Adam Stephen’s Waistcoat and Gorget
Division of Military History and Diplomacy, National Museum of American History, Behring Center

Adam Stephen’s Waistcoat and Gorget

Date: ca. 1754
Catalog #: 12197; 12199 gorget    Accession #: 52984
Credit: Division of Military History and Diplomacy, National Museum of American History

Dimensions / Weight

Dimensions: 29.5" H x 24" W

Physical Description

Red wool waist coat with gold lace and guilded civilian buttons.

Gilt brass gorget. The gorget is engraved with the British royal crest and the initials “GR” for Georgeus Rex or King George.

Specific History

Uniform waistcoat worn by Lieutenant Colonel Adam Stephen during the French and Indian War. Stephen was George Washington’s Second-in-Command of the Virginia Regiment.

General History

The Virginia Regiment saw active service in Western Pennsylvania from 1754 to 1759. In 1755, the officers of the Virginia Regiment received orders from Washington to provide themselves with a "Suit of Regimentals" of good blue cloth. The coat was to be faced and cuffed in scarlet and trimmed with silver; they were to wear blue wool breeches and a scarlet wool waistcoat with silver lace. The waistcoat which extended to below the hips was typically worn over a plain shirt.

A gorget is part of the full dress uniform. It is a vestige of plate armor, symbolizing rank and authority.


Country: United States
State: Virginia
War: Seven Years War