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War Gum: "Japs Torture Reds After Armistice"
War Gum: "Japs Torture Reds After Armistice" (No. 265)

Text on reverse of card: "Despite the armistice which suspended fighting between Soviet Russians and Japanese on the Manchukuoan frontier, the feeling continued to run high. In late August, 1938, the Soviet Provision ship, Refrigerator No. 1, was halted by Tokio authorities and its captain and crew thrown into jail. There the Russians were questioned about the number and equipment of Soviet armed forces facing Manchukuo, ancient and modern tortures being used to force answers from the captive crew. First was tried the ancient bastinado, an Oriental punishment long used, in which the soles of the feet are beaten with thin strips of bamboo until the victim approaches insanity. Following this terrible torture the Japanese applied electric wires to the men's bleeding, swollen feet! This new act of unfriendliness angered the Russian Embassy and did little to promote a state of peace between the two nations. / To know the HORRORS OF WAR is to want PEACE. This is one of the SECOND SERIES of Horrors of War picture cards and true stories of today's warfare. Save to get a complete history. Copyright 1938, Gum, Inc., Phila., Pa. Printed in USA"
"Bubble-gum cards emerged from their wrappers, smelling of powdered sugar, in comic-book colors with armies and soldiers, tanks and planes, blood and gore...There was a message on each to justify their acquisition to the parents who provided the pennies: "To know the HORRORS OF WAR is to want PEACE." We kids hardly noticed....
A curious, comic-book war survives on the cards, the dream visions of gum-company copywriters. Whether the scenes were gruesome or glorious, the colors were always as bright as the outlook for victory. The enemy was always vicious and often cowardly, while our side was always brave and fought like heroes."
Stanley Weintraub, "The Bubble Gum Wars," in MHQ
Gum, Inc.
Courtesy of Carl Sheeley