A | More | Perfect | Union --  Japanese Americans and the U.S. Constitution
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Japanese American internees struggled with the dehumanizing effects of being imprisoned, working to create as normal a life as possible behind barbed wire. But when the same government that questioned their loyalty to the United States simultaneously recruited internees to serve in the Army, the result was catalytic. Communities divided, splitting generations, families, and ideologies. Some internees chose to defy the United States govennment. Others chose to join its forces on the battlefields.

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The Questionnaire

In 1943, every resident in the internment camps was required to complete one of two questionnaires ... More

Japanese internees who proclaimed themselves loyal began the long road back to a normal life through the work-release program ... More
Expatriation and Repatriation

At the end of World War II, 4,724 Americans of Japanese ancestry were sent directly to Japan from the permanent WRA camps... More
The Draft

In December 1943, it was announced that all Nisei would be reclassified and eligible for the draft... More

Smithsonian - National Museum of American History - Behring Center