, adding a war bonnet. The result was fanciful, and Saint-Gaudens’s logical equation of Liberty with a Native American was no more convincing than Longacre’s version on the Indian Head cent.

But from an artistic point of view, it worked. The eagle on the reverse was also recycled, this time from President Roosevelt’s inaugural medal. The coin shown here was struck in modest quantity — about thirty-two thousand pieces. However, all but forty-two were ultimately melted down.
Related Events
1901: Theodore Roosevelt becomes president when President McKinley is assassinated.
1902: Congress authorizes building of the Panama Canal.
1904: Theodore Roosevelt elected president in his own right.
1907: Augustus Saint-Gaudens dies. His son, Homer, with others, completes the coin redesign project.
1908: Ford Motor Company introduces its Model T car.
Legendary Beauties The following objects are in this section.
Ancient Greek Silver Coin (Dekadrachm), about 400 B.C.E.United States, 20 Dollars, 1906 (Pattern)United States 10 Dollars, 1907 (Pattern)
Roosevelt Inaugural Medal, 1905United States, 20 Dollars, 1907United States, 10 Dollars, 1908
United States, 20 Dollars, 1907 (Pattern)United States, 20 Dollars, 1907 
United States, 20 Dollars, 1907 (Experimental)United States. 20 Dollars, 1908 (Matte Proof) 
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