The Price of Freedom: Americans at War Home Collection Search

Object Record

    New Search

Gold Star Pin
National Museum of American History, Behring Center

Gold Star Pin

Credit: Armed Forces History, Division of History of Technology, National Museum of American History

Dimensions / Weight

Dimensions: 0.66" H x 0.65" W x 0.6" D

Physical Description

Gold colored laurels surronding a blue field with a gold star in center.

General History

In May 1918 President Wilson approved the suggestion of the Women's Committee of National Defenses. They recommended that instead of conventional mourning attire, American women should wear a black arm band adorned with a gold star. This tradition began in WW I when white Service Flags with blue stars were displayed indicating an active service member in the United States Military. President Woodrow Wilson coined the term "Gold Star Mother" in a Letter to the Women's Committee. A group of mothers met in Washington, DC on 4 June 1928 to plan a national organization. The American Gold Star Mothers, Inc. is a nonpolitical, nondenominational and nonprofit organization. The organization is open to all mothers of fallen soldiers of all wars as well as those who have died a service-related death. the mothers receive a "Gold Star" pin to show their loss.


Country: United States
State: Dist of Columbia
Wars: World War I, World War II
Service: Support Organizations
Smithsonian National Museum of American History, Behring Center Printable ScriptVisit the MuseumEducationCredits