Andrew Jackson’s Sword & Scabbard
Division of Armed Forces History, National Museum of American History

Andrew Jackson’s Sword & Scabbard

Catalog #: 32012    Accession #: 68016
Credit: Division of Military History and Diplomacy, National Museum of American History

Dimensions / Weight

Dimensions: 41.5" H x 5" W x 3.25" D

Physical Description

Forged steel with metal scabbard.

Specific History

Andrew Jackson carried this sword and scabbard while commanding the American forces, which included Tennessee militia, U.S. regulars and Cherokee, Choctaw, and Southern Creek Indians during the Creek War in the War of 1812.

General History

The Creek War began on 30 August 1813, when a faction of Creeks known as the Red Sticks attacked a contingent of 553 American settlers at Lake Tensaw, Alabama, north of Mobile. The British were believed to be a main ally of the Indians.

In response to the Alabama attack, Jackson led 5,000 militiamen in the destruction of two Creek villages, Tallasahatchee and Talladega. The fighting lasted into the next year, culminating in Jackson’s troops destroying the Creek defenses at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend. On 27 March 1814 the battle ended with eight hundred Creek warriors killed and 500 women and children captured.

On 9 August 1814, Major General Andrew Jackson signed the Treaty of Fort Jackson ending the Creek War. The agreement provided for the surrender of twenty-three million acres of Creek land to the United States. This vast territory encompassed more than half of present-day Alabama and part of southern Georgia.


Country: United States
State: Alabama
War: Creek War