Smithsonian - National Museum of American History, Behring Center

Physical Sciences Collection - Surveying and Geodesy

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Surveyor's Vernier Compass - click to enlarge

Surveyor's Vernier Compass - click to enlarge

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Surveyor's Vernier Compass

Catalogue number:

"KEUFFEL & ESSER" and "NEW YORK" and "183"

5.75 inches diameter; needle 4.25 inches

This is one of the earliest instruments made in the factory that Keuffel & Esser built in Hoboken, N.J., in 1880. K & E described it as a "Surveying Compass, with folding sights, graduated to 1 degree, variation plate on side of compass box, two bubbles, ball joint and socket for jacob staff mountings." K & E donated this compass to the Smithsonian in 1972. New, it cost $20.

Ref: Keuffel & Esser, Catalogue (New York & Chicago, 1892), p. 236.

Further Information:

Surveyor's Compass
Keuffel & Esser