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Sam Houstonís Rifle
Division of Military History and Diplomacy, National Museum of American History

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Sam Houstonís Rifle

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Sam Houstonís Hunting Knife

Sam Houstonís Rifle

Catalog #: 16085    Accession #: 13152
Credit: Division of Military History and Diplomacy, National Museum of American History


Henry Gross (Maker)

Ohio gunmaker.

Dimensions / Weight

Dimensions: 8.5" H x 52" W x 3.75" D

Physical Description

American made sliding breech block which is also called a harmonica lock. It is a 5 shot, pill ignition. Inscribed ďHouston.Ē

Specific History

This rare Henry Gross rifle belonged to Sam Houston.

General History

One of the most colorful and controversial figures in Texas history, Sam Houston was born in Virginia on 2 March 1793 and spent much of his youth in the mountains of Tennessee. During the second war with England, Houston enlisted as a private but was made sergeant of a company. He excelled in the military. After receiving three near-mortal wounds at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, he rose to the rank of first lieutenant.

He practiced law in Lebanon, Tennessee before running for public office. He sought and won public office and was elected to the US Congress in 1823 and again in 1825. In 1827, Houston was elected Governor of Tennessee by a large majority. In 1832, he moved to Texas along with a few friends and emerged as a prominent player in the state's affairs.

Houston was elected commander-in-chief of the armies of Texas and took control of the Texas forces after the fall of the Alamo. On 21 April 1836, his force defeated Santa Anna and secured Texas independence. Houston was elected the first President of the Republic of Texas. After statehood in 1845, Houston was elected Senator from Texas to the Congress of the United States.


Country: United States
State: Texas
War: Mexican War
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