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Drawing of audience listening to witnesses
Drawing of audience listening to witnesses

"--While I listened to many Japanese American lawyers testify about the number of civil rights violated -- including writ of habeas corpus... / My reactions were many... / I felt proud that they were Japanese and so skilled and eloquent. / I felt bitterness and outrage...the Constitution of the United States simply was a piece of paper in 1942. / How could America, my country, have let this terrible thing occur?"
"In response to the advocacy for redress by a broad spectrum of the Japanese American community, Congress created the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC) to review and analyze the official government contention, historically accepted, that the exclusion, forced removal, and detention of Americans of Japanese ancestry were justified by military necessity. The Commission was charged with issuing a report to Congress and with making appropriate recommendations based on its findings....
The CWRIC Commissioners held twenty days of public hearings from July to December of 1981, in ten locations, mainly on the East and West Coasts. They heard testimony from over 750 witnesses, most of whom were formerly incarcerated Japanese Americans and Aleuts or Pribilof Islanders, but who included as well former internees brought up from Peru, noted scholars, and a few apologists of the incarceration or internment experience [including Col. Karl Bendetsen and Assistant Secretary of War John McCloy]."
Personal Justice Denied
Courtesy of Michiko Kuwahara
November 1981